Participants

Aideen Halleman Aideen Halleman
General Manager of Hangar Y

Aideen Halleman, general manager of Hangar Y, has worked for over 15 years in cultural institutions such as the Cité de l'architecture, the Fondation Cartier and the Gaîté Lyrique. This experience, between the public and private sectors, in places focused on creation and the emergence of new ideas, allows her to take a multidimensional and strategic look at the opening of a new site.


Conference : Can we reinvent a heritage place?
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34A

In the spring of 2023, the Hangar Y will (re)open, after decades of closure, to a wide public. This place, known to the people of Meudonnais, remains surrounded by an aura of mystery, linked to the decades of closure and degradation of the site. In view of the opening, the questions that arise are the following: What project to give to a former airship hangar, which carries a fruitful but little-known history? How to build a place intended to welcome the public but also companies? What objectives should be followed, with what financial model, and above all what identity(ies) should be given to this place? During the conference, we will discuss the necessary steps of deconstruction/(re)construction of a mixed-use venue, the reflections specific to the post-pandemic situation and the cultural and event context in Ile-de-France. We will also discuss the construction ex-nihilo of a team and its own dynamics, with all the human challenges that this poses.

Alain Riazuelo Alain Riazuelo
Astrophysicist

Alain Riazuelo is a research fellow at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), based at the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris. His research focuses on the formation of large structures, the topology of the Universe and black holes. Author of several books and a documentary, he is also very involved in mediation activities.


Conference : How are our representations of reality constructed?
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 24

Many great fundamental questions were addressed by thinkers, philosophers or religious people long before science was able to provide answers. Before the irruption of science in such or such field of reflection, the field of possibilities appears unlimited: everyone is free to propose a narrative, coherent in appearance, which will relate, at the choice, to the creation of the Earth, the origin of the Universe or the appearance of life. Then comes a moment when science is mature enough to take up this subject. It then operates, often rapidly, a drastic reduction of the space of possibilities, sometimes to the great displeasure of those who hoped on the contrary that it would confirm their vision of the world. By its capacity to build an objective representation of reality, science will thus, at first, disenchant the world. But the story does not end there. Once the subject is well defined, scientific research will allow a description of it with a degree of detail that goes far beyond anything that people could have imagined, and it shows itself capable of revealing a coherence and a richness that are as remarkable as they were unsuspected.


Signing : Les trous noirs : à la poursuite de l'invisible
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h
Signing : Pourquoi E=mc2
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h
Signing : Pourquoi la Terre est ronde
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h

Alexandra Houssaye Alexandra Houssaye
Paleontologist

Alexandra Houssaye is a CNRS research director at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. She is a specialist in the functional adaptation of bone, at the external (morphology) and internal (microanatomy) levels, in three dimensions. As a paleontologist, she works to understand form-function relationships in modern species in order to make sound paleoecological inferences about extinct forms and explain adaptive changes throughout the evolutionary history of amniotes (mammals and reptiles).


Conference : Can research on dinosaurs and mammoths help us build today?
1er juillet 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 24

Bone adapts to the mechanical stresses applied to the skeleton over the lifetime of vertebrates. Over hundreds of millions of years, the skeleton has thus adapted to a wide range of stresses evolving over time. On an evolutionary scale, this is materialized by a structure of the bones, both in terms of their shape and their internal architecture, which matches the way of life of the organisms. Bone therefore carries a strong signal related to the functions it must perform. Bone therefore appears to be a powerful and promising tool for bioinspiration in various fields, including construction. And in particular for questions related to support. A better understanding of skeletal adaptations to massive weight could allow us to draw inspiration from it to build stronger structures with a minimal amount of material. While giant terrestrial quadrupeds are few in number in present-day fauna, they are much more numerous in fossil fauna, and taking into account and studying this present-day and fossil diversity could allow us to make great advances in bioinspired design.


Signing : La mer au temps des dinosaures
1er juillet 2022, 10h45 - 11h30

Alexis Paillet Alexis Paillet
Research engineer in the space industry

Alexis Paillet joined the French space agency sixteen years ago to work on the development, assembly and testing of space instruments for Mars exploration (ChemCam, a Franco-American instrument on board the Curiosity rover, and SEIS (Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure), a seismometer and the main scientific instrument on board the InSight Mars lander). For the past 2 years, Alexis has been project manager of the FR spaceship, which aims to prepare human and robotic space exploration by validating French technologies on Earth, deploying them on test bases in order to start exploring the Moon and exporting the model to Mars.


Conference : Are we ready for the construction of a permanent base on the Moon?
29 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34A

The return to the Moon organized to establish a permanent presence: many space agencies are preparing for this new phase of space exploration, including ESA (European Space Agency) and CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, the French space agency). To prepare today for the space base of tomorrow, the Spaceship FR project brings together the necessary technologies, skills and networks with partners in the space and non-space fields. Essential human needs are a constant to be taken into account in habitats wherever they are located. A human being must eat, drink, breathe, sleep, and eliminate organic waste. A permanent lunar habitat must consume as few resources as possible and also satisfy safety and comfort. In the ISS, astronauts change clothes every three days thanks to a regular supply from Earth. For distant space exploration, it is possible to manufacture and recycle bioplastic clothing. It may be necessary to invent and produce a material that is anti-odour, anti-bacterial and comfortable to wear. Maintaining good health implies ensuring the cleanliness of the habitat. Leaky rooms encourage condensation on surfaces that are not easily cleaned and colonies of mold and bacteria develop. Hydrophobic and self-cleaning surfaces could solve this problem. Spaceship imagines these future lunar and Martian habitats. There is still a lot of research and development to initiate to imagine for decades, starting in 2030.

Anatole Khelif Anatole Khelif
Mathematicien

Anatole Khélif is a professor and lecturer specialized in mathematical logic. He is a former student of the École Normale Supérieure, rue d’Ulm in Paris. He has been the organizer behind a seminar on categorical logic for several years. For him, logic is about trying, through very schematic means, to describe how our brains work.


Conference : Can we build an algorithm that would choose our axioms?
1er juillet 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 24

About artificial intelligence, Roman Ikonicoff evoked the "Gödel's wall" which the evolution of artificial intelligence would face. In his book "The Shadows of the Mind" Roger Penrose uses this type of argument to elaborate a non-algorithmic theory of consciousness. The arguments are in fact not very far from the "ontological proofs" of the existence of God. Gödel's theorem tells us roughly that any system of formal axioms containing arithmetic generates undecidable propositions and even cannot prove its own consistency. To show the consistency of a system one is obliged each time to move to a stronger system of axioms. Rather than a "Gödel's wall" I see rather a Gödel's mirage where each time we have the impression that the A.I gets closer to human intelligence, it gets further away. Can we "decide everything" in an empirical and/or algorithmic way by rejecting the axioms as soon as they lead to a contradiction, in order to have a notion of "truth" associated to the non-contradiction? We will see that even if we do this, we will in fact obtain an "almost" contradictory system.

Anne Beyaert-Geslin Anne Beyaert-Geslin
Professor of Semiotics

Anne Beyaert-Geslin is a professor of semiotics (Information and Communication Sciences) at the University of Bordeaux Montaigne. She is president of the French Association of Semiotics (AFS) and vice-president of the International Association of Visual Semiotics (AISV). Qualified in the 7th, 71st and 18th sections of the National Council of Universities, she has directed the CeReS (EA 3638-Centre de recherches sémiotiques) at the University of Limoges and the MICA laboratory (EA4426-Mediations, information, communication, arts) at the University of Bordeaux Montaigne. She is currently in charge of the IDEM axis (Images, design, spaces, mediations) of the MICA laboratory and in charge of the Master's degree in Semiology and Communication: Transitions of Worlds. She has coordinated 22 dossiers and collective works, published 160 articles and chapters as well as 5 books: L'image préoccupée, Hermès-Lavoisier, 2009; Sémiotique du design, PUF, 2012 (Semiotica del design, ETS, 2017); Sémiotique des objets. La matière du temps, Presses de l'université de Liège, 2015; Sémiotique du portrait. From Dibutade to the selfie, De Boeck, 2017; The Invention of the Other. The Jew, the Black, the Peasant, the Alien, Garnier, 2021.


Conference : How to build a representation of insects?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 24

The representation of insects poses a problem from the start, linked to their size: they are among the smallest of all animals. To this difficulty is added the fact that they do not move like us, but crawl, climb or fly. Everything we can't do. If they have not ignored the insects, the plastic arts have always seized them when they enter in relation with our human world, at our height. They symbolize our values. The paper will focus on a few insects featured by Western art, the fly and the butterfly, to reconstruct the strategy that ensures their representation and, through the symbolic equivalences thus offered, restores our value systems.

Anne-Flore Lewi Anne-Flore Lewi
Digital Marketing Specialist

Marketing consultant and digital marketing specialist, Anne-Flore Lewi has been accompanying Timeworld since 2019. In charge of digital strategy and marketing partnerships, she coordinates the marketing and communication operations of the congress throughout the year.

Anne Odru Anne Odru
Reporter

Anne Odru’s natural curiosity and outgoing personality have been strengths in her career. She was initially drawn to science and began a program of study in biology, which led her to discover scientific journalism. Telling and sharing stories became her priority, so she decided to pursue an education in journalism, with a focus on audiovisual media. Today, she works in that field. She loves travelling and discovering the world, and she is passionate about sharing her adventures and stories through writing and pictures with anyone interested.

Antoine Genitrini Antoine Genitrini
Senior Lecturer in Computer Science

Antoine Genitrini is a lecturer in computer science at Sorbonne University in the LIP6. Following studies at the interface between mathematics and computer science, he joined the international community of researchers who develop quantitative analyses of algorithms and data structures. Since his thesis he has been studying in particular data structures related to Boolean logic but also the computational theory of concurrency through a combinatorial and quantitative approach of its properties. His multidisciplinary research field, in the theoretical context of computer science objects, allows him to collaborate with researchers from various backgrounds, both from mathematics and computer science.


Conference : Can a mathematical proof be consolidated using computers?
30 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34B

In this talk, we will trace the history of coloring flat maps. The question is to determine the minimum number of colors needed to color the regions of any plane map in such a way that adjacent regions have different colors. The problem was formally stated in the middle of the 19th century in a correspondence between Augustus de Morgan and Sir Willian Rowan Hamilton. Attempts at mathematical proofs followed one another for more than a hundred years throughout the world. In the 1970's, while mathematicians succeeded in solving the problem for most of the maps, there remained about 1500 configurations that did not verify the hypotheses allowing to conclude their coloring. Appel and Haken then decided to treat the problem, in a computerized way, with an exhaustive study of these last configurations. Their 1976 publication finalizing the complete proof of the four color theorem was not however welcomed with enthusiasm by the researchers of the field, because of the approach they had followed.

Anzar Khaliq Anzar Khaliq
Experimental physicist

Anzar Khaliq is an experimental physicist, a design researcher and an educationist with a PhD in Physical Chemistry from Sorbonne Université. He is the founding faculty member of Habib University, the first of its kind Liberal Arts and Sciences University in Karachi, Pakistan and is currently serving there as the Associate Dean of Teaching and Learning. He is the founding Director of the Centre for Transdisciplinarity, Design and Innovation and has previously served as the Director for Integrated Sciences and Mathematics, and as the Assistant Dean of the School of Science and Engineering. He is also the founder of Life Design Program at Habib University and currently offers multiple core courses in the domain of Design Research, Scientific Methods, and Energy. His most recent work is at the intersection of design and pedagogy where he uses a Human Centred Design approach to rethink pedagogical experiences to create more inclusive, inspirational and impactful learning frameworks that are designed in line with the changing learning needs of modern day and age.


Conference : Can we construct life experiences without living them?
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 34A

Our world in the last few decades has undergone a dramatic change, impacting all of our life experiences. Our social behaviours, learning patterns, access to knowledge, relationships with other species and the planet; none of this is the same if compared to the start of the century. How do we construct knowledge and solve problems that respond to this change? How do we transcend our biases, and break away from disciplinary silos? Is there a need to step in multiple shoes and encourage diversity of thought? Is there a systematic way to learn from the lives of the people around us and design experiences that truly respond to their needs?

Araceli Lopez-Martens Araceli Lopez-Martens
Nuclear physicist

After a degree in Physics and Russian at the University of Sussex (UK), Araceli Lopez-Martens did a first year of doctoral studies by preparing the DEA "Champs Particules Matière" at the University of Paris Sud and then a PhD in nuclear physics at the CSNSM on the study of high spin phenomena and in particular on nuclear superdeformation. After a postdoctoral contract at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen (Denmark), Araceli started his career at the IReS (now IPHC) in Strasbourg and worked on the manifestations of chaos in nuclei with the European gamma ray detector Euroball. After the dismantling of Euroball in 2003 and back to the CSNSM, she developed gamma tracking algorithms for the Advanced GAmma-ray Tracking Array (AGATA) and became interested in the structure and dynamics of superheavy nuclei, which she now studies mainly at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (Russia), but also at the University of Jyväskylä (Finland) and soon at GANIL with the Super Separator Spectrometer (S3). Araceli is currently a research director at the CNRS Irène Joliot Curie Laboratory of Physics of the 2 Infinites in Orsay.


Conference : Is there still something to discover and build in nuclear physics?
1er juillet 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 34A

Nuclear physics aims at studying, understanding and predicting the properties of the atomic nucleus. The atomic nucleus is not visible to the naked eye, nor even to the most powerful microscope. However, it is at the origin of more than 99% of the mass of atoms and its properties are at the origin of most of the elements in the universe, of ~70% of the electricity in France and of daylight. They are even responsible for life on earth! By tracing the evolution of our knowledge of nuclear physics from the birth of the discipline in 1911 to the present day, we will be able to judge together whether the answer to the title of this talk is yes, no or maybe.

Ariles Remaki Ariles Remaki
PhD student in history and philosophy of sciences

Ariles Remaki is a PhD student in history and philosophy of sciences at the Sphère laboratory (Université de Paris). Graduated from a master's degree in advanced mathematics at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, in the field of probability, he started a thesis in 2017 on the epistemological status of combinatorics within the work of the German philosopher G.W. Leibniz. He is particularly interested in questions relating to discovery methods and the explanatory role of induction in the field of combinations.

Armance Quéro Armance Quéro
Violoncellist

Armance Quéro is cellist co-soloist of the Marseille Opera Orchestra since June 2019. She is the godmother of "Musiques en Montravel", a festival created in the summer of 2021 in the Purple Perigord. As a soloist as well as a chamber musician, she recorded a sonata disc "Jeux à la française" with pianist Joseph Birnbaum, released in 2017 by Etcetera records to critical acclaim. She is a member of several ensembles and has played alongside Svetlin Roussev, Alexander Paley, Sébastien Vichard, Nicolas Dautricourt, Sonia Wider-Atherton... At the 2017 Colmar Festival she played as a soloist under the direction of Frank Braley with the Wallonie Chamber Orchestra of Brussels. Curious by nature, she makes as well contemporary music (creation at Ircam of Mosaïque, piece for cello and electronics by M. Stanczyk) as more atypical projects (she participates notably in the tour of Lambert Wilson sings Montand). She is a member of the cello quartet " les Serioso Celli ", with whom she frequently performs. After studying at the Paris Conservatory with Roland Pidoux and Xavier Phillips in 2012, she attended Miklos Pérenyi's classes at the Liszt Academy in Budapest and then joined Gautier Capuçon's Class of Excellence at the Fondation Vuitton in Paris. She has already distinguished herself in several international competitions, notably by winning the 3rd Prize at the Belgrade International Competition in 2010. She is a laureate of the Société Générale, the Adami and the Fondation de France.

Arnaud Gallant Arnaud Gallant
PhD student in plasma physics

Arnaud est doctorant CNRS en physique des plasmas au laboratoire EM2C de l'école CentraleSupélec. Sa recherche porte sur une technique de dissociation énergétiquement sobre du diazote par des plasmas. La réalité de son travail est partagée entre des expériences, notamment d'optique (spectroscopie, laser) et l'utilisation de code pour interpréter ses résultats. Arnaud est aussi bénévole dans plusieurs associations sur des thématiques qui lui tiennent à cœur : aider les jeunes chercheurs à bâtir leur carrière avec Careers and Doctors, partager l'excitante aventure du spatial avec SpaceCon et travailler sur la transition écologique avec le Shift Project.

Arnaud Meyer Arnaud Meyer
Photographer

Graduated from a photography school and assistant in the early 90's, Arnaud Meyer starts working as a fashion photographer, then quickly and naturally moves to portraiture. In the middle of the 90s he collaborates with the magazine Rock&Folk and photographs big stars like David Bowie, Iggy Pop, Lou Reed, The Cure, Radiohead, Oasis... Since then, he has never stopped photographing celebrities: Politicians, writers, singers, comedians, humanists... In addition to these commissioned portraits, he has always explored various societal, ecological and behavioral themes through his series, always resulting in the creation of universes that are as plastic as they are minimalist, and which resonate with a subtle balance between questions of form and questions of substance.

Aurélien Alvarez Aurélien Alvarez
Mathematician

Aurélien Alvarez is a mathematician at the ÉNS of Lyon. His research interests concern the theory of dynamical systems, in particular through the study of the topology and geometry of certain algebraic differential equations. Editor-in-chief of the online journal Images des mathématiques and co-author of the films Dimensions and Chaos, he is also interested in the continuing education of school and high school teachers and participates in numerous mediation activities, notably at the Maison des mathématiques et de l'informatique de Lyon.


Conference : Can we build a computer with Lego?
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 34B

What is a calculation, what is an algorithm? In 1936, Alan Turing gave an answer to these questions by defining what is now called a Turing machine, i.e. an abstract mathematical model that gives a precise meaning to the intuitive and ancestral notion of computation, and is particularly well suited on the theoretical level to address issues of computability and complexity. But how to present these fundamental notions to a large public? Can we imagine building, only with Lego bricks, a real "Turing machine" and thus "see" a computation? This is the challenge we will discuss in this talk.

Baptiste Xirau Baptiste Xirau
Master's degree in Urban Policy

Baptiste Xirau is currently doing a master's degree in Urban Policy at Sciences Po Paris. After two years following the double degree Philosophy-Social Sciences at Sciences Po Paris and Sorbonne University, then one year at the psychology department of University College Cork (Ireland), he is now working on the organization of think tanks on the design of digital models of the city, and on the fight against land artificialisation. Passionate about music, he also leads several projects of piano and orchestral composition.

Barnabé Crespin-Pommier Barnabé Crespin-Pommier
Student in literary research and creative writing

Barnabé Crespin-Pommier is a writer and a Master’s student at Cergy Paris University, as well as an intern at Éditions LIBRE. He has previously completed a Master 1 in linguistics, co-accredited by Paris 3 and Paris 7, and was also awarded the 4th « Prix du Jeune Écrivain 2022 ». His research focuses on contemporary francophone medieval-fantastic fantasy. It is based on a corpus of two unfinished sagas: Les sentiers des Astres (Stefan Platteau) and Le Cycle de Syffe (Patrick Dewdney). Barnabé questions the contours of this genre and the creative processes of the authors, from world-building to putting a story into words. The creative part of his master’s thesis is the incipit of his first fantasy novel.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Benjamin Fuks Benjamin Fuks
Researcher in theoretical physics

Benjamin Fuks is a University Professor at Sorbonne University and a member of the Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Énergies (LPTHE in Paris). His research interests cover phenomenology beyond the Standard Model of particle physics towards a better understanding of the world of elementary constituents of matter and their dynamics. He is also involved in the development of numerical tools and methods for high energy physics. During his PhD, he studied the phenomenology of supersymmetric models, and he worked on precision calculations whose results are now widely used in experiments. His activities then diversified (composite models, quark top and Higgs boson physics, dark matter, interface between collider physics and cosmology, present and future particle colliders, study of anomalies in the data), and he strongly contributed to the development of new numerical tools which have become standards in the field. He is also involved in the dissemination of scientific knowledge to the general public, notably through social networks and participation in numerous popularization events.


Conference : Is it still necessary to build models beyond the Standard Model?
29 juin 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 34A

The Standard Model of particle physics is established as the theory describing elementary particles and their interactions, especially since the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012. Although successful, this theory suffers from several conceptual problems and practical limitations. For many decades, these have motivated the high-energy physics community to design new theoretical frameworks extending the Standard Model by new particles and interactions, and to develop the associated experimental studies for their discovery. However, current data show no sign of these new phenomena, even if several intriguing anomalies seem to emerge. In this talk, we will take a quick trip through the last 100 years to illustrate how the Standard Model of particle physics was built. Then, we will discuss the major puzzles that lead us to believe that it is not the end of the story, and we will analyze the experimental status of the search for new phenomena. At the end of the talk, we will discuss the reasons why the exploration of physics beyond the Standard Model is still relevant and is a very exciting research topic.


Signing : Mécanique quantique - Une introduction générale illustrée par des exercices résolus
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30
Signing : Supersymetrie Exercices avec Solutions
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30

Benjamin Rougé-Thomas Benjamin Rougé-Thomas
Cameraman and chief operator

Benjamin Rougé-Thomas is a cameraman and chief cameraman. He holds a master's degree in investigative journalism and major reports, and specialized in documentaries after training at the INA. Passionate about images and naturally curious, he touches on everything. Clips, corporate films, documentaries, music recordings, conferences and short films, no challenge scares him. Based in Paris, he travels all over France and abroad depending on the project.

Bertrand Kulik Bertrand Kulik
Violonist and photographer

Professional violinist and passionate about photography, Bertrand Kulik likes to play with the shapes and colors of nature. It is his passion for astronomy that led him to take an interest in photography. Bertrand likes to show that, whatever his environment, man is connected to nature. He regularly collaborates with the press around the world: Figaro Magazine, Le Nouvel Observateur, Daily Telegraph, BBC, The Metro, The sun, The Guardian, Le Parisien, New York Daily News, New York Post, La Repubblica, Ciel et Espace, Paris Match and even the front page of the CBS news.

Bertrand Laforge Bertrand Laforge
Experimental physicist

Bertrand LAFORGE is professor at Sorbonne University. His research focuses mainly on the study of the fundamental properties of matter and its interactions. He is a member of the Laboratory of Nuclear and High Energy Physics (LPNHE Paris). After studying the proton structure in the H1 experiment installed at the HERA accelerator in Hamburg during his thesis, he joined the experimental effort at CERN in Geneva. He worked on the analysis of the final LEP2 data in the DELPHI experiment and invested in 1997 in the construction of the electromagnetic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment currently in operation on the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. He participated in the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, when he coordinated the corresponding analysis group at LPNHE. Since then, he has carried out research aimed at discovering the microscopic nature of dark matter which seems necessary to explain the organization of the Universe on different scales. In addition, he carries out multidisciplinary activities in theoretical biology and education. For the past 3 years, he has also been developing the Ikigai educational games platform project which enables higher education organisations to develop quality video game content collaboratively and to disseminate it on a large scale.


Conference : In progress
1er juillet 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34A

The educational video game was born almost with video games, which themselves appeared very quickly after the birth of computers. However, it is clear that if video games have conquered society, as shown by usage data that transcend generations and genres, they have not taken their place in the educational world at all. I will therefore start by presenting the specific difficulties in building educational video games and then present the Ikigai.games platform which aims at solving all these problems in order to finally allow the development of an authentic pedagogy through video games, especially now possibly assisted by artificial intelligence techniques. Lastly, I will illustrate with a few examples how it is possible to build games including original game mechanics that are themselves vehicles for the knowledge and know-how to be transmitted.

Brigitte Senut Brigitte Senut
Geologist and paleontologist

Geologist and paleontologist by training, Brigitte Senut is a Professor at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. She holds a PhD and a PhD in natural sciences devoted to ancient hominids and fossil great apes and their locomotion. She travels throughout Africa in search of fossils to understand the origin and evolution of modern great apes and humans in a geological and environmental context. She has participated in numerous discoveries, including Otavipithecus namibiensis (12 Ma, Namibia) and Orrorin tugenensis (6 Ma, Kenya). She is also interested in the desertification of Africa over the last 20 million years. These works are or were carried out within expeditions in Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Namibia, Angola, Botswana, South Africa) that she leads or co-leads. She is also strongly involved in the role of natural sciences in sustainable development. Author of more than 400 scientific and popularization articles, she is the recipient of several awards, including the CNRS Silver Medal (2000), the Irène Joliot-Curie-Woman Scientist of the Year Award (2008), the Grand Prix Albert Gaudry of the Geological Society of France (2018) and the Grand Prix of the Del Duca Foundation of the Institut de France (2019).


Conference : How is the evolutionary history of man constructed?
1er juillet 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34B

Reconstructing our history requires the interaction of several naturalist disciplines and cannot be reduced to a neontological approach based mainly on the living. Like any evolutionary history, it implies a paleontological study based on anatomy, the comparison of structures in fossil and modern beings as Buffon so well demonstrated. Man is also an integral part of biodiversity and throughout his history, his relationship with other biotas in various climates has been decisive for his survival; in particular his locomotor, dietary and cognitive behaviors studied with increasingly fine techniques of observation and measurement. The "time" factor has been essential in this progressive and bushy construction carried out over nearly 10 million years.


Signing : Et le singe se mit debout...: Aventures africaines d'une paléontologue
1er juillet 2022, 16h45 - 17h30
Signing : Paléontologie d'aujourd'hui
1er juillet 2022, 16h45 - 17h30

Brigitte Zanda Brigitte Zanda
Geochemist

Brigitte Zanda is a professor-researcher at the Institute of Mineralogy, Physics of Materials and Cosmochemistry (IMPMC) of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle and the Sorbonne University Alliance. These fragments of asteroids, the Moon, Mars and perhaps cometary nuclei, detached from their parent bodies by impacts, arrive on Earth loaded with information on the genesis and evolution of planetary bodies. Brigitte Zanda studies the first instants of the solar system and the geology of asteroids through primitive meteorites as well as the geology of the planet Mars through Martian meteorites. She is one of the leaders of the FRIPON (for Fireball recovery inter planetary observation network) and Vigie-Ciel programs, whose main objectives are to monitor the sky for new meteorites and to involve the public in their field research. She is vice-president of the Meteoritical Society, the international learned society that gathers all meteorite experts and amateurs.


Conference : What are the first steps in the construction of the solar system?
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 34B

When we talk about the construction of the Solar System, the planets and especially the Earth, which is the one we live on, what are we talking about? We are talking about the moment of all dangers! The key words are energy and chance... Gravitational energy that the now extinct stars have transformed into nuclear energy and that still today feeds the internal movements and the volcanoes that shape the surface of the Earth. Gravitational energy released during the collisions that created the planets and of which the Moon bears the visible scars accumulated over several billion years. The birth of the Moon itself is the result of one of these gigantic collisions and it is considered that the formation of the Moon is the last step in the massive construction of our planet. Thereafter, a whole series of collisions punctuated the history of our planet and influenced its destiny and that of the living beings that inhabited it. A series of totally different coincidences could have occurred! It is partly thanks to meteorites that we are trying to reconstitute this history!

Caroline Angleraux Caroline Angleraux
Doctor of Philosophy in Biology

Caroline Angleraux has just defended her PhD in philosophy and history of the life sciences, completed at the Institut d’Histoire et de Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne) and at the University of Padua, Italy. She works on the concept of simplicity conveyed by the Leibnizian monad and the Haeckelian moneron, and also works on the relationship between this simplicity and the concept of the cell in biology. She aims to uncover how a metaphysical discourse was transformed into the speculative biology that played a major part in the conceptual genealogy of the cell, and how it enlightens our contemporary concept of the cell.

Catherine Dargemont Catherine Dargemont
Mission Director

Director of research at the CNRS in Life Sciences, specialized in cellular and molecular aspects of gene expression, and director of an interdisciplinary Laboratory of Excellence on the theme of identity (WhoAmI?). Until recently, Catherine Dargemont has, in parallel to her scientific activities, held administrative and research management positions in various national and international bodies. She has been an auditor for the Institut des Hautes Etudes pour la Science et la Technologie (IHEST) since its inception, and a member of the scientific council of ANSES (health agency). She has developed a long-standing interest in the place of higher education, scientific knowledge and innovation in our society. Joining the Headway-Advisory consulting firm was an opportunity for her to put her intimate knowledge of French and foreign research and higher education institutions and her scientific imagination at the service of a greater number of people, to advise and support higher education stakeholders (universities, schools, local authorities, etc.) in their strategic questions.


Conference : How to build a campus?
1er juillet 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34A

in progress

Catherine Guesde Catherine Guesde
Doctor of Philosophy

Catherine Guesde is a former student of the École normale supérieure in Lyon, France, and holds a doctorate in philosophy, music criticism and music. She teaches aesthetics at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and is director of studies at the Institut supérieur des Beaux-Arts in Besançon. Her research focuses on listening to marginal and often radical popular music such as extreme metal and noise; she received the International Association for the Study of Popular Music (French-speaking branch) prize for her article "Approaches du sauvage", on the taste for extreme metal. Member of the editorial boards of La Vie des idées and Volume ! La revue des musiques populaires, she co-authored with Pauline Nadrigny The Most Beautiful Ugly Sound in the World; listening to noise, published by Musica Falsa. More recently, she edited the collective work Penser avec le punk, to be published by Presses universitaires de France in August 2022.


Conference : Is the taste for extreme music a construction?
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 24

The problem of the variety of the tastes is founding for the aesthetics, which is built on the refusal of a relativism in the matter. But how can we think about the taste for abrasive or even aggressive sounds (substitution of shouting for singing, saturated guitars, explosive rhythms, recourse to high sound volume), as is the case with extreme music? This expression of "extreme music", popularized in the 2000s, has come to designate a group of musics born at the end of the 1980s from the radicalization of rock, and which recontextualize, in a counter-cultural mode and within popular music, certain gestures of the avant-garde (bruitism, collage) in a domain where the horizons of expectation are those of a "standardized" music. Presenting themselves on the borders of the musical, these practices also force us to rethink the strategies of listening and the pleasure associated with them. Can we make the stages of the formation of a taste for these musics intelligible? The purpose of this presentation is to show, by articulating field research and aesthetics, how the taste for these musics is formed and to qualify the pleasure that is specific to them.

Catherine Schwob Catherine Schwob
Experimental physicist in photonics

Catherine Schwob is a university professor at Sorbonne University. She is an experimental physicist in photonics and a member of the Institut des NanoSciences de Paris. After a thesis on the non-classical properties of light, she became interested in atomic physics and in the metrology of fundamental constants and contributed to very precise determinations of the Rydberg constant (relative uncertainty of a few 10-12) and of the fine structure constant (relative uncertainty of a few 10-9 in 2008). She was also part of the international consortium that determined for the first time the radius of the proton charge distribution by muon hydrogen spectroscopy. For the last 15 years, she has been interested in manipulating the fluorescence properties of nanoscale emitters by controlling their environment. For this purpose, she designs and realizes photonic or plasmonic structures and studies the emission of light in these structures. It works in particular on the development of very sensitive sensors of nanoparticles or molecules, based on these structures.

Cécile Croce Cécile Croce
Teacher-researcher in Aesthetics and Art Sciences

Cécile Croce is a teacher-researcher in Aesthetics and Art Sciences at Bordeaux Montaigne University, co-director of the Mediations, Information, Communication, Arts Research Unit (MICA, UR 4426). Her research questions the links between art and new mediations, as well as their societal issues explored within the team of Arts, Design, Scenography (ADS) researchers for which she is co-responsible. She works at the crossroads of plastic practice and aesthetic approach, writing for current arstits (The life of a work. Guillaume Toumanian, preface by Didier Arnaudet, Bordeaux, Trinôme Editions, 2015; MD Smith. Liquid densities, retrospective at the Archdiocese Palace, October-December 2018, Arles, Les Fleurs du Silence, 2018). Specialist in psychoanalytical aesthetics (Psychoanalysis of pictorial symbolist art. Art, an erosgraphy, col. L’or d’Atalante, Champ Vallon, Seyssel, 2004), she is interested in the aesthetic questions raised by artistic forms of performance, installation, digital arts (Performance and psychoanalysis. Experimenting and (de)signing our lives, préfaces by B. Lafargue and G. Ostermann, col. Mouvement des savoirs, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2015). Cécile Croce is co-editor-in chief of the aesthetic studies scientific journal Figures de l’art; co-créator and co-editor-in-chief of the digital scientific journal Arts, Sciences and Technologies: Scientific News of Art (ASTASA).


Conference : Is a work of art a construction?
30 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 34A

The question can be understood on several levels. The cultural level, which elevates the work to the rank of art and uses its definition as a social, aesthetic, economic or political construction. The philosophical one, which attempts to think about the articulation between the conditions of the said construction in their possibilities of making a work (from the material to what motivates its transformation, passing through their information, their use, the destination of the work, its uses, etc.). The psychological one, of the psychic elaboration at stake (on the artist's side or on the spectator's side) or the sociological one, of the imprint of the social transformations at work. The concrete one, of the making of the work from materials, whether they are pictorial matter taken out of the tube or cooked in the studio, modular elements to be combined, objects to be assembled, gestures to be orchestrated. Constructivist dynamics, the philosophy of creation, the seismographic conception of artistic productions or the compositional approach to the work all offer different meanings to the notion of construction, to which the artists offer as many outlets. By presenting examples of works, I will show that they question the passage from one mode to another and reveal fertile ambivalences.

Céline Fellag Ariouet Céline Fellag Ariouet
Historian of Science

Céline Fellag Ariouet is responsible for the Executive and Meetings Service at the BIPM. Trained as a historian, she first worked on hidden children during the Second World War. She is completing a PhD thesis in the history of science on "The International Bureau of Weights and Measures from 1875 to 1975", under the supervision of Martina Schiavon, Archives Henri Poincaré - Philosophie et Recherches sur les Sciences et les Technologies, UMR 7117 CNRS. She participates in several research projects and has published a dozen articles on the history of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, including "Charles-Édouard Guillaume, l'étalon et l'invar, une illustration des relations entre le Bureau des Longitudes et le Bureau International des Poids et Mesures" published in the collective work Le Bureau des Longitudes au prisme de ses procès-verbaux (2021) and "Marie Curie, the international radium standard and the BIPM" published in Applied Radiation and Isotopes, vol. 168, February 2021.


Conference : How are the definitions of units of measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 24

In 1875, in the Salon de l'Horloge at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Paris, representatives of seventeen nations signed a treaty to ensure the unification and perfection of the metric system. Known since then as the Metre Convention, this treaty is the founding act of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), one of the oldest international organizations with its headquarters in Sèvres. While the BIPM's first mission was to produce new international prototypes for the metre and the kilogram, almost a century and a half later it has become the guarantor of the International System of Units (SI). Based on seven base units, the SI is now the universal language of measurement. The SI is not static because it integrates the progress of science and adapts to the needs of society. This presentation will examine, from a historical perspective, how the definitions of units of measurement are developed. Starting with the three fundamental units of the metric system (the metre, the kilogram and the second), we will sketch the path of some key actors in an attempt to better understand which practices have been adopted at the international level and to grasp how the paradigm shifts within the scholarly community around metrology are articulated.


Table ronde : How is a precision measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 9h15

We don't think about it much, but units of measurement are omnipresent in our daily lives. Yesterday and today, measurements are at the heart of all human activities. In a globalized society, it is more than ever essential that measurements be recognized and traceable at the international level. Sport, medicine, commerce, industry, environment, aeronautics, artificial intelligence, there is no human activity without reliable measurements and universally accepted units. From high-precision metrological laboratories to everyday life, how is a precision measurement constructed? Which actors? What shared assumptions? Which evolutions to come? With the digital transformation, how does measurement integrate the new challenges of a world in full transformation?

Christian Courtois Christian Courtois
Electro-mechanical engineer

Christian Courtois is an electro-mechanical engineer from ESME Sudria. After discovering the railway world at the SNCF, Christian Courtois was quickly involved in the field of electric traction, first in substations and power supply systems and then in catenaries. This allowed him to have a global and systemic vision of electric traction in connection with all its interfaces: motor equipment, energy suppliers, electrical compatibility with signaling and safety. More recently, the activity has turned towards European railway interoperability, with a strong standardization component, energy, the greening of railways with a view to replacing diesel traction with decarbonated energy vectors, and the improvement of existing systems by introducing innovations. For the past eleven years, Christian Courtois has been in charge of the electric traction department of the engineering department at SNCF Réseau, with a team of 135 people.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

Clara Zaoui Clara Zaoui
Violoncellist

A graduate of the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Paris, Clara Zaoui is a cellist whose musical life reflects her curiosity and taste for sharing with others. She alternates with equal pleasure her activities as a chamber musician within various formations, notably the Philéas Ensemble which she joined in 2019. She has won numerous international prizes in chamber music, in sonata formation with piano, with the pianist Xénia Maliarévitch. She is also a laureate of the Natixis-Banque Populaire foundation (2007/2010), Génération Spedidam (2014-2017), laureate of the Fondation Oulmont Foundation (2012), which allowed her to record a disc dedicated to Kodaly and Rachmaninoff released by Lyrinx in 2014.

Clémence Farrell Clémence Farrell
Agency Director Clémence Farrell

Graduated from the École nationale supérieure des Arts Décoratifs de Paris in 1998, she uses her talent as a draughtswoman for art directors, works with directors of advertising films, music videos or fictions as a chief decorator. In 2008, she created her own agency of scenography and design of interactive devices. The Clémence Farrell Agency is quickly recognized in the field of exhibition set design for its particular style, characterized by the unique relationship between image, object and space. Her career has led her to mix film tricks and spatial compositions, mechanical processes from the last century and the latest audiovisual media. In 2016, strengthened by her success in the field of exhibitions and her ability to communicate well thanks to processes derived from museography, Clémence Farrell decided to expand her field of action: she founded Muséomaniac, a company producing exhibitions and events, audiovisuals, multi-media and innovative interactive furniture. Through this new role as producer and creative director of the company, she wishes to propose, with her large network of creators, directors, academics and experts, new pathways and presentation media that will allow her to provide fine answers to the promising market of museography.


Conference : Ephemeral construction: reinvention of permanent spaces?
29 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 24

From the same space, fixed, with its own constraints, which was sometimes not thought for a museographic use, the scenographer creates worlds each time different, reinvents the space, imagines new ways of occupying it and moving in it, in the service of the works exhibited and of a subject. How to combine the ephemeral and the permanent? What are the stakes? From two exhibition scenographies in the same room, we will question the limits and the possibilities of the reappropriation of museum spaces, in their material, technical, but also ecological, political and artistic dimensions.

Clino Trini Castelli Clino Trini Castelli
Industrial designer

Clino Trini Castelli industrial designer, artist and design theorist lives and works in Milan. Internationally known for CMF design (Color, Material and Finishes) of which he was the initiator, Castelli introduced the "No-form" renewal of plastic languages applied to industrial products through the tools of Design Primario. As opposed to traditional compositional methods, Castelli has focused on the design of the more intangible aspects of figuration, like material and color, light and sound, emphasizing the virtues of a sensorial approach to art and design. Since the early 1970s this has made him a pioneer in research on the emotional identity of products in the industrial sector. From 1978 to 1983 he conceived and directed Colorterminal IVI in Milan, the first center of research and services on the new RGB additive technologies. In 1983, alongside his activities of research and design, he was one of the founders of Domus Academy. Clino Castelli has continued his work in education, teaching in many international design schools and universities, including the Milan Polytechnic. He has published many writings and book on design culture, including articles for leading international magazines of art and design. His work has received important European, American and Japanese prizes, including two ADI Compasso d’Oro awards.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?

Cyril Rigaud Cyril Rigaud
Scientific advisor

Cyril Rigaud was born in Provence and spent his childhood and adolescence gazing at the sky. He studied science and earned a pilot certificate at age 17. In June 1995, he joined the French Air Force as a transport pilot. Initially in charge of support and training missions for forces in mainland France, overseas, and abroad, he became an instructor in 2006-2008. He then went on to join the transportation team for high-level government officials and health evacuations, until 2013. As of 2010, he has also ensured travel for top government officials. In early 2016, he became a co-pilot on a Canadair CL 415 water bombardier for emergency services.

Dany Sandron Dany Sandron
Professor of art history and medieval archaeology

Dany Sandron has been a professor of art history and medieval archaeology at Sorbonne University since 1998. He is a member of the André Chastel Center (UMR 8150) where he is responsible for Plemo3D, a platform of mobile equipment for digitization and 3D modeling (https://plemo3d.sorbonne-universite.fr/ ). His research and publications focus on the architecture and monumental arts of the Romanesque and Gothic periods on a European scale. He is the author of numerous books and articles on the cathedral of Paris and is a member of the scientific council of the Etablissement public pour la restauration et la conservation de Notre-Dame. Within the scientific team of Notre-Dame de Paris, he is the coordinator of the Décor group, which brings together some fifteen specialists who study the monumental and movable decoration of the cathedral from the 12th century to the present day, using digital technologies to document the thousands of sculpted and painted elements that make up the decoration of Notre-Dame.


Conference : Notre-Dame de Paris, why a restoration faithful to the monument?
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34B

The fire that ravaged Notre-Dame on April 15, 2019 ruined the spire, the roof and the frame of the building. The question of the choice of restoration was immediately raised, the subject of a debate that very quickly crystallized between contemporary creation illustrated by a number of projects and a restoration faithful to the state before the disaster. It is this vision that prevailed in the final choice of the restoration entrusted to the Public Establishment for the Restoration and Conservation of Notre-Dame de Paris and to the project management. In addition to the respect shown for the cathedral, which was classified as a historic monument in 1862 and is a key element of the Rives de la Seine site, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991, the forthcoming restoration project offers the opportunity to gain a better understanding of the monument by maintaining and developing the skills of the teams working on site, some of which date back to the time when Notre-Dame was built. At the same time, the research carried out by the specialists of the scientific site are closely examining the monument from different angles, notably the structure and the decoration, in order to better appreciate its creative power. These actions are intended to serve as an example in the field of heritage policy.

David Goeres David Goeres
TGV M Project Manager

David Goeres joined the SNCF in 1999 as a TGV traction chain specialist. He then moved on to positions as technical manager for TGVs, which enabled him to work on all series of TGVs and on other European high-speed equipment. In 2015, he joined the TGV2020 program (now TGVM) as technical architect, then project manager. He is currently TGV M project manager. 23 years of experience at SNCF on TGV projects have enabled him to develop a recognized expertise in high-speed equipment.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

David Haroutunian David Haroutunian
Violonist

Born in Yerevan (Armenia), David Haroutunian received early tuition from his father, a professional violinist and pupil of Leonid Kogan. He went on to study at the Tchaikovsky Music School under Petros Haykazyan, graduating with honours in 1995. In the same year, he was an award winner in the Amadeus Competition. At the age of thirteen, he gave his first solo performance with orchestra, playing Mozart’s Violin Concerto in G major K216. This was soon followed by concerts in Armenia and Russia, and recordings for radio. In September 1995, he began his studies at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Paris, obtaining the Premier Prix de Violon in 1998. In 1999, he embarked on the postgraduate course at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Paris, where he was taught by Jean-Jacques Kantorow. In 1996, Rouben Aharonian (now first violinist of the Borodin Quartet) invited him to perform the double violin concertos by Bach and Vivaldi. The following year, he met Boris Belkin, whose role in the development of the young musician would be pivotal. In the same year, he gained an honours certificate from the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, Italy. During his studies, David Haroutunian benefited from the expertise of musicians including Olivier Charlier, Zachar Bron, Donald Weilerstein and Christian Ivaldi. Since then, his performing career has expanded to include solo appearances with the Armenian National Philharmonic Orchestra, Moscow Chamber Orchestra, Paris Conservatoire Graduates Orchestra, and with members of Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra and the SWR Sinfonieorchester. Concert tours have taken him as far afield as the former USSR, Italy, Great Britain, Germany, Estonia, Ukraine, Argentina, Morocco and Algeria. His interest in the music of all eras ranks him amongst the most eclectic violinists of his generation. A chamber musician of repute, he is regularly invited to play at music festivals of all kinds. David Haroutunian has given solo and chamber recitals in concert halls including the Théâtre des Champs- Élysées, Salle Cortot, Budapest Philharmonic, Moscow’s Hall of Columns, Palazzo Chigi Saracini in Siena, with partners including Paul Badura-Skoda, Elisabeth Leonskaja, Itamar Golan, François-Frédéric Guy, Sonia Wieder-Atherton, Vahan Mardirossian, Henri Demarquette, Jean-Jacques Kantorow and Gérard Poulet. In December 1999 he recorded a live recital for Radio Budapest. The disk received great critical acclaim in Hungary. David Haroutunian has participated in various radio broadcasts on stations including France Musique, Radio Classique, Armenian National Radio and Hungarian National Radio. He is artistic director of the chamber music festivals ‘Les Variations Musicales de Saint-Estèphe’, the ‘Festival de Bormes-les-Mimosas’ and as of 2017, ‘Musique(s) en Emeraude’ in Saint-Malo. In 2016, he formed the Armenian music ensemble Toumanian Mek. Passionate about teaching and music outreach, David Haroutunian has taught at the ‘Conservatoire Erik Satie’ in Paris since 2018. He has also given numerous masterclasses in Argentina, Greece and Armenia. David Haroutunian est également le directeur artistique de trois festivals : « Les Variations Musicales de Saint-Estèphè », le « Festival de Bormes-les-Mimosas » ou encore « Musique(s) en Emeraude » à Saint-Malo. He plays a Lorenzo Carcassi violin made in Florence in 1753.

Emmanuelle Javaux Emmanuelle Javaux
Paleobiologist and astrobiologist

Emmanuelle Javaux is a biologist (ULiège, Belgium) and a PhD in geology (U. Dalhousie, Canada). She completed a postdoctoral fellowship (Harvard, USA) to conduct research on the evolution of early eukaryotes and a second one (Department of Astrophysics, ULiège) to develop astrobiology in Belgium. She is Ordinary Professor and Director of the Early Life Traces & Evolution-Astrobiology team and of the Astrobiology Research Unit at ULiège. Since 2014, she is a member of the Royal Academy of Belgium. Her research focuses on the evolution of the biosphere during the Precambrian, from the first traces of life to the diversification of complex (eukaryotic) life, and on the characterization and fossilization of biosignatures useful for paleobiology and the search for extraterrestrial life in the solar system and beyond. Combining multidisciplinary and multiscale approaches, she and her team are exploring the fossil microbial record in rocks dating from 3.5 to 0.5 billion years ago, in various regions of the world such as Australia, Africa, Canada, China, ...but also studying modern microorganisms such as cyanobacteria and protists. She contributed to the discovery of the oldest known microfossils and the first eukaryotes. In 2012, she was awarded an ERC Starting Grant for the ELITE project on the first traces and evolution of life, and the implications for astrobiology. She is also involved in the ESA exobiological mission Exomars, coordinates the international BELSPO PORTAL project which aims to explore the habitability and possibility of photosynthesis on exoplanets, and is a member of the management committee of the European Astrobiology Institute.


Conference : How to reconstruct the first three billion years of evolution of life?
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 24

To reconstruct the evolution of life on Earth since its origin, different approaches can be followed, diving back in time from the current biodiversity to LUCA, the last common ancestor of the three domains of life, or conversely, starting from the prebiotic chemistry leading to the origin of life and then to LUCA and the diversification of life as we know it The Earth has been habitable for 4.3 billion years (Ga) but the presence of a microbial biosphere has only been solidly demonstrated since 3.4 Ga, although some controversial traces would date back to more than 4 Ga. Traces of life preserved in the geological record may be morphological or chemical, but abiotic processes may mimic or alter them, and contamination is possible, leading to heated controversies about the oldest traces of life. Finally, even when biological origin is proven, it is sometimes difficult to identify the fossil life form discovered. New advances in analytical methods as well as experimental approaches allow to improve the characterization of these biosignatures and to constrain abiotic processes, taking into account the geological context. Studying the first traces of life and its evolution during the first billions of years is a challenge, but is essential in the search for the origin and evolution of life, on Earth and elsewhere in the universe, as space agencies are doing. This research is at the heart of astrobiology which aims to understand the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe.

Emmanuelle Pouydebat Emmanuelle Pouydebat
Researcher in behavioural change

Awarded several scientific prizes, Emmanuelle Pouydebat completed her thesis with Professor Coppens and then became his last Temporary Teaching and Research Associate at the Collège de France. She was a lecturer at the University, then joined the CNRS and the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle as a researcher, where she is now Director of Research. Specialized in the evolution of behaviors, which she approaches in an interdisciplinary way (ethology, biomechanics, morphology, paleoanthropology, bio-inspiration...), she is particularly interested in the capacities of manipulation and use of tools, quickly calling into question many human specificities. She has published more than 70 international articles and as many international conferences. Author of "L'intelligence animale, cervelle d'oiseaux et mémoire d'éléphants" (Odile Jacob, 2017), "Atlas de zoologie poétique" (Arthaud, 2018), "Quand les animaux et les végétaux nous inspirent" (Odile Jacob, 2019), and "Sexus animalus" (Arthaud, 2020), all translated into several languages, Emmanuelle very regularly transmits her passion on television, on French and European radio, in the press and during conferences for the general public. In 2019, she received the silver medal of the CNRS and was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 2021.


Conference : Can we build a robot based on an elephant?
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 34A

The elephant trunk, capable of powerful, precise and suction-like grasping, is one of the most complex grasping organs in the animal kingdom. Its adaptations, optimal for the survival of this species, represent unique bio-inspired solutions for industry, which needs new flexible and robust robotic hands and arms to safely grasp and move heavy loads. While the trunk represents a unique model, no industrial robot is inspired by its biological and biomechanical data. In the framework of the Eleph-HAND project, our objectives are to understand the variability of the proboscis uses, the 3D morpho-functional and biomechanical parameters of the proboscis coiling, gripping and suction as a function of object and task properties; to understand how the musculo-hydrostatic system of the proboscis can combine precision, strength and variability of movements; to design a "hand-like" prehensile prototype able to reproduce the movement of the tip of the proboscis and, an "arm-like" kinematic architecture reproducing the behavior of the body of the proboscis. From a fundamental point of view, we will improve our knowledge of the complex mechanisms of an extraordinary manipulative organ and an emblematic animal.


Signing : L'intelligence animale
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15
Signing : Quand les animaux et les végétaux nous inspirent
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15
Signing : Sexus Animalus: Tous les goûts sont dans la nature
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Estelle Honnorat Estelle Honnorat
Director, investigative journalist

Trained at the Ecole Supérieure de Journalisme de Paris with a specialization in radio, Estelle perfected her methods by joining the Master in Investigative Journalism at City, University of London. After several years as an investigator and writer in several investigative bureaus such as the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, CAPA, Hexagone and Médiawan, Estelle chose to work as a freelance journalist. With this experience, Estelle moved on to directing for Golden News. This was an opportunity for her to take the time to investigate and write the documentary until it was edited, during three years. In the field, strong encounters have taught her to tell beautiful stories with this sensitivity that allows her to approach the intimacy of her characters. Determined and committed to investigative journalism and transmission, Estelle leads short film workshops for Civic Fab with children in the suburbs.

Etienne Klein Etienne Klein
Physicist ane philosopher

Étienne Klein is a French physicist and philosopher of science. A graduate of École Centrale Paris, he holds a DEA (Master of Advanced Studies) in theoretical physics, as well as a Ph.D. in philosophy of science and an accreditation to supervise research (HDR). He is currently head of the Laboratoire des Recherches sur les Sciences de la Matière (LARSIM), a research laboratory belonging to the CEA and located in Saclay near Paris. He taught quantum physics and particle physics at Centrale Paris for several years and currently teaches philosophy of science. He is a specialist in the question of time in physics and has written a number of essays on the subject. He presents a radio chronicle La Conversation scientifique every Saturday, on the French public station France Culture. Étienne Klein is the author of many books. He practises mountain-climbing and other endurance sports.


Conference : How to build a theory of gravitation by dropping bodies?
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34B

In progress

Eve de Medeiros Eve de Medeiros
Artistic Director

After working for the Marcel Duchamp Prize and the Daniel and Florence Guerlain Foundation Prize for Contemporary Drawing, and then working independently as a curator and artistic director for several years, Eve de Medeiros decided to found the DDESSINPARIS fair in 2013. She is the artistic director of the event. For the past 10 years, the fair has offered a real springboard to the young French and international contemporary drawing scene, a medium for which she defends a transversal and decompartmentalized vision. She is also an independent curator and consultant to collectors.

Fanny Nusbaum Paganetti Fanny Nusbaum Paganetti
Researcher in psychology and neuroscience

Fanny Nusbaum has a doctorate in psychology and is a research associate in psychology and neuroscience at the University of Lyon. She is the founder and director of the PSYRENE Center (PSYchology, Research & Neuroscience), specialized in the evaluation, diagnosis and development of potential.


Conference : Can we build intelligence?
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 34A

Intelligence is not a capacity but a state. We can find this state by abusing our own imaginary conventions.


Signing : Le cerveau sous hypnose: Libérez votre intelligence et votre imagination
29 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45

Francesca Caruana Francesca Caruana
Visual artist

After a National Diploma of Fine Arts in Montpellier, Francesca Caruana studied aesthetics at Paris 1-Sorbonne, with Daniel Arasse, then art semiotics with G. Deledalle. Doctor in plastic arts and art sciences, lecturer at the University of Toulouse Le Mirail from 1998 to 2005, then at the University of Perpignan, where she lives. She is in charge of the cultural mission for the UPVD. Initiator of the event "Questions d'art" at the UPVD. Her plastic work is based on the relationship between chance and the constructed, giving rise to a diversity of forms: installations made from residues, found objects or from tribal cultures, paintings mixing gesturality and the rigour of drawing, and/or multimedia versions.


Conference : Is the construct the only condition for perception?
29 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 24

A materialist conception would have us believe that it is enough to be confronted with the existing to make it visible. Perception would therefore depend on the visibility of its construct alone. If the scientific posture authorises us to think this, it does not exclude the perception of certain unconstructs, obliging us to question the relationship between the existing and the real. A semiotic approach to the real questions, on the one hand, what the construction founds as a common perception, and on the other hand, the presence of exogenous and variable elements in the construction such as framing, serendipity, the imaginary, intentionality, as many factors that are not visible, but which reduce the perception of the real to being the mirror of our culture.

François Moutou François Moutou
Veterinary epidemiologist

François Moutou is a veterinary doctor and epidemiologist. He is the former deputy director of the animal health laboratory, Anses in Maisons-Alfort, former head of the epidemiology unit and former member of the specialized expert committee (CES) "Animal health and welfare". He has worked on issues of major health risks, zoonoses, risk analysis for entities such as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (prion diseases), rabies, tuberculosis, brucellosis, SARS and, avian influenza. From 2000 to 2019, he was a member of the INSERM's committee for animation and ethical reflection on medical and health research (ERMES committee). Since 2019, he has been a member of the ethics advisory committee of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. He is honorary president of the French Society for the Study and Protection of Mammals and vice president of the National Society for the Protection of Nature.


Conference : Biodiversity and health, which relations to build?
1er juillet 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 34A

Both microbial and parasitic diseases are caused by organisms listed in the flora and fauna inventories. If some of these diseases are transmitted directly from sick individuals to healthy individuals, others are carried by vectors, most often arthropods and molluscs. Sometimes an animal reservoir harbors a microorganism capable of being transmitted to another species, including humans. Epidemiological cycles are built from all these elements. At the same time, in the context of the global regression of biodiversity, of its deconstruction, of the "sixth extinction", conservation programs try to protect threatened ecosystems and their species. Could there be a contradiction between the conservation of biodiversity and the emergence of certain health risks? The question can only be addressed by reconstructing the place of microorganisms within the living world. They were first discovered as agents responsible for various pathologies. Their reality is much broader and richer. What is the impact of the invasion of natural environments by humans by modifying the types of relationships linking "reservoirs", "vectors" and "hosts"? A few examples may help to identify the issues and perceptions at stake.


Signing : Adopte un virus com
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Des épidémies, des animaux et des hommes
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Et si on pensait aux animaux ?
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Les zoonoses - Ces maladies qui nous lient aux animaux
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h

François Nawrocki François Nawrocki
Paleographic Archivist

François Nawrocki is a curator, archivist and paleographer, with a doctorate in history. He is in charge of the Fonds et collections section of the Kandinsky Library (Centre Pompidou), which is responsible for the development and processing of archives and printed material relating to modern and contemporary art.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?

François Nicolas François Nicolas
Composer

François Nicolas is a composer. His musical works are published by Jobert. A CD of his music (played by F. Millet, J.-M. Conquer and A. Damiens) is published by Triton. With a scientific and philosophical background as well as a musical one, he associates composition with an intellectuality that is both musical and mathematical - see, for the last twenty years, the Ircam-Ens mamuphi seminar (mathematics-music-philosophy) and, this year, his lessons in modern mathematics before Cantor (Gauss, Galois, Cauchy, Hamilton, Riemann and Dedekind) at the CDN d'Aubervilliers - but also militant (in the direction of the shantytowns and large factories of the modern world). His last work Le monde-Musique (4 volumes, afterword by A. Badiou) was published by Aedam musicæ. At Ircam, he is completing the composition of a vast work Petrograd 1918 (80 minutes) combining instrumental music, mechanical music (diskclavier), an electroacoustic sound projection device (the IKO icosahedron) and a narrator (see the poem Douze by Alexandre Blok).


Conference : Why can't music be built?
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 24

All music, even improvised, is inscribable in the musical writing invented a thousand years ago (the solfeggio, in the principle of the international MIDI standard). It is not, however, constructible in the logical-mathematical sense that Gödel gave to "constructible sets" because not all the parts that count musically are: some are well written (for example chords or melodies), others are only notated (such as phrases cut by simple linking curves) but most of them are neither (such as the characteristic fusion of timbres), being most often not even definable (see the indecomposable cloud of "nuances" which makes the non-mechanical charm of music). If we call execution the constructible (and finite) part of music and interpretation its excess (and infinite) part, we must admit that if the score ensures the possibility of such an execution (starting with that of the computers), on the other hand the listening of a given interpretation does not agree with it. We will then examine the musical dialectic between the score and the listening in the light of the logical-mathematical dialectic (set theory) between Gödel's constructible universe L and von Neumann's more general universe V.

Gabrielle Halpern Gabrielle Halpern
Philosopher

Doctor of philosophy, associate researcher and graduate of the École Normale Supérieure, Gabrielle Halpern has worked in various ministerial cabinets (Ministry of Economy and Finance, Ministry of Research and Higher Education, Ministry of Justice), before participating in the development of startups and advising companies and public institutions. She also has a background in theology and exegesis of religious texts. She is an associate expert at the Jean Jaurès Foundation and directs the "Hybridations" series she created at Editions de l'Aube. Her research work focuses on the notion of hybridization and she explores this notion in many fields, including innovation, human resources, organizations, ecology, the individual, the economy, art, communication, work, territorial planning, science, education, literature, technology, politics, etc., and society in general. She is the author of the essay "Tous centaures! Eloge de l'hybridation" (Le Pommier, 2020), the comic book "La Fable du centaure" (Humensciences, 2022, illustrated by Didier Petetin) and the book "Philosopher et Cuisiner: un mélange exquis - Le Chef et la Philosophe" (Editions de l'Aube, 2022, co-authored with Guillaume Gomez).

Photo credit: Frédérique Touitou


Conference : How can we reconcile ourselves with reality?
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 34B

Cesare Pavese wrote that "the human imagination is immensely poorer than reality "* ... What if reality contained elements that we do not see, that we do not perceive, that we do not understand, for lack of knowing how to do it or for lack of wanting to do it? Wouldn't this mean that we are missing a large part of our environment? Our way of approaching the world is based on a mental construction that has been built, structured and reinforced over centuries: our rationality. The latter could well have transformed our brain into a gigantic factory of massive production of boxes of all kinds in which we love to arrange reality by carefully cutting it into pieces. This mental construction would be the symptom of a deeper disease and the crisis we are experiencing could well be a crisis of our relationship to reality... How did we build this way of approaching the world? What are the anxieties that have led us to it? Could we not approach the world differently? And if so, how can we upset our mental construction to think differently and thus reconcile ourselves with reality, the world and Nature?


Signing : Tous centaures ! : Éloge de l'hybridation
30 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h

Gautier Depambour Gautier Depambour
PhD student in science's history

Former student of the French engineering school CentraleSupélec, Gautier Depambour is currently studying History and Philosophy of Science at Paris VII University. During his gap year, he had the opportunity to work as an intern for five months at CERN within the communication group of the ATLAS detector. Meanwhile, he has lead a Machine Learning project on particle physics. He has also spent six months in the Quantum Cavity Electrodynamics group in the Kastler-Brossel Laboratory (Collège de France, Paris) for his Masters degree in nanophysics. Finally, he feels passionate about explaining and helping others understand science. He is involved in several projects such as the website of the French physicist and philosopher Etienne Klein. He also wrote a book to tell his experience at CERN, called Une Journée au CERN.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Georges Lewi Georges Lewi
Brand Expert

Combining education in both classical letters and marketing, Georges Lewi has developed an interest in brands’ life very early and started his research on brands’ life cycle with his first book "Sale temps pour les marques » (Bad weather for brands). He analyzed a paradoxical phenomenon: some young brands are aging prematurely while centuries old brands are doing very well. Author of over 15 books, he is considered as one of the best European branding specialists. He taught at HEC Paris, at CELSA (Paris4Sorbonne), delivering his knowledge in conferences and in consulting for major companies where he handled about 500 case studies. He received many honors thanks to his work on storytelling.


Conference : Building a great brand, is it building a great city, a great novel or a sand castle?
1er juillet 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 24

Brands remain a mystery, even for the best marketing specialists. Some collapse in less than 20 years, while others, after several centuries, have an insolent youth, some seemed to have died out and are reborn.


Signing : Devenir une marque mythique: Storytelling et digital
1er juillet 2022, 14h30 - 15h15
Signing : L'art de se (la) raconter: Du storytelling au personal branding
1er juillet 2022, 14h30 - 15h15

Gérard Berry Gérard Berry
Professor and Writer

Gérard Berry is a French computer scientist, member of French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences), French Academy of Technologies (Académie des technologies), and Academia Europaea. He was the Chief Scientist Officer of Esterel Technologies from 2000 to 2009. He held the 2007-2008 yearly Liliane Bettencourt chair of Technological Innovation at the Collège de France. He is currently Director of Research at INRIA and is holding the 2009-2010 yearly Informatics and Digital Sciences chair at the Collège de France. Berry's work, which spans over more than 30 years, brought important contributions to three main fields: lambda calculus and functional programming, parallel and real-time programming languages, design automation for synchronous digital circuits. Berry is known for the Esterel programming language.


Conference : How is computing a science and a construction technique?
29 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34B

The natural sciences (physics, chemistry, astronomy, biology, etc.), study nature and use their results to build new objects and systems, while mathematics essentially develops abstractions starting either from natural phenomena or from internal questions. Computer science plays both roles simultaneously. Neither a science of nature, nor a strictly mathematical science, it uses its own abstractions to build new systems beyond the reach of classical sciences, with a great unity of thought and ways of doing things despite an ever wider range of applications: Internet and connected objects are excellent examples. But it also profoundly modifies other sciences and techniques. It now plays a fundamental role in physics, biology and medicine. Planes, machines, buildings, etc. are designed in CAD. We will show that this profound evolution results from two simple principles: that of the universal machine that is the computer, unique in human history because there is no universal machine in physics (the cell can be seen as universal in biology, but it is not us who designed it), and that of self-construction: electronic circuits and application software are systematically built with the help of other software and circuits, which makes it possible by climbing the steps to go to scales previously unthinkable.

Gérard Oury Gérard Oury
Consultant

Gérard Oury has been active in the industrial world for over thirty years. He has spent the last 25 years of his professional life as a consultant and sales manager with CETIM (Centre Technique des Industries Mécaniques), the largest R&D center for industry in France. He has met with executives from virtually every sector of the manufacturing industry in France and Europe. The activities addressed were essentially around supply chain optimization, mechanical manufacturing, design and re-design, but also validation tests, technical feasibility studies. The projects initiated were mostly strategic. He has been responsible for a variety of accounts and markets, including aerospace (airplanes, helicopters, launchers, equipment manufacturers), transportation (automotive, rail), and luxury goods (watches and perfumes). He has experienced and participated in the accompaniment of companies from mass production to the transition to small and medium series production tending towards the "made-to-measure". Today, he accompanies large industrial companies in their search for sources of technical and commercial diversification.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

Guillaume Lecointre Guillaume Lecointre
Zoologist and Systematician

Guillaume Lecointre is a research scientist in the team « Institut de Systématique, Evolution et Biodiversité », professor at the french national museum of natural history in Paris (MNHN), and scientific adviser to the president of the MNHN. He’s a systematist, ichtyologist, and his work is mainly about theoretical systematics, phylogeny of teleost fishes and Antarctic biodiversity. He published 135 professional papers and 27 books (h index of 36 including books). He has a significant contribution to the training of Science teachers. Double Prize of the Société Zoologique de France (Charles Bocquet Prize 2006, Gadeau de Kerville Prize 1996), « Comité Laïcité République » National Prize 2009, Rationalist Union Prize 2012, Member of the National Order of the Legion of Honour 2016.


Conference : Phylogenetic reconstruction or phylogenetic construction?
29 juin 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 34B

Phylogenetic reconstruction" is the discovery of the relationships between the species that make up the diversity of life. What is a phylogeny? Under what conditions can we talk about it? We will see the elementary principles of its construction, and what theoretical and mathematical tools and data it needs. We will see what its uses are, notably that of reconstructing abstract ancestors, portraits of extinct species. Finally, we will examine whether we should speak of "phylogenetic reconstruction" or "phylogenetic construction".


Signing : Classification phylogénétique du vivant – Tome 1 - 4e édition
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30
Signing : Guide critique de l'évolution 2e édition
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30
Signing : La reconstruction phylogénétique
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30

Gwenaëlle Rousse Gwenaëlle Rousse
Cristallographer

Gwenaëlle Rousse is a lecturer at Sorbonne University. A physical chemist by training, she is interested in the links between crystal structure and material properties. After ten years at the Institute of Mineralogy and Physics of Condensed Matter (Sorbonne University), she joined the "Solid State Chemistry and Energy" laboratory at Collège de France in 2014. She is particularly interested in the crystallography of battery materials, which she studies using X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. She is an honorary junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France and was awarded the 2019 prize of the Solid State Chemistry Division of the French Chemical Society.


Conference : Is the crystal built only with atoms?
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 34A

Quartz, pyrite, calcite, ruby... Minerals have always fascinated us with their colors and shapes. But what exactly are they made of and where does their beauty come from? What role do the atoms play in the construction of the crystal? Finally, beyond aesthetics, can crystals - and crystallography - be useful to build tomorrow's society?

Hélène Crochemore Hélène Crochemore
Graphic designer and illustrator

Graphic designer and illustrator, Hélène Crochemore works mainly for publishing: book covers, layouts and typography. In parallel, she explores other fields such as abstract painting, travel books, illustration with a wide range of techniques (flat-design, engraving, graphite, collage, watercolor...).

Hélène Desaint Hélène Desaint
Violonist

Inspired by the dialogue with performers and composers, Hélène Desaint is naturally drawn to chamber music and the contemporary repertoire - two paths that she has carved out for herself since her formative years. After starting out in Paris and then in Gennevilliers, she entered the CNSMD in Lyon, where she was involved in numerous projects and collaborations with contemporary music. The rest of her career - the Musikhochschule of Lübeck and the Haute École de musique de Genève, where she obtained a master's degree as a soloist in 2011 - was marked by the teaching of Miguel da Silva. The residency at the Queen Elisabeth Music Chapel, which she concludes with the recording of a Schumann/Kurtág disc released in November 2018 (Fuga Libera-Outhere), offered her, new and fruitful musical encounters. In February 2019, the recording of a box set Ysaye ( String Trio "the Chimay") is awarded a diapason d'or. Hélène Desaint participates in numerous programs hosted by the festivals of the Orangerie de Sceaux, Saintes, Flagey, Savonlinna, La Roque d'Anthéron, Musikfest Goslar, Musiques démesurées, Musique à l'Empéri, Musica, Grame or Présence, where she performs with, among others, Augustin Dumay, Louis Lortie, the quartets Voce, Psophos, Akilone, Ronald van Spaendonck and Gary Hoffman. In 2020, she recorded Olivier Greif's quintet, a recording that was awarded a Choc de Classica. Recently, she became principal viola of the orchestra Les Siècles under the direction of François-Xavier Roth.

Hervé Chneiweiss Hervé Chneiweiss
Neurologist

Hervé Chneiweiss is a neurologist and neuroscientist, MD-PhD, Research Director at the CNRS. He is currently head of the research centre Neuroscience Paris Seine (CNRS /Inserm/Sorbonne University). Trained as a neurologist (movement disorders, neurogenetics), his scientific work was mainly dedicated to the biology of astrocytes and in the recent period their roles in brain tumour origin, progression and plasticity, identifying new metabolic drivers and therapeutic avenues. He has authored more than 170 academic papers. He is also involved in bioethics, presently chair Inserm Ethics Committee (IEC) and UNESCO International Bioethics Committee, member WHO advisory committee on developing global standards for governance and oversight of human genome editing and vice-chair of ARRIGE, expert OECD for recommandation 457 on neurotechnology in health. He wrote several books or chapters on bioethics of human embryos, stem cells, genetics and neuroscience.


Conference : How does our brain build the world?
29 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34B

Our brain is not a camera, nor a hard disk, nor a computer. Everything in our brain is anticipation, calculation of gain expectation. Nothing is determined, everything is probability. Reason counts for little in the short term in the face of the emotion that guides our reactions. And we only perceive the world if we want to, that is to say that intention takes precedence over perception... in short: our brain constructs the world we perceive.


Signing : L'identité: Dictionnaire encyclopédique
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15
Signing : Le Cerveau en lumières
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15
Signing : Notre Cerveau
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15

Hervé Cottin Hervé Cottin
Astrochemist

Hervé Cottin is a professor at the University of Paris-Est-Créteil (UPEC) where he teaches chemistry and astronomy. He carries out research at the Interuniversity Laboratory of Atmospheric Systems (LISA). He is president of the French Astrobiology Society, vice-president of the "Astrobiology" commission of the IAU and in charge of the Space Campus of UPEC. His research work is mainly devoted to the study of the origin and evolution of cometary organic matter. He works to understand the extent to which comets could have contributed to the origin of life on Earth and what their composition tells us about the formation of the Solar System. His work is based on laboratory experiments and measurements made by the Rosetta space mission. They are complemented by studies in Earth orbit outside the International Space Station. Hervé Cottin contributed to the detection of glycine (the simplest of amino acids) and organic macromolecules in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. He is also part of the scientific team of the MOMA (Mars Organic Molecule Analyser) instrument, which the objective is to search for organic matter at the surface of Mars thanks to the Rosalind Franklin rover of the European ExoMars mission.


Conference : Were the bricks of life shaped in space?
30 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34A

The origin of life on Earth is a mystery. But this question does not escape science and its rational approach. All around the globe, researchers are trying to understand when and how, on our planet, but also perhaps elsewhere, chemistry becomes biology. Both transmutation and continuity in the evolution of matter, the origin of life requires interdisciplinary insights, coming from chemistry and biology of course, but also from geology, physics, astronomy... Among other scenarios, one may be seen as a surprise: it could be that it was in space that the molecules whose chemistry led to the appearance of life were synthesized. This chemistry could have been initiated before the formation of the solar system, more than 4.5 billion years ago. Interstellar molecular clouds, comets, (micro)meteorites, and finally the cradle of a young blue planet, these are the stages of this story which finally leads to life. Thus, terrestrial life, and also perhaps on other planets, could be the heir of a long chemical line, at the end of a journey of several light years in space and over several billion years in time.

Hervé Fischer Hervé Fischer
Artist and multimedia philosopher

Multimedia artist and philosopher Hervé Fischer initiated Sociological art in1971 and practices since 2011 tweet art and tweet philosophy. His work has been presented in numerous art museums and biennales. The Centre Pompidou has devoted to him a retrospective Hervé Fischer and sociological art in 2017. Pioneer of the digital revolution in Quebec, he cofounded the Cité des arts et des nouvelles technologies de Montréal in 1985, the first Cybercafé in Canada, the Télescience Festival, Science for All. His research focuses on art, sociology of colors, the digital revolution , social imagination, hyperhumanism. He created the Quebec Media lab Hexagram. He is the author of many books including Théorie de l’art sociologique (1977), L’Histoire de l’art est terminée (1981), Digital Shock (2002), CyberProméthée, l’instinct de puissance (2003), La planète hyper, de la pensée linéaire à la pensée en arabesque (2004), The Decline of the Hollywood Empire (2005), La société sur le divan (2007), L’Avenir de l’art (2010), La divergence du futur (2014), La pensée magique du Net (2014), Market Art (2016), Les couleurs de l’Occident. De la Préhistoire au XXIe siècle (2019), L’Âge hyperhumaniste. Pour une éthique planétaire (2019). He is the founder of the International Society of Mythanalysis.


Conference : Can we build a theory of mythoanalysis?
29 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34B

Whereas psychoanalysis was built on listening to individual biographies, in search of our misfortunes, mythoanalysis attempts to build a sociological analysis of our collective imaginations. It seeks to identify and evaluate the myths we inhabit. It is not built on a scholarly search for the mythologies of societies' past, but on their most current myths. There is no more a collective unconscious (Jung) than an individual unconscious (Freud). Mythoanalysis cannot put societies on its divan. It is therefore in the culture of each society, its ideological beliefs (progress, democracy, ecology, individualism, economy, technoscience, digital, identity, globalisation, etc.), that it elucidates the founding configurations of our collective governance, which are also the matrices of our individual values. And it submits them to critical analysis. For everything that is real is fabulatory and everything that is fabulatory is real, but we must know how to choose our fabulations and avoid hallucinations. It does not aim to cure patients by reintegrating them into the value system of their society, but it questions these values according to whether our imaginings are hopeful (freedom) or toxic (posthumanism). And it analyses the stages of construction of our fabulatory faculties, postulating that it is not the child who comes into the world, but the world that comes to the child reducing him to imagining this world, at first without concept (in-fans), according to his emotions and the influence of society.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?


Signing : La Pensée Magique du Net
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : La divergence du futur
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : Les couleurs de l'Occident: De la Préhistoire au XXIᵉ siècle
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15

Hugo Altinok Hugo Altinok
Student in electrical engineering and industrial computing

Hugo Altinok is a student in a tri-national DUT in electrical engineering and industrial computing in Alsace, Germany and Switzerland. He has a strong interest in the railway field and its problems.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

Isabel Marcos Isabel Marcos
Semiotician, architect and urban planner

Isabel Marcos is Research Director of CFCUL - Centro de Filosofia das Ciências, FCSH at the Universidade Nueva de Lisboa. She received her PhD in Semiotics (1996) from the University of Aarhus, Denmark, and her PhD in Communication Sciences (2000) from the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal. She is Vice President of the International Association of Visual Semiotics (AISV) and member of the Executive Committee of the World Association of Semiotics (IASS) - National Representative of Portugal. Her main publications are: Semiotics of Space | Spaces of Semiotics (2021), Space, Semiotics and Cognition (2014); The Semiotics of Space-Time in the Face of Accelerating History (2013), Dynamics of the City. Essays in the semiotics of space (2007). In addition, she is the author of about a hundred articles, in journals, book chapters, conference proceedings, and Guest Editor, such as the journal Degrés (Visual Semiotics), Aracne (Spatial Semiotics), Springer and Peter Lang (Dynamic Semiotics).


Conference : Is the semiotics of space a design tool in architecture?
29 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 24

The choice of the concept that generates the project is, for many authors (Levy, Boudon, Prost, Gromort,...) the anchor point of any architectural conception. In the artistic domain (architectural or pictorial) the concept designates the overall conception of a work. The concept of the architectural project is for the architect the red thread of his project strategy and the element that allows him to reconstitute, to analyze, to question his own creative path. The "concept" is the element from which the architect chooses, takes a position, takes sides! According to Robert Prost, the concept is an integrating element of a multitude of components inherent to the totality of the project. The notion of integrating concept of the architectural design is not dissociable from a process of architectural design, but that poses the problem of integration of these various components which constitutes it. The semiotics of space with its tools allows to perceive its various components and its rules of integration of the architectural design.

Isabelle Gallagher Isabelle Gallagher
Professor of Mathematics

Isabelle Gallagher is Professor of Mathematics at the Université Paris Cité and at the École Normale Supérieure de Paris. Her research focuses on the analysis of Partial Differential Equations. She received her PhD from the University Pierre et Marie Curie in 1998. Her thesis, supervised by Jean-Yves Chemin, was on fluid dynamics. From 1998 to 2004, she was a CNRS research fellow at the University of Paris-Sud and then at the École Polytechnique. In 2004, she became a professor at the University of Paris-Diderot, where she was head of the Mathematics Department from 2013 to 2017. In 2018 and 2019, she directed the Department of Mathematics and Applications at the École normale supérieure (Paris). Since 2019, she has been the director of the Fondation Sciences Mathématiques de Paris. She was a speaker at the European Congress of Mathematics in 2012, and the World Congress of Mathematics in 2014. She has obtained the CNRS silver medal in 2016, and the Sophie Germain Prize of the Academy of Sciences in 2018.


Conference : Can we build an equation that would have as a solution the temperature in Paris tomorrow?
30 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 24

To forecast tomorrow's weather, we can use several approaches: one is statistical (compare to past weather situations similar to today's, and deduce the future weather with high probability), another is deterministic: the quantities governing the weather (temperature, pressure, etc.) are subject to the main principles of physics and verify equations, which must therefore be constructed and then solved. In this talk we will discuss the relevance of this approach, both from the point of view of the possibility of writing such an equation, and of finding a solution.

Jacques Arnould Jacques Arnould
Ehics expert

Jacques Arnould is an engineer in agronomy and forestry, with a Ph.D. in History of Sciences as well as a Ph.D. in Theology. He researches the interrelation between sciences, cultures, and religions, with a particular interest in two areas: life sciences and space exploration. With respect to the first area, he has written several books on the historical and theological dimensions of the life sciences, with a special emphasis on evolution. With respect to the conquest of space, since 2001 he has served as ethics advisor to the Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES), the French space agency. Dr. Arnould has served as adjunct faculty with the International Space University since 2000, and he is an elected member of the International Academy of Astronautics. In 2004 he was awarded the Labruyère Prize from the Académie Française, and in 2011 the received the Audiffred Prize from the Académie des sciences morales et politiques. In addition to authoring numerous books in French, he has published Gene Avatars: The Neo-Darwinian Theory of Evolution (2002), God vs Darwin: Will the Creationists Triumph over Science? (2009), Icarus’ Second Chance: The Basis and Perspectives of Space Ethics (2011) and God, the Moon, and the Astronaut (2015).


Conference : Are we building our own dungeon?
30 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34A

Paul Virilio was a master glassmaker, but he was not satisfied with dressing with light the void dug in our buildings of stone and glass. His thought, as elegant as a gothic vault, as audacious as a concrete veil, scrutinized, criticized, analyzed our technical, social and political constructions down to their most hidden corners, their most fragile foundations, their most dangerous zones. He reminded us of the finiteness of our world, the dungeon of which Blaise Pascal spoke; he denounced the excesses of technology, the excesses of speed; he announced the accidents, the catastrophes to come. He also drew up plans to inhabit the void, to build the future. His motto was: "Nothing behind, everything ahead.


Signing : L'apocalypse du vide
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30

Jacques Perry-Salkow Jacques Perry-Salkow
Pianist and writer

Jacques Perry-Salkow is a pianist and author. He is a graduate of the Dick Grove School of Music in Los Angeles, and is a passionate lover of compelling literature. He has published, with Étienne Klein, Anagrammes renversantes ou Le Sens caché du monde (Flammarion, 2011); with Sylvain Tesson, Anagrammes à la folie (Équateurs, 2013; Pocket, 2015); with Raphaël Enthoven, Anagrammes pour lire dans les pensées (Actes Sud, 2016) and with Karol Beffa, Anagrammes à quatre mains (Actes Sud, 2018). He lives in Touraine.


Conference : Is anagramming an art of deconstruction-reconstruction?
1er juillet 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 34B

"Each word carries within it a secret, an extra meaning, something greater than its definition," writes Sylvain Tesson. Anagrams are the art of revealing these unsuspected messages, buried in the orthographic matrix. It is a reconstruction that carries a hidden meaning.


Signing : Anagrammes dans le boudoir
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Anagrammes renversantes
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Anagrammes à quatre mains
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h

Jade Bouchemit Jade Bouchemit
Deputy Director

Jade Bouchemit is Deputy Director of the Musée de la Musique of the Philharmonie de Paris. Prior to his current role, he held several positions in the cultural field such as Financial Operations Manager of the Fondation Cartier, General Manager of the Jeu de Paume, Editor-in-chief of Revue Oscillations or Cultural consultant. Lecturer at HEC business school, he also directed various talks about philosophy, music and art at CIPh, ENSBA, ENSAPC or iReMMO.


Conference : Is reality a construction of art?
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 34B

If the historical tradition retains above all of art its capacity to imitate, disguise or reveal the real, does it not also contribute to its creation? From the spaces that arrange it to the concepts that allow us to think about it, through the perception of its characteristics and the experimentation of its possibilities, isn't the real, as well as the access we have to it, shaped by the productions of art? From a selection of works borrowed from architecture, literature, painting or music, we will question the capacity of art to transform our singular relationship to reality and to build a completely new common reality.

Jean Audouze Jean Audouze
Astrophysicist

Jean Audouze is an astrophysicist and emeritus research director at the CNRS, assigned to the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (IAP). His research concerns nucleosynthesis, the chemical evolution of galaxies and cosmology. He was successively director of the IAP from 1978 to 1989, scientific advisor to President François Mitterrand from 1989 to 1993, president of the Etablissement Public du Parc et de la Grande Halle de la Villette from 1993 to 1996, director of the Palais de la découverte from 1998 to 2004, president of the scientific committee of the European Innovation and Research Fair from 2004 to 2009 and president of the French National Commission for UNESCO from 2010 to the end of 2014. In addition, he taught astrophysics at the Ecole Polytechnique from 1974 to 1989 and the culture of science from 1990 to 2008 at Sciences Po (Paris). Currently he is also an associate scientist at the Théâtre de la Ville de Paris and he chairs the association "Prévenance - Apprrenons à vivre ensemble". He is the author, alone or in collaboration with others, of more than 200 scientific publications and more than 20 popular science books.


Conference : How is the universe built?
29 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 34B

The Universe is structured at all scales. First, these different structures will be exposed. Then, we will focus on two of them, the star and the elementary particles. Finally, we will evoke the "Darwinism" of the construction of the Universe at all scales.


Signing : Les 100 mots de l'astronomie
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15
Signing : LumièreS
29 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Jean Bedez Jean Bedez
Artist

Jean Bedez graduated from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Art de Nancy and the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts de Paris in 2001. He trained in these two establishments, in drawing and sculpture, notably with Chen Zhen, whose assistant he became. The themes that run through his work are linked to the history of representations of political and religious power. He strives to dismantle and reveal, through his drawings and sculptures, the codes and conventions of image construction, and to propose representations of the contemporary world that function as modern allegories. It is first through a set of sculptures inspired by the dominant cultures of play, spectacle and power that he explores the relationships of domination in our societies. At the same time and in echo to this work of sculpture, he develops a work of drawing in which he prolongs his themes. While developing a work in tune with the times, he confronts the older techniques and know-how of the art of drawing. These recent works summon the stars and the first cartographic representations of the sky that he telescopes with the most recent space advances.


Conference : How to grasp the meaning of history through the deconstruction of images?
1er juillet 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34B

Jean Bedez will rely on the presentation of different series of drawings made between 2012 and 2021 to talk about construction in art. It is indeed for this artist to explore through the deconstruction and reconstruction of images belonging to different fields, our contemporary world. Whether they are historical, scientific or political, the images he collects and recomposes create a disruption of time that sheds light on the mechanisms of fabrication of dominant narratives. Invoking different eras and currents of art history, these drawings are extremely referenced forming so many micro-narratives that show the long time of History and its rebound effects. Practice of stratification, of the piling up of times and spaces, these works present recomposed spaces mixing heterogeneous places, propose temporal telescopings (medieval maps and space missions), summon myths and constellations, the time of the history of cities and arts (antiquity, renaissance, XVIIIth, contemporary times); finally the chaos of the demiurgic world through the suspended and frozen time of catastrophes.

Jean-Jacques Bahain Jean-Jacques Bahain
Geologist and prehistorian

Geologist and prehistorian by training, Jean-Jacques Bahain is a professor at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in the UMR 7194 "Histoire naturelle de l'Homme Préhistorique". He has devoted most of his career to establishing the geochronological framework of human evolution through the dating of geological and archaeological sites. A specialist in electron spin resonance dating, he uses this method, alone or in association with other methods, to specify the chronology of the first human occupations in Eurasia through the study of geological systems and deposits of regional reference, in order to better characterize and understand the successive phases of human, animal and plant settlements and migrations, and to place the archaeological sequences within the same global chronostratigraphic framework. Its research activities are based firstly on a stratigraphic field approach, fundamental in Paleolithic archaeology, and secondly on a solid laboratory experience in the field of geochronology and physico-chemical characterization of sediments and materials from Quaternary geological or archaeological deposits. This work is carried out all over the world and has been the subject of more than 200 scientific publications.


Conference : How is the chronological framework of human evolution constructed?
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 34B

The development of physico-chemical dating methods has considerably modified our vision of the chronology of our planet's history and of the major stages that have marked it, in particular over the period covering the last few million years during which the hominid lineage evolved. Scientists now have at their disposal a wide range of methods that can be applied to the dating of many types of materials in various chronological domains: radiometric or radioisotopic methods, directly based on the quantification of radioactive decay or growth phenomena; paleo-dosimetric methods, using the sample as a dosimeter that has recorded the dose of radiation it has received since the event we are trying to date; chemical methods, based on incorporation or evolution kinetics; physical methods, such as, for example, those based on the study of variations in the intensity and direction of the Earth's magnetic field. All these techniques, in addition to naturalist, stratigraphic, paleontological and paleoenvironmental methods, which are strongly linked to the knowledge of the study area under consideration, thus provide reference points that are often crucial in the interpretation of deposits and in the construction of the chronology of their emplacement and evolution.

Jean-Louis Israël Jean-Louis Israël
Layer

Jean-Louis Israël is an attorney at the Paris Bar. He holds a DEA in general private law from the University of Paris II, Panthéon-Assas, a DESS in common market law from the University of Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne and a degree in History and Geography from the University of Paris X Nanterre.

Jean-Luc Bertini Jean-Luc Bertini
Photographer

Professional photographer for more than twenty years and journalist since 2007, Jean-Luc Bertini works with a large number of titles of the French press (L'Obs, Le Monde, Elle, Géo, 180°C, Le Figaro Magazine, L'Express, Marianne, Libé, Citizen K, Rolling Stone...), while also developing several long term projects, the latest of which - Américaines Solitudes (Actes Sud, 2020) - the result of 10 years of work, was exhibited at the last Rencontres de la Photographie de Arles. In addition, Jean-Luc collaborate with French and foreign publishers as well as institutions such as the BNF or Green Peace.

Jean-Luc Pérez Jean-Luc Pérez
Architect

Founder of the Atelier Pérez/Prado, Jean-Luc Pérez is a member of the French Academy of Architecture and a member of the French Society of Architects. His activity in Paris and Marseille covers all the fields of architecture necessary to the city. His design work is oriented towards a search for modernity specific to each context, taking into account the memory of places and communities. Concerned about the use value of its buildings, the Atelier Pérez/Prado aims at a reasoned improvement of lifestyles, convinced that public interest values participate in the creation of the living environment. For the agency, the revolution induced by climate change is part of the history of architecture as are the great human events. It is not a question of taking it into account in a passive way as an umpteenth administrative constraint of the art of building but of converting it into a new projectual approach, creating new forms. We owe him in particular the modernization of the hospital of La Timone as well as the reconversion of offices into 120 residences of Initial-Prado in Marseille. Atelier Pérez/Prado is the winner of the French Pavilion at the 2020 Dubai World Expo.


Conference : What is built when a building is constructed today?
29 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 24

To build seems both simple and complex to define. It is to realize something, a building, a work, according to a determined plan. It is not just accumulating objects or materials: one must have a plan, an intention, a project. It is the most common human activity after biological functions. Building is almost natural since childhood. It concerns the hand, the brain and, let's say it, the heart. In any case, something that has to do with pleasure. In the world of building, this representation brings out the three actors who define our living environment: the builder, the engineer and the architect. Each one in his role (the know-how, the solid and the beautiful), contributes to the making of the sense of the construction. None of them is irresponsible of what is produced. At a time of climatic urgency, how to apprehend what is built? What does progress in construction consist of today? How to envisage the new city? What could be a new architecture that responds to the challenges of the state of the planet and whose buildings are in line with the old city? No production (material, structure, architecture) can avoid this questioning.


Signing : Le pavillon français Dubaï
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15

Jean-Marie Metzler Jean-Marie Metzler
Engineer

Jean-Marie Metzler, an X-Ponts engineer, has spent a large part of his professional life at the SNCF, where he joined in 1967. After his first operational positions in the regions (Equipment and Traction Establishment, Equipment Workshop, Operations Division), he joined the Equipment Department as head of maintenance for the SNCF's engine equipment, then for the construction and commissioning of the TGV Sud Est equipment. He then became director of the railway branch of the Jeumont-Schneider Group. In 1987, he took over the management of the SNCF's Passenger Division until 1994, when he became a marketing expert for the Italian railroads. In the meantime, he created the SNCF's telecom subsidiary, and in 1997 he led the entry of Vivendi-SFR into its capital. Managing Director of Cegetel SFR until 2004, he returned to the railways as an expert for SNCF International (Korea, Saudi Arabia, Russia ...), Keolis subsidiary of SNCF (UK, Germany ...). From 2017 to 2022, he returned to telecoms by actively participating in the work related to the digital transformation of the SNCF Group, through that of its telecommunications network.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

Jean-Paul Delahaye Jean-Paul Delahaye
Mathematician

Jean-Paul Delahaye is Professor Emeritus at the University of Lille and a researcher at the CRISTAL laboratory (Centre de recherche en informatique signal et automatique de Lille, UMR CNRS 9189). His work focuses on sequence transformation algorithms (Thesis), on the use of logic in Artificial Intelligence (expert systems, Prolog language), on the computational theory of games (iterated games, simulation of social systems, study of cooperation), and on algorithmic information theory (Kolmogorov complexity theory, computational centent) with applications to bioinformatics and finance. He is currently working on cryptographic currencies and "blockchain technology". He is also interested in ethical issues in science and was a member of the CNRS Ethics Committee (COMETS) from 2016 to 2021. He has supervised 20 theses. He is the author 22 books, some of which are intended for a wide public. In 1998, he received the Prix d'Alembert from the Société Mathématique de France and, in 1999, the Prix Auteur de la Culture scientifique from the Ministry of National Education and Research. He writes the monthly column Logique et calcul (6 pages) in the journal Pour la science (French version of Scientific American). He also runs a blog (http://www.scilogs.fr/complexites/) dedicated to "Complexities".


Conference : Is it true that in mathematics one can build everything from nothing?
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 34A

The empty set, ø, - that is to say "nothing"- is a basic being in mathematics. It gives rise to a set with one element, {ø}, but also to a set with two elements {ø, {ø}}. Of course the mathematician does not stop there. All the integers can be constructed in this way from one element to another. They are called John von Neumann's integers. This is only the beginning of a series of constructions, where we will meet the transfinite numbers, and a little later the surreal numbers of John Conway. All that the mathematician needs is finally built with "nothing". What does this strange ontology mean?


Signing : Le fascinant nombre pi
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Les mathématiciens se plient au jeu
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h
Signing : Pythagore à la plage
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h

Jean-Philippe Lenclos Jean-Philippe Lenclos
Colour designer, visual artist, colour researcher

Jean-Philippe Lenclos, colour designer, visual artist, colour researcher, Professor Emeritus of the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (EnsAD), and founder and former director of Atelier 3D Couleur in Paris was awarded the Ordre des Arts et Lettres as a Chevalier by the French Ministry of Culture for his significant contributions to the arts. He developed a ground-breaking methodology, The Geography of Colour, and has given invited lectures worldwide. His books have received numerous prizes and have been translated into several languages. His works have been exhibited in various countries and 170 of his works are included in the Collection du Centre Pompidou in Paris. Jean-Philippe Lenclos has inspired several generations through his example, excellency, and seminal contributions to the world of colour in urban planning and design, environmental colour design, architecture, industry, product design, art, research, and education. Lenclos received the AIC CADE 2021 Award for Color in Art, Design and Environment by International Colour Association.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?

Jean-Philippe Uzan Jean-Philippe Uzan
Cosmologist

Jean-Philippe Uzan is director of research in theoretical physics at the CNRS. Specialist in gravitation and cosmology, he works at the Paris Institute of Astrophysics. He was deputy director of the Institut Henri Poincaré from 2013 to 2017. He has published more than a hundred research papers on many aspects of cosmology, from the most theoretical to the interpretation of the most recent observations. He received the Paul Langevin Prize (2010) and the prestigious Georges Lemaître Prize (2015). He has taught for several years at the École normale supérieure de Paris and the École des mines de Paris, as well as in international thematic schools. He has been collaborating with the University of Cape Town in South Africa for the past 15 years. In 2017, he publishes The Secret Harmony of the Universe and Big Bang in 2018.


Conference : How was the big-bang model constructed?
30 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 34B

The big-bang theory, aimed at describing the Universe and its history, is an extraordinary scaffolding that has upset our representation of the cosmos, of space and time. In the words of Georges Lemaître, "a truly complete cosmogony should explain atoms as well as suns". Finding its roots in Einstein's general relativity, cosmology has gradually incorporated all the physics of the 20th century - atomic, nuclear and quantum physics. It seeks to understand the diversity and structuring of matter. What are the main steps of this construction? What are the necessary ingredients for the construction of a scientific model? These are the questions we will address using the example of the big bang.


Table ronde : How is a precision measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 9h15

We don't think about it much, but units of measurement are omnipresent in our daily lives. Yesterday and today, measurements are at the heart of all human activities. In a globalized society, it is more than ever essential that measurements be recognized and traceable at the international level. Sport, medicine, commerce, industry, environment, aeronautics, artificial intelligence, there is no human activity without reliable measurements and universally accepted units. From high-precision metrological laboratories to everyday life, how is a precision measurement constructed? Which actors? What shared assumptions? Which evolutions to come? With the digital transformation, how does measurement integrate the new challenges of a world in full transformation?


Signing : Big bang: Comprendre l'univers depuis ici et maintenant
30 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45
Signing : Cosmologie primordiale
30 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45
Signing : L'harmonie secrète de l'Univers
30 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45

Jean-Pierre Bibring Jean-Pierre Bibring
Astrophysicist

Professor of physics at the University of Paris-Sud (Orsay) and astrophysicist at the Institute of Space Astrophysics, J-P B. was (and partly remains!) responsible for several space exploration programs of the solar system, supported by the CNES, in cooperation with several international space agencies: NASA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos. In particular, he contributed to the development of space instruments on the Phobos (USSR), Mars Express (ESA), Cassini (NASA), Hayabusa 2 (JAXA), Rosetta/Philae (ESA), ExoMars (ESA) missions. The measurements made by these missions have contributed to the renewal of the conceptions of formation and evolution of the objects of the solar system, and of the Earth in particular.


Conference : Can we build the history of the Earth and of life?
30 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 24

In the absence of binding observations, the history of the Earth and of living organisms has essentially been based on a dogmatic rather than scientific approach, according to the dominant theologies or ideologies. In an extraordinary fertility of multiple fields of research, major paradigm shifts are taking place; they give a new meaning to the concepts of evolution, by offering to contingencies to continuously counter the determinism of laws and codes. They seriously question the notions of origin, unification and genericity of processes and situations. The diversity that emerges from them is the basis of the profound cosmic uniqueness of the Earth and of living beings, which irrigate whole areas of social activity, well beyond the scientific sphere alone. They open tracks of great potentiality to face the planetary stakes of this century, and generate fabulous enchantments.

Jean-Pierre Luminet Jean-Pierre Luminet
Astrophysicist

Born in the south of France, Jean-Pierre Luminet spent a contemplative childhood practicing music, graphic arts and writing. He was also interested in mathematics and astronomy, and chose to follow a scientific path while pursuing his artistic and literary activities. Today, he is an astrophysicist at the Paris Observatory and at the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, director of research at the C.N.R.S., and his work on black holes and cosmology has made him famous worldwide. The asteroid (5523) Luminet is named after him as a tribute to his work. To his activities as a scientist, he adds those of an author who is in turn a poet, essayist and novelist in a protean work where science, history, music and art are linked. An Officer of Arts and Letters, he has published fifteen essays (L'univers chiffonné, Le Destin de l'univers, Illuminations, etc.) and seven novels (Les Bâtisseurs du Ciel, etc.), translated into a dozen languages. In poetry, he has published a dozen collections (Les Poètes et l'univers, Itinéraire céleste, La nature des choses, Un trou énorme dans le ciel, etc.), four artist's books, and numerous publications in magazines and anthologies.


Conference : How to build a black hole image?
30 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34B

The Event Horizon Telescope provided in April 2019 and May 2022 the first telescopic images of supermassive black holes located at the centers of the distant galaxy M87 and our own Milky Way galaxy, respectively, at an angular resolution comparable to that of their event horizon. Long before these remarkable achievements, made possible by very long baseline radio interferometry and heavy image reconstruction software from huge masses of data, theorists had used computers to reconstruct the appearance of a black hole surrounded by a luminous accretion disk from close-up views. The images undergo extraordinary optical deformations due to the deviation of the light rays produced by the strong curvature of space-time. General relativity allows to calculate such effects on the surrounding accretion disks. The almost perfect agreement between numerical simulations and telescopic images confirms that the laws of general relativity correctly describe black hole environments independently of their size.


Signing : Du piano aux étoiles
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30
Signing : Histoires extraordiniares et insolites d'astronomes
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30
Signing : L’écume de l’espace-temps
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30

Jean-Yves Choley Jean-Yves Choley
Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Jean-Yves Choley is Professor at ISAE-Supméca, member of Quartz laboratory, IS2M research team coordinator (Mechatronic and Multiphysic Systems Engineering). His main research domains are collaborative mechatronic design, model-based systems engineering (MBSE) and safety assessment (MBSA), multiphysics and tolerancing. He holds a PhD in engineering sciences from Ecole Centrale Paris (now CentraleSupélec) and gained industrial experience working for ARIANESPACE company in French Guyana. He is graduated in mechanical engineering from ENS Cachan (now ENS Paris-Saclay), France.


Conference : How to adapt the construction of complex technical systems in response to new global challenges?
1er juillet 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 24

The new systems currently designed by engineers for the needs and challenges of tomorrow must be designed with methodologies and tools deployed within a rigorous framework. These must take into account both issues related to the preservation of our planet and issues related to the increasing complexity and criticality of our technical systems.

Jérôme Lodewyck Jérôme Lodewyck
Researcher in metrology

Jérôme Lodewyck is a CNRS researcher at LNE-SYRTE, the French time-frequency metrology laboratory, located at Paris Observatory. He is developing optical lattice atomic clocks with strontium atoms, the latest generation of clocks that use an optical transition of cold atoms trapped in a light lattice as a frequency standard. He is particularly interested in the use of these clocks to calibrate international time scales, as well as in the manipulation of quantum entangled states to improve clock performance. He is an expert to the Consultative Committee for Time and Frequency of the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, and is involved in the process of redefining the second of the international system of units with optical clocks.


Conference : Can we build a universal unit of time?
1er juillet 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 34A

Far from the immutable framework of classical physics, time is now the object of experiment. High-precision atomic clocks, with 18 significant digits after the decimal point, make it possible to measure the slightest jolts in time, whether they come from general relativity, the Earth's gravitational irregularities, or the hypothetical dark matter that constantly passes through us. In this inconstant framework, how do theorists construct time? How do experimenters construct a universal unit of time, and how do they realize it to build the international atomic time scale? This talk will guide us into the cellars of the Paris Observatory, where researchers are constantly improving atomic clocks that use the quantum properties of ultra-cold atoms as an unperturbable "ticking clock".

Jian Ming Song Jian Ming Song
Professor at the Academy of Fine Arts

Jian Ming Song studied at the Chinese Academy of Fine Arts, the Shanghai Institute of Foreign Languages, French language, and the École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs, Paris. He is a full professor at the Chinese Academy of Fine Arts. In 1993 he established a Basic Color Theory and its systematic applications according to a set of standard color system. His research focuses on a customized service system for creative people to design products based on crowd-sourcing service. Since 2005 he has also been conducting research on urban color planning methods in China. He has established a Color Standard for Jiangnan style architecture. In the past 20 years, he has presided over hundreds of color plans for new and old cities, rural areas and islands, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an, Hangzhou, Chengdu TFNA, Chongqing, Jinan, Ningbo, Quanzhou, Wujin, Jiangyin, etc. He has also presided over the color design of the China Pavilion at the 2010 World Expo and a large number of public buildings, including the Hangzhou Metro and other large-scale park planning and design projects. He has published more than 150 articles on color and art in academic journals in Chinese and English, numerous books including Reading Macao Urban Color, Modern Design Department And Design Modeling Foundation, Color Design In France. He is the Chief Scientific Communication Expert of National Color Science of China Association of Science and Technology, Vice President of China Fashion Color Association, Vice Director of Graphic Design Art Committee of China Artists Association. He was Director of Art and Design, Hangzhou 2022 Asian Games Organizing Committee.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?

Jimmy Degroote Jimmy Degroote
PhD studient in philosophy of science

Jimmy Degroote is a PhD student in philosophy of science at the CNRS (ERC project "PHILIUMM") and at the SPHère laboratory (University of Paris). He holds a master's degree in political studies from EHESS and a master's degree in philosophy from the University of Panthéon- Sorbonne. He taught philosophy in high school for two years before turning to research. He is currently working on the problem of the applicability of mathematics to nature and is interested in the solutions that the philosophical and mathematical work of Leibniz allows to develop.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Jorge Cubo Jorge Cubo
Professor of paleontology

Jorge Cubo is a professor of paleontology at Sorbonne University. He completed his PhD on the biomechanical properties of bone constructs in birds at the University of Barcelona. He then did a post-doc at the University Pierre et Marie Curie on the significance (functional adaptation versus historical inheritance) of the histological diversity (tissue level) of bone constructs in tetrapods. He was appointed Associate Professor at Pierre et Marie Curie, where he applied statistical methods that take into account phylogeny (kinship relationships between organisms) to test his hypotheses on the significance of osteo-histological diversity. He has been interested in inferring paleobiological traits of extinct taxa using the histological structure of bone constructs since his appointment as a professor at Sorbonne University.

Photo credit: MNHN-Agnes Latzoura


Conference : Are the bone constructions a functional adaptation or a historical legacy?
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 24

Bone structures are made up of a matrix containing proteins (collagen) and minerals (hydroxyapatite). Within this matrix are pockets containing bone cells (osteocytes) and cavities containing blood vessels. These basic elements can be organized in very different ways, so that the organization of bone structures varies both during the growth of organisms (ontogeny) and during the evolutionary history of groups. The diversity of the organization of bone constructs will be illustrated with case studies taken from synapsids (a group that includes mammals), sauropsids (turtles, lizards, crocodiles, birds) and amphibians. A debate on the significance of this diversity (functional adaptation versus historical inheritance) was initiated in 1849 by J. Quecket and is still going on. Our research group has tried to shed some light on this issue by using statistical methods that take into account phylogeny (kinship relationships between organisms). Our results show that these factors are not mutually exclusive: the diversity in the organization of bone constructs is the result of both functional adaptations AND historical inheritance.

Joséphine Jobard Joséphine Jobard
Illustrator

With her literary high school diploma (baccalauréat) in hand, Joséphine joined the Ecole Boulle in 2016. After three years of study, just turning 21 years of age, she obtained her Diploma in Artistic Woodcarving (Diplôme des Métiers d’Art), with an innovative project mixing shadows and sculpture. From academic drawing, to comic strips, to sketchbooks and travel books; illustration is an important part of her everyday life.

Julien Marché Julien Marché
Mathematics teacher

Professor at Sorbonne University, Julien Marché is a specialist in low-dimensional topology and algebraic topology. More precisely, his research focuses on the interactions between topology in dimension 2 and 3 and some models of mathematical physics from quantum field theory.


Conference : How to build new topological spaces?
30 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 24

To the (meta-)physical question of knowing what is the shape of the universe in which we live, another one is immediately added: what are the possible shapes of universes? This is a key question of topology which has seen major contributions from Henri Poincaré (~1900 foundations), William Thurston (~1980 development) and Grigori Perelman (~2000 conclusion). In the same way that Alice passed through a mirror into the world of wonders, we can construct these other possible worlds by considering mirrors with more complex forms, those described by the theory of knots. We will see many examples of this in this talk.

Kristin Bartik Kristin Bartik
Professor of Organic Chemistry

Kristin Bartik is a professor at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) where she teaches organic chemistry, biological chemistry and molecular spectroscopy in the departments of chemical engineering and biomedical engineering of the engineering school. She holds a chemical engineering degree from ULB, a master's degree in food chemistry from Cornell University (USA) and a Ph.D. in applied sciences (ULB, U. Oxford) for research on the use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance to elucidate the structure of proteins. She leads a research group working in the field of physical organic chemistry and is particularly interested in molecular recognition processes in water. This has led to her interest in the role of water in the emergence of life.


Conference : Could life be built without water?
30 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 34A

Liquid water is an essential component of life as we know it today on Earth. Researchers interested in the origin of life, biological evolution, or the search for possible extraterrestrial life, naturally wonder about the relationship of necessity between life and liquid water. Solvents such as methane, ammonia or formamide are sometimes evoked as being able to support life. However, water is a solvent with unique physico-chemical properties and above all a remarkable structuring power, which makes it unlikely that life could come into being without it.

Lapin Lapin
Artist

Heir to a classical culture, Lapin evolves in an environment influenced by his architect father, a painter of the air passionate about Pop Art. He embraces early the active life in Paris, makes his artistic experiences in self-taught through travels. He breaks the barriers between noble and profane practices to establish his own framework of creation, in which he evolves in complete freedom. He sees no boundary between Nature and Technology, he seeks to depict the link that unifies all things through his avatar, the Rabbit. This character speaks of Man, deprived of his cultural framework, expressing himself through his postures and emotions. It is under the emblem of this animal, which allowed Fibonacci to discover the golden number, that Charles continues his quest for a formula to unify the Whole, the tragedy and the ridiculousness of our lives, their correspondences at all scales of the cosmos.

Laurence Honnorat Laurence Honnorat
CEO Innovaxiom

After a background in physical sciences, management and communication and fifteen years of experience in the industry, Laurence Honnorat presides over Innovaxiom, founded in 2007. Innovaxiom, a strategy consulting company, builds and implements projects in science. Laurence Honnorat is also at the origin of the creation in 2012 of Innovaxiom Corp, based in Boston. She is co-founder of the Out Of Atmosphere Foundation for space exploration. In 2016 Laurence created Weneedyourbrain.com, a network of scientific speakers, and in 2017 Icedmoment.com, an exhibition of online photographic collections. In 2018, she launches TimeWorldEvent, a world science congress, and in 2020, the general interest association Ideasinscience.com in response to the eponymous YouTube channel, created in 2011 and of which she is the producer. She works as a strategy consultant, particularly in industry, on issues related to anticipation and in higher education where she addresses the themes of idea emergence, communication and project management. In 2019, she received the Alexandre Ananoff prize from the Société Astronomique de France for her actions in favour of the valorisation of space culture.


Conference : Opening speeches
29 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34B

Laurent Mazliak Laurent Mazliak
Mathematician

Laurent Mazliak, lecturer and researcher at the LPSM at Sorbonne-University, began his career as a mathematician specializing in stochastic optimal control after defending a thesis under the supervision of Nicole El Karoui. In the early 2000s, he specialized in the history of mathematics, focusing on the emergence of modern probability in the first third of the 20th century. He has devoted numerous works to the effect of the First World War on the mathematical communities of the time and is the author of several books devoted to this question. His latest book, co-edited with his colleague Rossana Tazzioli, was published in 2021 by Springer and is devoted to the mathematical communities in the decade 1918-1928.


Conference : How to build a probabilistic scene in a hostile environment?
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34A

In 1928 the Henri Poincaré Institute opened in Paris thanks to the efforts of the mathematician Emile Borel and the support of the Rockefeller Foundation. The teaching and research on the mathematics of chance were placed by Borel at the center of the institute's activity, a result imposed by the French mathematicians in the face of indifference and even hostility towards a discipline accused of lack of seriousness. This historical account, based in large part on the results of Matthias Cléry's thesis, presents the way in which Borel became convinced of the importance of making up for the French lag with respect to other countries as regards the place of probability and statistics in the educational system, and elaborated the strategy that led to the creation of the IHP. We will also observe how the voluntarist functioning of the IHP has allowed it to become in ten years one of the main world places of reflection on this subject.

Léa Toulouse Florentin Léa Toulouse Florentin
Expert in contemporary art

Léa Toulouse Florentin has worked in the arts for over ten years in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. She obtained a Masters in Critical and Curatorial Studies and a Bachelor of Arts in Art History and First Nations Studies at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. She worked in museums, galleries, universities, and start-ups to develop her career in the art market all over the world. One of her accomplishments was to curate an exhibition at Winsor Gallery in Vancouver, Canada, featuring six contemporary First Nations women artists with a focus on Indigenous matriarchy, also the subject of her academic research. Today she works directly within the art market in the world of online contemporary art sales in Paris.


Conference : How to build a Native American art exhibition?
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 24

The aim of this talk is to illustrate, in detail, each part of the process of mounting an exhibition with a focus on Indigenous contemporary art as the subject. Starting with the initial concept, to the research and development of an exhibition. Through the work of the artists featured in my research and my selection of accompanying postcolonial scholarship I hope to raise questions about the role of Indigenous women in decolonization and self-determination, and the discourses surrounding these theories and praxes in a contemporary context. This will be carried out by looking at the artists through a particular framework that consists firstly of a matriarchal and sovereign lens, secondly through cultural resurgence, and thirdly through the act of art and exhibition creation as a political performance. The exhibition process, from start to finish, plays an integral role in the construction of an exhibition and the way the content is portrayed.

Louise Delange Louise Delange
Illustrator

Since her childhood Louise’s studies have been guided by handcrafts and her drawing skills. In 2016 she enters the ESAA Boulle, in Paris, where she spent three years, and recently graduated in chair making. She is currently pursuing her desires of learning and experimenting new techniques through a training in casting and modeling. In parallel she is developing personal projects about drawing, ceramics, botany… keeping a curious eye on intellectual and everyday sciences.

Maguelonne Chambon Maguelonne Chambon
R&D Director

Maguelonne Chambon is the R&D Director of the Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais (LNE). LNE leads French metrology, defining a national metrology strategy and coordinating a network of 10 laboratories at the highest scientific level in metrology (including laboratories at CEA, CNAM and the Paris Observatory). Since January 1, 2022, Maguelonne Chambon is also the new president of the EMPIR Committee (European Metrology Programme for Innovation and Research), and in fact one of the two vice-presidents of EURAMET.


Table ronde : How is a precision measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 9h15

We don't think about it much, but units of measurement are omnipresent in our daily lives. Yesterday and today, measurements are at the heart of all human activities. In a globalized society, it is more than ever essential that measurements be recognized and traceable at the international level. Sport, medicine, commerce, industry, environment, aeronautics, artificial intelligence, there is no human activity without reliable measurements and universally accepted units. From high-precision metrological laboratories to everyday life, how is a precision measurement constructed? Which actors? What shared assumptions? Which evolutions to come? With the digital transformation, how does measurement integrate the new challenges of a world in full transformation?

Manuel Gaulhiac Manuel Gaulhiac
PhD student in musicology

Manuel Gaulhiac is a PhD student in musicology at Sorbonne-Université in Paris. He works on harmonic descriptors and acoustic modeling of harmonic phenomena. He graduated from the École Polytechnique in fundamental mathematics, and obtained the master Atiam (Acoustics, Signal Processing and Computer Science Applied to Music) of the Ircam (a French institute of research in musicology and acoustics) as well as the master in musicology of the Sorbonne, which he devoted to the music of Alfred Schnittke. Manuel Gaulhiac is also a pianist and a music critic for the Bachtrack website.

Marie-Christine Lemardeley Marie-Christine Lemardeley
Deputy Mayor of Paris

Marie-Christine Lemardeley is Deputy Mayor of Paris in charge of higher education, research and student life. A former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure, she is an Agrégée in English and a Doctor of State. Her work focuses on contemporary American literature (twentieth and twenty-first centuries), poetry, fiction (novels and short stories), autobiographical writing, women's literature, linguistics and literature.


Conference : Opening speeches
29 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34B

Marie Lacomme Marie Lacomme
PhD in Philosophy of Science

Marie Lacomme is a PhD student in philosophy of science at the Sphère laboratory (University of Paris). She holds a master's degree in philosophy from the University of Panthéon-Sorbonne. She has also studied evolutionary biology at the UPMC and the MNHN, and has done research internships in primatology (MNHN). Her research focuses on the place given to human beings in relation to other animal species, and in particular to other primate species, both in the natural sciences and in the humanities and social sciences.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Marion Cossin Marion Cossin
Engineer researcher

Marion Cossin is a research engineer at the Centre de recherche d'innovation et de transfert en Art du Cirque (CRITAC). She holds a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from the Université de Montréal. D. in biomedical engineering from the University of Montreal and a master's degree in mechanical engineering from Polytechnique Montreal. Her research focuses on the interaction between circus equipment design and acrobatic performance.


Conference : How to build the circus equipment of the future?
1er juillet 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34A

Circus artists and companies create dazzling shows that push the boundaries of what is possible, thanks to the circus equipment that plays a major role in their creations. Equipment is part of the collective imagination and is essential to circus practice because it allows acrobatic movement. Faced with the technological advances in sports equipment, particularly in materials, is circus equipment following the same trajectory? In reality, circus equipment represents more than a material object. It is a real performance tool and artistic work, allowing the construction of ideas, numbers or circus shows, and this can be achieved through a dialogue between scientists and artists. Is the circus of the future to be found in co-creation? How can transdisciplinary approaches help in the co-construction of future circus shows?

Matthieu Faury Matthieu Faury
Plastic artist

Committed artist and sensitive to contemporary issues, Matthieu Faury exploits a personal universe where peplum, Darwinian bestiary, deformed architectures and desire for nature are mixed. His artistic practice mixes drawing, sculpture, installation and performance. He draws his inspiration from literature, history and anthropology, but also from evolutionary biology (Darwinism), primatology and neuroscience. Working in a wide range of formats (object, statuary, monumental), mediums (ceramic, stone, metal alloys, resins, etc.) and techniques (modeling, carving, casting, numerically controlled tools, etc.), he produces works and exhibitions both for the private space of the gallery and for the public space. He is interested in the way works and exhibitions are constructed and the narrative that surrounds them. He creates by producing variations, mutations (of forms and meanings), hybridizations (human - animal - vegetable - mineral). His approach aims at enriching statuary with new figures carrying new meanings, in phase with the myths, dreams and also the nightmares of our time. He has conceived a number of outstanding projects, notably around the dialogue between contemporary art and heritage (Le casque d'Apollon, Bêtes monstres & bestioles, Le château-Cœur) and on themes articulating art and ecology (Le triomphe de Sapiens, Faim du monde, Cœur de primate, Totem & Lichen, les Écorcés, etc). His latest works explore the notion of continuum and symbiosis between the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms.


Conference : Do contemporary artists dream of building cathedrals?
1er juillet 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 24

The visual artist Matthieu Faury explores the links between art and construction through his own creations: from construction as a making of to construction as a subject of representation, he studies the stages of artistic creation and questions the myths and realities that surround the creative process.


Signing : Ecce Gorilla
1er juillet 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Maxime Abolgassemi Maxime Abolgassemi
Professor and Writer

Maxime Abolgassemi teaches literature and general culture in preparatory classes at the lycée Chateaubriand in Rennes. He holds a doctorate in literature (University of Paris-Sorbonne) and an agrégé in modern literature, as well as a master's degree in theoretical physics (University Pierre-et-Marie-Curie). His work focuses on the "objective chance" of the Surrealists, the notion of counterfiction that he introduced, and democratic transparency (to which he is devoting a forthcoming book). In 2017, he published Nuit persane, a first novel that immerses the reader in Tehran in the last years before the Iranian Revolution.


Conference : How is Transparency built?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 34A

The question of "how transparency is constructed" is very interesting. The architectural image immediately comes to mind, since the pure and translucent aesthetics of glass have conquered the world. The same is true for the meaning of "trust", which requires the State, companies and even all citizens to make an effort to be sincere and open to the public. But let's continue: we always build according to a plan, it is a whole underground logic that makes the construction rise. Besides, how else can we link the glass tower and the open data of good governance? We then discover the system that supports so many varied and daily phenomena, that I call "Democratic Transparency", and that I invite you to uncover together...

Maxime Guyot Maxime Guyot
Journalist and Videographer

Passionate about travel, extreme sports and cinema, Maxime Guyot is a journalist specialized in video. After studying Foreign Languages and Civilizations at INALCO, his love for documentaries and beautiful images led him to the European Institute of Journalism where he obtained a master's degree in Investigation and Major Reports. His curiosity led him to work for many editorial offices (France 2, M6, Voyages...) and to collaborate on news, music and adventure programs. Today he aspires to tell his own stories, guided by the desire to transmit an emotion, always through the lens.

Michel Albert-Vanel Michel Albert-Vanel
Colour specialist, colour designer

Colour specialist, colour designer in the textile industry, colouring of six oil refineries. Artist, Michel Albert-Vanel was a researcher at the Ecole Polytechnique de Paris in computer image, professor at ENSAD, founder of the Couleur-Lumière group, in charge of the theme of Light at the Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie de La Villette. President of the Centre Français de la Couleur, he was a member of the AIC Executive Committee for 4 years. Founder of the French Federation of Colour, he is responsible for the realisation of La Boîte à Lumière - Machine to permute colours in the image -, the Grand Orgue Chromatique for the show. He has given more than 200 conferences throughout the world, and designed a television series broadcast in Quebec and the U.S.A. He is the author of numerous articles and books on colour, including "Système Planétaire des Couleurs" Color Messenger 2017, and "Des couleurs pour nos écoles", CFC and Ministère de l'Education.


Table ronde : Is it still relevant to construct geometric representations of color sets?
1er juillet 2022, 11h30

We have all learned to oppose the colors on a circle. Theorists have arranged them on triangles, spheres, cubes. Discovering little by little their complexity according to innumerable parameters (size, saturation, background, texture, supports, lightings, movement, reflections, etc.) and measuring their frequencies, we envisaged other typologies and modes of identification (numbering of samples, chromatology supposedly universal), then with the development of data processing, virtual solids with five or ten dimensions to take account of all the determinants. This quest for visual representation of color systems has become so complex, that it is no longer usable in social uses (plastics, car bodies, textile dyes, creams and makeup powders, etc.) And this is without counting the symbolic meanings of colors, the living environments, the fashions, which vary according to cultures and times. Our imaginations change our chromatic sensibilities. So what can you do to master the language of colors when you are a fashion designer, a furniture designer, to choose the color of pharmaceutical pills, of an apartment building?

Michel Viso Michel Viso
Exobiologist

Michel Viso was a veterinarian for many years. He enrolled in Alfort Veterinary School in 1980 and the National Institute of Agronomical Research in 1981. He was chosen to be an astronaut by the French space agency, CNES, in 1985. He collaborated on the RHESUS Project in cooperation with NASA. His prospects of traveling to space evaporated in 1993 when NASA ended the project. He then went on to ensure scientific responsibility in animal physiological and biological space experiments performed in cooperation with the United States, Russia, and other partners. In 2004, CNES named him to the position of scientific manager for Exobiology, in preparation for French participation in the European project Exomars and future exploration missions in the solar system, including new projects on sample returns from Mars in the 2030s. He represents the CNES on COSPAR’s Panel for Planetary Protection. In June 2021, Michel Viso becomes Innovaxiom's scientific advisor.


Conference : Can you build a space mission in your garage?
30 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 24

In progress


Table ronde : How is a precision measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 9h15

We don't think about it much, but units of measurement are omnipresent in our daily lives. Yesterday and today, measurements are at the heart of all human activities. In a globalized society, it is more than ever essential that measurements be recognized and traceable at the international level. Sport, medicine, commerce, industry, environment, aeronautics, artificial intelligence, there is no human activity without reliable measurements and universally accepted units. From high-precision metrological laboratories to everyday life, how is a precision measurement constructed? Which actors? What shared assumptions? Which evolutions to come? With the digital transformation, how does measurement integrate the new challenges of a world in full transformation?

Milan Garcin Milan Garcin
Doctor in art history

Milan Garcin holds a PhD in art history (University of Paris-Nanterre & Ecole du Louvre) and is a specialist in the work of British painter Francis Bacon. He has curated several exhibitions focusing on the collective imagination, mythology and transchronological approaches to art, including Pierre et Gilles, La fabrique des idoles (2019, Musée National de la Musique - Philharmonie de Paris) and Ulysse: voyage dans une Méditerranée de légendes (2021, HDE Var). He also teaches art history and participates in various research projects (Chair of Philosophy in the Hospital, CNAM / GHU Paris).


Conference : Is art history a construction of the mind?
30 juin 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 34A

This intervention will question the history of art as a scientific method: can we envisage an objective vision of the history of art, beyond the distance of the works of our time, from our point of view, and beyond the diversity of its objects, its zones of production, its forms and the value that artists throughout the world confer on it? Are our ways of considering art history dependent on our culture? What does art history as we practice it have to do with the truth of the works? Is it even possible to find alternatives to this mental construction? Starting with the concrete example of a study of the dating of Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise published in 2014, we will explore these questions in order to question our practices and our point of view towards art, as well as the tools at our disposal to deconstruct our gaze.

Mioara Mandea Mioara Mandea
Head of the Science Coordination Department

Mioara Mandea is currently Head of the Science Coordination Department at the Strategie Directorate at Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales in Paris (French Space Agency). Over recent decades, she has been involved in many activities of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (both Secretary General and President), European Geosciences Union (General Secretary and Chair of Outreach Committee), American Geophysical Union (Chair of Education Award Committee), International Space Science Institute (Chair of Science Committee), Commission for the Geological Map of the World (President of the Sub-commission of Geophysical maps), to name the most important. Mioara Mandea has published some176 peer-reviewed publications, 22 books and chapters in books, with important contributions to Encyclopedia and Treatises, proceedings and reports (70). All together Mioara Mandea’s publication list reaches 268 publications. She has also led several multi-partner research projects or work packages within projects at different national and EU levels. She has tutored PhD students from many countries around the world. Mioara Mandea is a member of the Academy of Romanian Scientists, Academia Europea, Académie Royale de Belgique, the Russian Academy of Science, and recently of Bureau des Longitudes and European Academy of Science. She received the International Award of AGU, the Petrus Peregrinus medal of EGU, the prestigious French “Ordre National de Mérite”, Honorary Citizen of Comanesti (Romania) and Emil Wiechert medal (Germany).


Conference : How is a model of the earth's magnetic field constructed?
30 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 24

The word magnetism is intrinsically linked to the magnet, a name that has always intrigued mankind due to its natural properties. It was only much later, four centuries ago, that a relationship was established between the magnet and the earth's magnetism. That the earth's magnetic field changes from place to place and that it evolves over time is not new. During the 20th century, research on the Earth's magnetic field and its variations has highlighted the complexity of this phenomenon, which has its origins both within our planet and in the Earth-Sun environment. Its fluctuations are numerous and have very different durations ranging from one second to several decades. For more than two decades, satellite observations have contributed to the monitoring of these changes. But specialists have not yet decoded all the information that continues to cause controversy. An overview of the questions of yesterday and today related to terrestrial magnetism and the need to understand its behavior, can shed light on its role in the evolution of our Planet. For this, it is necessary to build models of the Earth's magnetic field and its temporal variations.

Nathanaël Jarrassé Nathanaël Jarrassé
Robotics researcher

Nathanaël Jarrassé, CNRS research fellow at the ISIR (Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics) of Sorbonne University. He is a specialist in human-robot physical interaction, and in rehabilitation and assistance robotics. His research focuses on the development of technologies for the disabled, but also on the ethical, legal and social issues that they raise


Conference : Can robotics allow us to (re)build the human body?
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 34A

At the dawn -supposed or fantasized- of the era of cyborgs, the objective of this intervention will be to question the question of the repair of the human body. From a state of the art of the latest advances in the field of prostheses and robotic assistance, a reflection will be proposed on the possibilities (or impossibilities) of repairing the body and the "self" that these technologies can offer, from a functional, psychological or social point of view.

Norbert Hillaire Norbert Hillaire
Professor Emeritus in Art and Communication Sciences

Norbert Hillaire is professor emeritus at the University of Nice (art and media sciences), where he directed the Art/communication/language department. He chairs the association Les murs ont des idées, which specialises in design and prospective reflection on collective spaces and the city of the future. His research aims at a "retroprospective" of the problems posed by the rise of digital technologies and networks in art and culture, but also in the urban landscape and territories. They question the links between old and new techniques, the great ruptures of modernity and the relationships between art, craft and industry (in particular around the theme of repair).


Conference : XXI° century, century of Reparation?
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34A

The 20th century was, for better or for worse, the child of the cursed problem/solution couple (until the final solution), and tragically experienced the alternation of construction and destruction.
We are entering the 21st century without the walls erected by History to hinder our belief in progress having been knocked down, as if we were entering the future backwards, because we have to repair the broken pots of the 20th century that still litter the insecure ground of our certainties and our land. This curiously reminds us of Paul Klee's Angel of History, who accompanied Walter Benjamin all his life, and whose wings are caught in a storm that prevents him from moving forward , while at his feet the ruins accumulate. For Benjamin, this storm is the other name for Progress. Will the 21st century be one of repair, of reconstruction, or will History simply repeat itself a second time, but tragically and as a farce, as Marx had prophesied?


Signing : La réparation dans l'art
30 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15

Olivia Caramello Olivia Caramello
Mathematician

Olivia Caramello earned a Degree in Mathematics from the University of Turin and a Diploma in Piano at the age of 19, and later a Ph.D. in Mathematics from Trinity College in Cambridge. Then she worked at the University of Cambridge, the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Bonn, the University of Paris 7 and the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHES), where since 2020 she has held the Gelfand Chair.She is the author of the book "Theories, Sites, Toposes: Relating and studying mathematical theories through topos-theoretic 'bridges'" (Oxford University Press, 2017) as well as of numerous publications, and has given more than a hundred seminars internationally. She won the "Rita Levi Montalcini" competition of the Ministry of Education, University and Research in 2017 and is currently Associate Professor at the University of Insubria in Como. Olivia Caramello is mostly known for having introduced and developed the unifying theory of topos-theoretic 'bridges', which exploits the existence of different representations for a given topos to establish deep connections between different areas of mathematics. In March 2022, she created the Grothendieck Institute, a foundation under the Italian law devoted to the development of Grothendieckian mathematics and, in particular, of topos theory in a unifying and interdisciplinary sense.


Conference : How to build 'bridges' in mathematics?
30 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 24

I shall present the general idea of a ‘bridge’ object, as it has emerged from my research work on developing the unifying potential of the notion of Grothendieck topos across different mathematical fields. Bridges, in our sense, as useful for extracting the essential features of a given situation, in such a way as to be able to relate it to a multiplicity of other contexts in which those features manifest themselves, albeit possibly in a very different way. This methodology can be very useful in investigating complex problems, as the latter, via ‘bridges’, can acquire completely unexpected formulations in different languages or scientific contexts. We shall illustrate this theory and discuss the methods and techniques that can help us in establishing ‘bridges’ across different contexts by using several metaphors and analogies pertaining to different fields of knowledge.


Signing : Theories, Sites, Toposes
30 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45

Olivier Gechter Olivier Gechter
Engineer

Olivier Gechter is an engineer, responsible for tools and calculation codes in a large nuclear engineering company. He worked on the EPR projects in Finland and China, before specializing in tools and methods. In parallel, he is a writer, where he expresses his gouaille and his love for fantasy, history and cooking. He recently published Evariste et le Baron Noir, and edited the anthology Marmite et Microondes for Géphyre. The sequel to Evariste, Requiem en catastrophe majeure, will be published in July by Mnemos.


Conference : How to build a reactor?
1er juillet 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 34B

In progress

Orianne Castel Orianne Castel
PhD in philosophy

Orianne Castel has a doctorate in philosophy and teaches aesthetics at the University of Paris-8 Vincennes in Saint-Denis. Also an artist, she is represented by the Marina Bastianello gallery in Venice. She is also editor in chief of the media Art Critique. Her theoretical and plastic research is in the field of abstraction and has the "grid" as its main object.


Conference : Should we build from plans?
30 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 34A

The Dutch expression Nieuwe beelding, literally "new image", translated into French by the term Néoplasticisme, indicates the ambition to construct the visual at the origin of the artistic movement founded by Mondrian. This project, originally applied to the painting, is intended to extend to the city. As the painter's character states in the trialogue imagined by the artist, "the pure plastic vision must build a new society". The project is political and, while the grid expresses balance on the painted surface, it will bring about "universal international justice" in physical space. Yet, as Foucault has shown, the grid, applied to reality, is the typical device for the establishment of a disciplinary model. Beyond the possibility of constructing a better world from principles discovered in painting, what happens during the passage from the flat surface to 3D? By what processes can properties be transformed into their opposites?

Pablo Schatzman Pablo Schatzman
Violonist

A student of Tibor Varga in Switzerland and Pinchas Zukerman in New York, Pablo is a laureate of the Bordeaux Quartet Competition and the Ravel Academy. A renowned violinist and chamber musician through various ensembles such as the Élysée Quartet, the Leos Trio, the Musica Nigella ensemble and Les Dissonances, he is the artistic director of the "Écouter-Voir" musical season in Tourcoing and of the Éole en Musiques Festival in Paimboeuf. His recordings devoted to Beethoven, Ravel, Chauson, Bartok have all been warmly welcomed by the critics (4 f, Télérama, Classica, diapason d'or, selection of Le Monde...).

Pascale Elbaz Pascale Elbaz
Researcher in Chinese language and civilization

Pascale Elbaz holds a doctorate in Chinese language and civilization from Inalco and is a teacher-researcher at ISIT, Grande école de l'interculturel et du multilinguisme (Paris-Panthéon-Assas-Université). She is responsible for the school's transdisciplinary intercultural seminar. She is also an associate researcher at IFRAE (French Institute for Research on East Asia). Her research focuses on two areas: the analysis of Chinese vocabulary of aesthetics and culture, and the pedagogy of translation and terminology in the era of multilingualism and automatic natural language processing (CAT, MT). She also works as a Chinese-French translator in publishing: Le Chant de la Terre chinoise, Photographies de la Chine d’aujourd’hui (2020); Histoire illustrée de la peinture chinoise (Ed. Horizon orientale). She is a member of the Research Task Force of FIT (International Federation of Translators) and participates in the writing of articles on the transformation of the translation profession and on the training of the new generation of translators.


Conference : What is the mystery of the construction of Chinese characters?
30 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34A

Born in the second millennium BC, Chinese writing is the oldest form of writing still in use today. It was engraved on turtle shells and deer shoulder blades, on stone and in bronze, drawn with a brush on bamboo strips, paper and silk. How was it conceived? How were the units that compose it, called Chinese characters, sinograms or ideophonograms, constructed? The lines and dots are organized into graphic, phonetic and semantic elements which, once assembled, form a whole that carries meaning and sound: the character. This one is in turn associated with one or several other characters to form a larger unit and thus enters into multiple combinations. But then, is it enough to observe the composition of a character or a series of characters to know its sound? To grasp its meaning? And does the architecture of the character, its volume, the number of its strokes and their arrangement in space count? In recent years, has computerized writing changed the nature of Chinese writing or increased its potential?

Patrick Clervoy Patrick Clervoy
Psychiatrist doctor

Patrick Clervoy is a psychiatrist and associate professor at Val-de-Grâce. He has carried out several missions in different theaters of operation. He is the author of books on psychological trauma and the unconscious mechanisms of collective violence. He has published a book by Odile Jacob that explores the phenomena of healing - Les pouvoirs de l'esprit sur le corps - and another - Vérité ou mensonge - on the psychological mechanisms that organize the hold of lies on a social group.


Conference : How is a lie constructed and deconstructed?
1er juillet 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 24

Building a lie is easy. Building a lie is a faculty of social adaptation. The ability to lie is used in seduction, in diplomacy, in the art of governing. This is one of the paradoxes of lying: it poisons social relations at the same time as it is essential to facilitate these relations when we are on a population scale. When we look at the place of lies in the functioning of a group, one of the surprises is that a group trusts more a man who lies well, with agility and with aplomb, than one who would make the effort to be honest. We also discover that the group participates in the construction of the lie and sometimes opposes with violence the person who would like to denounce it. The example presented shows that the effort to deconstruct a lie can be fatal, as much for the liar as for those who believed him or her.


Signing : Les Pouvoirs de l'esprit sur le corps
1er juillet 2022, 13h - 13h45
Signing : Vérité ou mensonge
1er juillet 2022, 13h - 13h45

Peggy Larrieu Peggy Larrieu
Researcher in private law and criminal sciences

Doctor in private law and criminal sciences, lecturer at the University of Aix en Provence, where she teaches business law, her research work is interdisciplinary. After a thesis on "Political life as captured by private law" (2006), she became interested in the relations between law and the sciences of thought (neurosciences, psychiatry, psychoanalysis) but also, and in counterpoint, in the relations between law and the products of the imagination (myths, tales, literature). She is the author of several essays, including Neurosciences et droit pénal, Le cerveau dans le prétoire, L'Harmattan, 2015; Mythes grecs et droit, Retour sur la fonction anthropologique du droit, PU Laval, 2017. She has directed various collective works, such as Vivre sans, Que reste-t-il de notre monde?, Erès, 2020;Transhumanism, Multidisciplinary approach to a new utopia, Eska, 2018. And written numerous articles on these issues.


Conference : Can we build a more just justice with the help of neuroscience?
29 juin 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34A

In the space of a few years, neuroscience applications have penetrated the field of criminal justice through what is known as neurojustice or neurolaw. Schematically, these applications can be used for preventive, repressive or therapeutic purposes. Certainly, they are likely to advance our knowledge of brain mechanisms and thus contribute to the individualization of justice. A better knowledge of the human brain, a better understanding of the individual, is also a better way to judge him. However, they raise fundamental ethical questions. Because with access to the "black box of the brain", it is the most intimate part of man, his inner self, his thoughts and his identity that are at stake.


Signing : Vivre sans : que reste-t-il de notre monde ?
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15

Philippe Charlier Philippe Charlier
Medical examiner

Philippe Charlier is a doctor of medicine, a doctor of science and a doctor of letters. He is a university lecturer, authorized to direct research. Until the summer of 2013, Philippe Charlier was a member of the forensic medicine department of the Raymond Poincaré University Hospital in Garches. He was also a researcher at the Medical Ethics Laboratory of the University of Paris-Descartes. He led a multidisciplinary team working in the fields of forensic anthropology, retrospective diagnosis, paleopathology and pathography. He specialized in the study of ancient human remains or mummies, and has a reputation for making the dead talk and unlocking their secrets. Initiator and organizer of international pathography symposiums, his work has focused on the study of the remains of the children of Tutankhamun, Richard the Lionheart, Agnès Sorel, Foulque III Nerra d'Anjou, Diane de Poitiers, the relics of Louis IX scattered throughout France, authenticating them in passing in collaboration with other specialists, the false relics of Joan of Arc, the presumed head of Henry IV and in 2017 on the remains of Hitler. He has participated in several television programs on history and medicine, including Secrets d'histoire on France 2, Sous les jupons de l'Histoire on Chérie 25, Le Magazine de la santé and Enquête de Santé on France 5. He co-wrote and presented a documentary series, Enquête d'ailleurs, co-produced and broadcast by Arte in 2013 and 2015. Since October 2018, Philippe Charlier has been Director of the Research and Teaching Department at the Musée du quai Branly - Jacques-Chirac. He is a member of the Société de Géographie, the Société des Explorateurs Français, the Société des Africanistes, and the Société Française d'Histoire de la Médecine.


Conference : Building the invisible: is this an anthropology of the supernatural?
1er juillet 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34B

In progress


Signing : Autopsie des fantômes: Une histoire du surnaturel
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : Autopsie des morts célèbres
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : Comment faire l'amour avec un fantôme ? - Autopsie de l'invisible
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : Picasso sorcier
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15
Signing : Vaudou : l'homme, la nature et les dieux
1er juillet 2022, 17h30 - 18h15

Philippe Gaudin Philippe Gaudin
Director of IREL and associate professor of philosophy

Philippe Gaudin, associate professor of philosophy and doctor of the EPHE (École Pratique des Hautes Etudes, majoring in religions and systems of thought), is deputy director of the IESR (Institute of Religious Sciences) created in 2002 by the Minister of Higher Education and Research within the EPHE www.iesr.fr . He divides his work between research and training on secularism and religious facts in the contemporary world. He intervenes for the national education, in hospitals, for prefectures as well as for departmental and regional councils. Recently, he published: "What does secularism mean?" Law, philosophy, history; but also "Towards a secularism of intelligence in France? ".


Conference : Is French secularism in ruins?
30 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 34A

In progress


Signing : Tempête sur la laïcité
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Pierre Arnoux Pierre Arnoux
Doctor in aesthetics and philosophy of art

Pierre Arnoux has a doctorate in aesthetics and philosophy of art, is a former student of the ENS de la rue d'Ulm, and is a professor of philosophy. He is the program director at the Collège International de Philosophie. His research focuses on critical theory and rock music; he is also a translator and teacher.


Conference : Is rock music the musical reconstruction of desire?
1er juillet 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 24

That rock is linked to desire is what seems to have struck its contemporaries, and its critics even more than its followers, since its birth. From Elvis's wiggle to glam rock poses and beatlesmania, the early days of rock, which are also those of the queenly youth, never cease to manifest and express desire ("I Want You", sing Dylan, Lennon or Marvin Gaye), in all its adventures and with an unparalleled radicality. This is not only the effect of the imagery and the discourse of rock, but more fundamentally that of rock music itself. Often referred without more to the poverty of its forms and to the conventional character of its melodies, the rock is rather a skilful musical reconstruction of this everywhere glorified desire: in its idiom and by its own means, as well compositional as organological, the rock appropriates indeed the dynamics of it, to give it an unheard-of completion, offering a decisive aesthetic experience and capable of upsetting the desire itself.

Pierre Devalan Pierre Devalan
Mechanical Engineer

Pierre Devalan is an engineer of the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers in mechanics. From 1966 to 2000, he was a structural calculation engineer at Bureau Véritas, then head of the Calculation Department and Strategy Delegate at Cetim. From January 2001 to September 2006, Pierre was in charge of Cetim's Program Agency, in charge of the R&D strategy, the allocation of R&D and transfer resources as well as the collaboration with scientific laboratories. Since October 2006 Pierre Devalan is a consulting engineer. He is an expert for the European Union, BpiFrance, the Walloon Mechanical Engineering cluster and the UIMM F2I innovation fund. He is a consultant for the Encyclopedia of Engineering Techniques for the treaties of Mechanical Engineering and Innovation Management. At the same time, he is the President of the French Association of Mechanics and a member of the High Committee of Mechanics. He is the author of the book "L'innovation de rupture, clé de la compétitivité" published by Hermès-Lavoisier in 2006.


Table ronde : How to meet the challenges of the mobility of the future?
30 juin 2022, 14h30

The mobility of the future is a major challenge. It is important to preserve the knowledge and experience acquired over the decades in order to make a successful transition, a transition that will be strategic on a global scale. How can we accurately assess our mobility needs? Which energies will we use? How will we design, with what industrial tools? What skills and experience will be required? What organizations? Geopolitical challenges and climate change are forcing major changes. Will high-speed rail be a favorite? Will it inspire other modes of transport, whether land, sea or air?

Pierre Kervella Pierre Kervella
Astronomer

Pierre Kervella is an astronomer at the Laboratoire d'Études Spatiales et d'Instrumentation en Astrophysique (LESIA) of the Observatoire de Paris. Mechanical and electrical engineer of the École Spéciale des Travaux Publics de Paris, he defended in 2001 a thesis in astrophysics on the development of an instrument for long-baseline optical interferometry (VINCI) and the study of different types of stars using this high angular resolution observation technique. This thesis work was carried out at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), and coincided with the first observations of the interferometric mode of the Very Large Telescope (VLTI) installed in northern Chile. Since 2007, Pierre Kervella has participated in the construction of the GRAVITY instrument of the VLTI, whose main objective is the study of the central black hole of our galaxy. He is also part of the Gaia collaboration, whose measurements he uses to study stars and detect their exoplanets. With three colleagues, Pierre Kervella obtained in 2020 an ERC Synergy Grant to improve the scale of extragalactic distances using different observational techniques, in particular Gaia measurements.


Conference : Has the Gaia mission built us a new sky?
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 24

The starry night sky appears to our eyes as almost immutable, only disturbed by the orderly movements of the planets, the Sun and the Moon. Yet no celestial object is completely still. The Gaia space mission has been measuring the position, velocity, brightness and color of one and a half billion celestial objects since 2014. The representation of the sky built by the Gaia mission is radically new in its dynamism, scale, and extraordinary accuracy. Among the many possible uses of these measurements, the slow movement of stars gives us information on the presence of planets orbiting them. At the Milky Way scale, Gaia allows us to trace the history of mergers that took place in the distant past with other galaxies. The distances of Cepheid stars (essential standards for determining the distances of distant galaxies), determined with an unprecedented accuracy, improve our knowledge of the expansion of the Universe.

Pierre-Marie Chauvin Pierre-Marie Chauvin
Vice President Arts, Science, Culture and Society

Pierre-Marie Chauvin is Vice-President of Arts, Sciences, Culture and Society and Vice-President of the Board of Directors of Sorbonne University. He is responsible for the university's policy of openness and commitment to the city, in conjunction with the Sorbonne University Alliance and its partners. A lecturer in sociology, his research focuses on issues of reputation and social temporality. He has notably published: Dictionnaire sociologique de l'entrepreneuriat (coordinated with Michel Grossetti and Pierre-Paul Zalio, 2014, Presses de Sciences Po); Sorbonnavirus. Regards sur la crise du coronavirus (coordinated with Annick Clement, 2021, Sorbonne Université Presses).


Conference : Opening speeches
29 juin 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34B

Rachel Givelet Rachel Givelet
violinist and violist

Rachel Givelet, born in Bordeaux, completed her studies at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique de Lyon with Annick Roussin and then at the Basel Conservatory (Switzerland) with Raphael Oleg. She has won several prizes (Fondation Groupe Banque Populaire, Rodolfo Lipizer International Competition, Flame Competition). She regularly performs in various festivals (Festival de Musique de Chambre en Val de Saire, concerts de midi de Rennes, Musique à Albas). Curious and eclectic artist Rachel likes to take part in different chamber music and performance projects. She founded in 2012 until 2016 the ensemble Zerlina (piano quartet), she is also part of the quartet A4&+ (contemporary music quartet) (contemporary music quartet). She participated in the creation of the latest show of Emma la Clown "Ze big grand musique" alongside Guilhem Fabre on piano and Myrtille Hetzel on cello and we could find her with the juggling company les objets volants for a show "from Bach to Glass" at the Maison de la Radio. Rachel is also a member of the Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra.

Rachna Bhoonah Rachna Bhoonah
PhD - Eco-design and Heat of Buildings

Rachna Bhoonah has joined the Eco-design and Heat of Buildings team at Mines ParisTech for her PhD after a Masters in Renewable Energy at PSL University and a year as an eco-design consultant. The topic of her research is the life cycle assessment (LCA) of buildings, and, more precisely, health impacts related to indoor air quality (IAQ). There are several potentially toxic substances that are emitted from furniture, coatings or detergents to which we are exposed indoors. In order to reduce impacts on our health, it would be important to opt for less dangerous materials and design an optimal ventilation to evacuate pollutants. She is thus working on a decision-making aid that allows to consider IAQ when conducting LCA of buildings.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Rafaël Ricote Gonzalez Rafaël Ricote Gonzalez
Architect

Rafaël Ricote Gonzalez is an architect DPLG, graduate of the School of Architecture of Paris-Conflans and holder of a DEA (post-graduate diploma) in Urban Planning and Development at the Institute of Urban Planning of the University of Paris XII. From the beginning of his career in 1989, he worked on the renovation project of the Gare du Nord. His DEA dissertation on "The Gare du Nord as an interchange hub" formed the basis of a multimodal vision of transport, a vision that he developed in his work on the major interchanges in the Ile de France region within AREP. He then continued his work for the SNCF, working on renovation projects for existing stations and the construction of new stations. From the 2000s onwards, he participated in the design of major public facilities and numerous international projects. In 2017, he was appointed Deputy Director of Architecture and Urban Planning at AREP. He joined the ADP Group in 2019, as Head of the Architecture and Design Agency and worked on the ESQ phase of Terminal 4 at Roissy. In 2021, he is appointed Chief Architect of the ADP Group and participates in the reflection and development of the new master plans of Paris-Orly and Paris-Charles de Gaulle.


Conference : How to design the spaces of mobility?
30 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34B

Since the middle of the 19th century, we have been confronted with an acceleration in the speed of our travels, an ever-increasing mechanization of these through the development of the train, then the subway, the car and finally the plane. This evolution has changed our cities, our territories, our habits. It has also produced new spaces, train stations, subway stations, parking lots, highways, airports. These new places in our cities and territories are part of our imagination, sometimes trivialized, they can also become emblematic. Originally, these infrastructures are not only the support of a mobility, sometimes of several, complex technical objects answering mechanical requirements but are also crossed by women and men, sometimes in the daily life, often in a recurring way. How are these spaces designed? By whom? On the basis of which practices? According to which modalities? Are they the result of an uncontrolled chaos, a hybrid object without soul, a non-place in the city, or on the contrary, can they be the support of an urban approach, a place of comfort and well-being, spaces at the service of the city?

Raphaël Dallaporta Raphaël Dallaporta
Artist photographer

Raphaël Dallaporta is a French photographer, winner of the Niépce Prize in 2019. Through his artistic practice, he creates unusual connections between history, the sciences and the arts. With the cooperation of researchers, he develops devices designed to raise awareness of hidden, forgotten, or inaccessible objects, phenomena or territories. With a certain clarity in the choice of his study subjects, his work always seeks to question the relationship between progress and our evolution. In 2004 and 2006 he exhibited at the Rencontres d’Arles and won the ICP Infinity Award in New York in 2010. In 2014, he was resident at the French Academy in Rome - Villa Medicis. In 2015, the photographer obtained permission from the Ministry of Culture to access the Chauvet Cave and produce a remarkable panoramic, reproduction published by Editions Xavier Barral. His works are presented in the collections of the Centre National d’Art Plastique, the Maison Européenne de la Photographie, the Pompidou Centre, the Musée de l’Élysée in Lausanne and the New York Public Library.


Conference : How to build a message of peace?
29 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 24

in progress

Richard Davis Richard Davis
Physicist, metrologist

Richard Davis has been an Honorary Senior Research Physicist at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) since 2010. He began his career at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA) in 1972 before joining the BIPM in 1990 as a Research Associate. He was Head of the BIPM Mass Section from 1993. Following his retirement, he continued to work as a consultant to the BIPM until the major revision of the International System of Units (SI) took effect on 20 May 2019. During his professional career, he had the opportunity to contribute to the reduction of experimental uncertainties of two useful constants (the Faraday constant and the Boltzmann constant). Currently the uncertainty of each of these constants is zero as a consequence of the revision of the SI in 2019. He was named Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) in 1992 for his contributions to metrology.

Photo Credit: Olivier Ravoire


Table ronde : How is a precision measurement constructed?
30 juin 2022, 9h15

We don't think about it much, but units of measurement are omnipresent in our daily lives. Yesterday and today, measurements are at the heart of all human activities. In a globalized society, it is more than ever essential that measurements be recognized and traceable at the international level. Sport, medicine, commerce, industry, environment, aeronautics, artificial intelligence, there is no human activity without reliable measurements and universally accepted units. From high-precision metrological laboratories to everyday life, how is a precision measurement constructed? Which actors? What shared assumptions? Which evolutions to come? With the digital transformation, how does measurement integrate the new challenges of a world in full transformation?

Roger Mansuy Roger Mansuy
Mathematician

After a thesis in probability, Roger Mansuy chose to teach in scientific preparatory classes. In addition to his teaching activity at the Lycées Louis-le-Grand and Saint-Louis, he is known for his action in the diffusion of mathematical culture; he has already published a dozen academic works and has written monthly columns in the magazine La Recherche.


Conference : Ruler, compass and beyond: what can be built with geometric tools?
29 juin 2022, 16h45 - 17h30 — Amphi 34A

The three Greek problems (squaring the circle, duplicating the cube, and trisecting the angle) motivated a lot of geometric and algebraic research on ruler and compass constructions... until the 19th century, as well as the impossibility theorems that state that these tools alone do not allow to obtain these constructions. However, one may wonder which figures become accessible if one adds to these two "historical" tools other means of construction.

Roland Lehoucq Roland Lehoucq
Astrophysicist

Roland Lehoucq is an astrophysicist at the Astrophysics Department of the CEA in Saclay. He teaches at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques and at the master ASE2 (Social Approach to Energy and the Environment) of the University Paris Diderot. He has published numerous works including "La science fait son cinéma" and "Faire des sciences avec Star Wars". Since 2012, he has been president of Utopiales, the international science fiction festival in Nantes. The asteroid (31387) Lehoucq is named after him as a tribute to his involvement in the dissemination and sharing of knowledge.


Conference : Could we build an interstellar ship?
30 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 34B

Interstellar travel is one of the favorite themes of science fiction. Some movies, like Star Wars or Star Trek, feature faster-than-light ships that are incompatible with our physics. In contrast, the movie Avatar shows a ship that seems more plausible. But is it really credible? Could we build it? And what could be the fuel that propels it? Investigate the Venture Star for the pleasure of understanding the physics of interstellar travel.


Signing : Dune, exploration scientifique et culturelle d'une planète-univers
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15
Signing : L'Humain dans l'espace - Entre réel et fiction
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15
Signing : Pourquoi le soleil brille
30 juin 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Ronan Grossiat Ronan Grossiat
Management consultant and collector

Ronan Grossiat is a management consultant and collector. He is the General Secretary of the Association for the International Diffusion of French Art (ADIAF), a non-profit organization gathering more than 300 collectors and patrons, dedicated to the international promotion of artists living and working in France. In 2000, ADIAF created the Marcel Duchamp Prize, one of the most prestigious contemporary art prizes in the world. Ronan is committed to supporting the diversity of the art scene and its visibility abroad, outside the logic of the market and speculation, particularly through the production of artistic projects during exhibitions in institutions, residencies or biennials. He has accompanied the launch of several endowment funds dedicated to contemporary art. He is a member of the Contemporary Art Acquisition Group of the Centre Pompidou, and has contributed to the Selection Committees of the Marcel Duchamp Prize, as well as to various juries dedicated to emerging contemporary art.

Photo credit: S. Falour


Conference : Can today's art contribute to the construction of the contemporary fact?
30 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34A

The need for artistic intermediaries - music, literature, poetry, theater, cinema... - transcends cultures and geographies. The universe of contemporary art, by its capacity to combine these other mediums, but also to relay the transformations and currents of thoughts of our societies, questions. What do the latest generations of artists and curators bring? By their initiatives, do they aspire to be vector of a greater opening to the memories of the rest of the world, of a new ethics of the questioning of oneself, of the indoctrinations, of the pre-suppositions on the history, the identity? Contemporary art is a formidable asset for understanding and deciphering the complexity and diversity of the world. But are these actors witnesses or co-initiators of the changes of our time? Do they have the ambition, by the poetic, to be also builders of the contemporary fact?

Rose-Marie Ferré Rose-Marie Ferré
Lecturer in medieval art history

Rose-Marie Ferré has been a lecturer in medieval art history at Sorbonne University since 2009, and is director of the Master 2 Professionnel "Expertise et Marché de l'Art". Her research focuses on the parameters of artistic commissions, iconography and cultural transmission in the late Middle Ages, as well as on the issues of expertise, the art market, and the French art of living and its challenges. She regularly collaborates with artists, notably on the question of the links between heritage and contemporary art. Her teaching, in France and abroad, takes place within an academic framework, but is also aimed at a wider public. R.-M. Ferré also carries out training projects that closely articulate the public and private domains with a view to disseminating academic excellence. As a result of her doctoral thesis, she published in 2009 a book on the artistic commission of René d'Anjou: René d'Anjou et les arts. Le jeu des mots et des images. She supervises online publications on current events in creation and the art market. She is currently Vice-Dean of Professional Training and Continuing Education in the Faculty of Arts.


Conference : Is beauty a construction?
1er juillet 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 24

This conference will question the role of beauty in the construction of our environment and in the construction of meaning through creation and communication processes. If aesthetic pleasure can be one of the motors of our relationship to the world and to others, it is appropriate to question the means and the repercussions. Using examples from the world of art and culture, Rose-Marie Ferré will also question the role of beauty, outside of abstract categories, and will attempt to lay the groundwork for thinking about a history of taste. Since the Middle Ages, aesthetic canons have evolved according to various reading grids, in connection with historical, political, intellectual and religious contexts. The aim is to decipher the different codes and representations of beauty in order to measure the modalities of the construction of a collective sense of beauty. Giotto, Van Eyck, Leonardo da Vinci, Poussin or more recently the impressionists, Picasso, the abstractions, Jeff Koons and the new figurations of contemporary art but also the extra-European arts will allow us to apprehend the construction of a look and to ask the question of the aesthetic emotion

Serge Berthier Serge Berthier
Physics researcher

Serge Berthier received his PhD from the University Pierre et Marie Curie in 1986. He first became a professor of physics at the Université Pascal Paoli, Corte (France) where he spent 7 years. In 1987, he joined the University Paris Diderot where he created a new master dedicated to the optical properties of solids. He was director of the CNRS GDR "Color and materials with visual effects", visiting professor at the University Faculty Notre Dame de la Paix in Namur (Belgium). He is currently a member of the UNESCO-UNISA Chair in Nanotechnology in Cape Town (South Africa). After theoretical work on the optical properties of disordered media, he turned to the study, characterization and modeling of natural photonic structures, found for example in butterfly wing scales, beetle elytra, bird feathers, diatoms...considered as models for bio-inspired devices, including solar absorbers, molecule detectors, anti-counterfeiting devices for banknotes, cosmetic pigments, LEDs... He is actively involved in the development of bio-inspiration in France through CEBIOS (Center of Excellence in Bio-Inspiration of Senlis). He has published more than 200 articles and reviews, 17 chapters of collective works, a book (in French) on the optical properties of inhomogeneous media, 4 books (1 translated into English) on photonic structures and physical colors of insects, a book on natural nanostructures and their applications and an essay on bio-inspiration. He is currently working on a book on Light-Insect interactions.


Conference : According to what principles and with what materials does nature build?
1er juillet 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 34B

Why do we immediately distinguish a natural realization from a human realization? It is because both present a certain number of characteristics which sign their origin. Are one better than the other? It is only when we see the limits of our strategy that we can begin to ask ourselves this question. How is the living built? According to which principles? Are they transposable to our human constructions? Living structures are always multifunctional. They are extremely economical in chemical elements and the elements used are very quickly put back into the circuit. The price of this economy and multifunctionality is complexity. During this presentation, these principles will be illustrated with the help of some remarkable animal and plant achievements and we will present the five elementary bricks at the origin of any natural construction.


Signing : Comment fait le gecko pour marcher au plafond
1er juillet 2022, 10h - 10h45
Signing : L'éveil du Morpho
1er juillet 2022, 10h - 10h45

Stéphane Houdet Stéphane Houdet
Veterinary doctor, three-time Paralympic tennis champion

Stephane Houdet is a veterinary doctor, triple Paralympic wheelchair tennis champion (men's doubles event in Beijing 2008, Rio 2016 and Tokyo 2020). Following a motorcycle accident in 1996, he was amputated of his left lower limb above the knee. He became the world's number one singles and doubles player after his first win at the French Open in 2012. He repeated that feat in 2013 and also won the US Open that same year. In addition to his four grand slam victories in singles (French Open 2012, 2013 and US Open 2013, 2017), he also has 19 titles in these same tournaments in the doubles event. Before discovering wheelchair tennis thanks to a meeting with Johan Cruyff, he had a career as a handigolfer in the 2000s and became the French number one (2001-2006) and then European number one (2003-2004). A graduate of the National Veterinary School of Nantes, he created a clinic in Isère, halfway between Grenoble and Chambéry in 1997. In 2004, he left his veterinary clientele to devote himself entirely to high level tennis. For his fourth Paralympic Games, those of Tokyo 2020, he was designated flag bearer of the French delegation alongside the judoka Sandrine Martinet. He came back with the gold medal in men's double wheelchair tennis with Nicolas Peifer. To date, he is number 5 in the world in singles and number 3 in the world in doubles. As a media consultant and sports and disability advisor for the French Ministry of the Army, he continues his sports career and is preparing for his fifth Paralympic Games in Paris in 2024, at the same time as he is involved in the Handilab Foundation.


Conference : How is the quest for gold at the Games being prepared?
29 juin 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 24

When the story is told by its ending, it is often the case that the precious metal won is a finality. But was it really the goal? If many athletes have dreamed of an Olympic gold medal since childhood, is it the same for Paralympic athletes? What kind of parallel can be established? If the factors of performance are now known and are very similar in all disciplines, the Paralympic universe often goes through a long reconstruction phase. If the sporting approach can become the same, what about the associated dreaming? During his talk, Stéphane will share with you the philosophical approach he used to win three gold medals at the Paralympic Games and how he is campaigning for it to become an Olympic medal one day. Around a game that he entitled "the hand in the hat" he will make you understand his path. When his accident left him on the road with an amputation of his left lower limb, he was far from thinking that, many years later, the 9/08/1996 would be registered in his list of the most important days of his life.

Sylvain Dal Sylvain Dal
Psychiatric doctor

Sylvain Dal is a psychiatrist, head of department and training supervisor at the Saint-Jean Clinic in Brussels; he is also responsible for the day hospital at the Saint-Jean de Dieu Hospital in Leuze-en-Hainaut, Belgium. In addition to the flat country, his training has taken him briefly to Montreal, the Netherlands, and more recently to Lille. His interests are multiple: phenomenology, paranoia, the development of psychogeriatrics and the analysis of institutions. He defends the interest of a general psychiatry, whose main axis would be the psychotherapeutic dimension. Sylvain Dal is vice-president of the Belgian Centre and School of Daseinsanalysis and chief editor for the International Federation of Daseinsanalysis.  He teaches psychiatric assistants at the Catholic University of Leuven in the framework of an introduction to phenomenology and existential dimensions in therapy. He is also heavily involved in other fields: music and in particular free improvisation, audio-visual research, and microcontroller programming.


Conference : How is a paranoid delusion constructed?
1er juillet 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 34A

The classical understanding of paranoid delusion, which can be summarized as "a set of logical conclusions, organized in a system, but based on false premises", if it circumscribes a frequent phenomenon, does not allow us to grasp what leads to taking as true what is obviously false at the base, nor the great stability and insistence of this modality in certain people. Beyond the psychological processes of projection and interpretation, we think that the delusion is rooted in a very particular apprehension of reality, a systematically truncated way of constructing what is then taken for "the" truth, from perceptive fragments, by cancelling the margin of doubt and the play of eidetic variations. One could find there a line of demarcation between the fundamentally different constructions of reality: the so-called normal one and another, paranoid one. The question becomes all the more fascinating, as a relatively new phenomenon, especially by its extent and its trivialization, that of conspiracy fueled by social networks, also comes to question how opinions and convictions are formed, and could therefore -without being a matter of psychiatry- provide an opportunity to shed light on the genesis of paranoid delusions.

Sylvain Delouvée Sylvain Delouvée
Associate Professor in Social Psychology

As a lecturer at the University of Rennes 2, his research focuses on the study of the interaction between social and psychological factors that influence thinking, beliefs and social behaviors when individuals or groups encounter situations that may be perceived as uncertain, risky or extreme. In a more applied way, he is interested in the processes of social and cognitive adaptation to environmental risks (e.g., climate change), health or biological risks (emerging infectious diseases, antibiotic resistance, vaccine hesitancy), societal risks (terrorism and radicalization), and the uncertainties related to these situations. Co-director of the Master's degree in "Violence, Risks and Vulnerabilities" at the University of Rennes 2, Sylvain Delouvée is also the author of numerous scientific articles and several books, including the recent "Le Complotisme. Cognition, Culture and Society" (Mardaga editions, co-authored with Sebastian Dieguez).


Conference : How is a conspiracy theory constructed?
29 juin 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 34A

A conspiracy theory is an explanatory narrative that competes with the official versions and implies the intervention of a group acting in the shadows to explain a tragic / significant / unexpected event. But how does this "theory" develop in the head of a conspiracy theorist? What roles do others (conspiracy theorists or not) play? Is it only a matter of cognitive bias? What weight in this conspiratorial elaboration is given to social belonging or collective memory? The aim is to better understand how a conspiracy theory is constructed - individually and socially.


Signing : Le Complotisme. Cognition, Culture et Société
29 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45

Sylvie Wieviorka Sylvie Wieviorka
Psychiatrist

Dr. Sylvie Wieviorka is a psychiatrist, honorary hospital practitioner, now recently retired. She has spent her entire career in the public service, first in general psychiatry departments in Picardie and in the Paris region, then as director of a Parisian center specializing in the treatment of addictive pathologies. She has also developed an activity as a trainer in systemic family psychotherapy. She taught psychopathology for 6 years at the University of Paris 8. She is the author of several books dealing with the treatment of drug addicts (Les Toxicomanes, Les Toxicomanes ne sont pas tous incurables, Soigner les drogués). Her latest book "Dans la tête de ma psy, et comment choisir le sien" (Humensciences 2021) is the result of nearly 40 years of practice with people suffering from psychological disorders.

Photo credit: Hannah Assouline


Conference : Psychotherapy: truth or construction of reality?
29 juin 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 24

For some, the work of the therapist consists in bringing out from the depths of the patient's consciousness (or unconscious) the buried truth, the secrets that have weighed on the family, sometimes for several generations, and that are the cause of the patient's current suffering. For others, it is a matter of constructing a more acceptable reality that will cause less suffering, but which remains a constructed narrative. By modifying his construction of the world, the patient perceives differently what he lives, and his relationships are modified. From this point of view, should the therapist try to be neutral, as objective as possible, or on the contrary, use his own construction of the world to help his patient? Dr. Sylvie Wieviorka will use her experience to illustrate the theoretical and practical stakes of these questions and propose her approach which makes the coupling of the subjectivity of the shrink and the patient the tool for the construction of a less painful reality for the latter.


Signing : Dans la tête de ma psy
29 juin 2022, 13h - 13h45

Thibault Lefeuvre Thibault Lefeuvre
Mathematician

Thibault Lefeuvre is a mathematician at Sorbonne University, in charge of research at CNRS. He studies dynamical systems of chaotic nature and geometry using analytical tools. His thesis work was awarded the Chancellery of the Universities of Paris prize. He is also the author of popular science articles, as well as a book for preparatory classes. Also a writer, his first novel, Éducation tropicale, was published by Gallimard and awarded the 2018 Albert-Bernard Prize.


Conference : How is a mathematical theory constructed?
1er juillet 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 34A

What is an idea, a mathematical concept? How is a mathematical theory born? How do theories evolve in time and history? Can a theory be "deconstructed" as much as it is constructed? And what can a theory be used for? These questions are certainly vast and dizzying. We will try to get a glimpse of some answers to them by taking geometry as an example. How has it been constructed throughout history? What was it the science of yesterday, what is it the science of today? This will lead us to a journey through time and space, from Euclid's Elements to our most recent GPS, through Riemann's geometry.


Signing : Éducation tropicale
1er juillet 2022, 11h30 - 12h15

Thierry Pozzo Thierry Pozzo
Professor of neurosciences

Thierry Pozzo is a professor of neurosciences at the University of Bourgogne and senior honorary member of the Institut Universitaire de France. His research project involves studying the organizational principles of human motor skills and identifying the underlying physiological mechanisms. The developed axes consider recent advances in neuroscience, which suggest a close coupling between Action and Perception. He supports the hypothesis that cognition is embodied in the bodily experience of individuals and depends on the motor system, unlike the metaphor of the computer brain. Finally, the narrowness of these questions and the standards imposed by science has convinced him for several years to extend his thinking to the field of image perception and reciprocal contaminations between Art and Sciences. This part of its activities takes place within the framework of the organization of scientific popularization events within the Espace EJ Marey, a platform partly dedicated to uncover the work of this local scholar.


Conference : Is living matter essential to the construction of reality?
29 juin 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 34A

Since the 1980s, a silent revolution has shaken up our knowledge of the brain and cognition: thinking, perceiving and acting are no longer considered solely as cerebral states using language and logical-deductive reasoning but as the implicit mental manipulation of actions. In other words, Action, Cognition and Perception are related to shared mechanisms and nervous substrates: thinking is replaying a lived experience; recognizing an object before naming it is evoking the sensory effects of its use. The body is not a set of peripheral accessories, of effectors at the end of the decisional chain, as in the parable of the slave who moulds the brick according to the master's recommendations, but the body is matter and thought. An indirect proof of the continuous presence of the body in thought is the case of the phantom limb. Even when the amputation of a limb deprives the matter, the thought reconstructs it mentally. But are perceiving and knowing constructed only within living matter? How do these devils of machines without arms or legs perceive and live the world? In other words, is an intelligence without a body (artificial) possible?

Thomas Trapier Thomas Trapier
Photographer

Thomas Trapier was an engineer with a passion for images before becoming a photographer with a passion for science. After six years programming control centers for CNES, he left the satellites for more terrestrial, and especially more oceanic adventures. In Polynesia, he made reports for the Under The Pole expeditions and their Capsule underwater habitat project, or for the Groupe d'Etude des Mammifères Marins. Since then, he continues to put in images those who take to the sea, those who go to discover the world to better know it and those who transmit their knowledge. He also contributes as editor and director to the youtube channel "Le Journal de l'Espace".

Tiphaine Lours Tiphaine Lours
Master in History of Medicine

Tiphaine Lours is currently a master’s degree student at the School of Research of Sciences Po Paris. After completing a double degree between Sorbonne University and Sciences Po Paris in History and Social Sciences, and spending a year abroad in the Archeology Department of Univeristy College Cork in Ireland, she is now writing a thesis research at the crossroads of the history of medicine and the history of experimental sciences. With the financial support of the Comité pour l’Histoire de l’INSERM, it aims to explore the origins of surgical practices related to organ and tissue transplants during the 19th century in France. She is also starting an entrepreneurial project, with the creation of her knitting patterns’ brand available online.


Table ronde : Deconstruct to rebuild?
1er juillet 2022, 10h

Inventing new concepts to develop scientific or philosophical theories, imagining other political systems, shaking up norms or artistic traditions, or even deciding to break away from them... In any discipline, from the most concrete to the most abstract, it is sometimes necessary to go beyond the principles that one thought were established, the established doctrines and the old hypotheses - or even to abolish them - in order to build a new edifice, both literally and figuratively. From the renovation of buildings to the writing of a novel to the history of medicine, students and young researchers from various specialties will try to explain how they are led, on a daily basis, to deconstruct their object or their method, in order to give new life to their research or their creative activity.

Vincent Tordjman Vincent Tordjman
Designer, set designer and musician

Vincent Tordjman is a designer, scenographer and musician. He was trained at the Conservatory of Metz, at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs de Paris in design, and at the Sorbonne in philosophy. Since 2000, he has maintained an open and eclectic approach and practice of projects, between performing arts and design. He designs stage sets for theater, opera and exhibitions, theater sets, interior architecture projects and furniture, in particular for the French brand Ligne Roset. In his projects, he focuses on an economy of means and an open evocation that leaves room for the imagination while making references resonate. He builds on the stages of theater and opera, worlds where light and sound play an essential role. His sets have welcomed great French actors such as Pierre Arditi, Romane Bohringer, Dominique Pinon ..., and have toured in many countries and even in China where he created the opera Flowers in the Mirror, which combines traditional acting and acrobatics techniques with new technologies. He plays with technology to make it take a funny or poetic turn, as in the electronic music he creates for the stage or for his solo project Vicnet. Since 2001, he has been exploring the integration of technology in furniture, especially sound, following his first experiences in Japan.


Conference : Does building mean freezing?
30 juin 2022, 17h30 - 18h15 — Amphi 34B

From several examples of projects, in different practices ranging from industrial design to music, it will be shown that building does not necessarily have to conclude to a total determination of the objects: it can be an open research process, a learning.

Wei-Yu Chang Wei-Yu Chang
Bassist

Born in Taiwan, Wei-Yu Chang started playing double bass in 2003 with Wei-Che Cheng in Taiwan. He entered the Conservatoire du 16ème arrondissement with Jean-Edmond Bacquet in 2013. In 2015, admitted to the CNSMDP in higher cycle with Jean-Paul Celea, Nicolas Crosse and Eckhard Rudolf. Wei-Yu Chang is currently 2nd soloist at the Radio France Philharmonic Orchestra.

Xavier Emmanuelli Xavier Emmanuelli
Emergency doctor

Xavier Emmanuelli graduated as a doctor of merchant medicine and joined the maritime courier. Then he became a general practitioner at the Coal Basin of the Freyming-Merlebach Mines. At the same time, he became part of the founding team of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), with a desire to create an international emergency relief effort. In parallel, from 1972 to 1975, he was the assistant to Professor Pierre Huguenard for the creation and development of SAMU 94, one of the first Emergency Medical Aid Services. As an anesthesiologist and reanimator. From 1992 to 1995 Xavier Emmanuelli was a hospital practitioner at the Care and Accommodation Center at the Nanterre hospital. He described a new clinical approach to social exclusion observed during consultations with the homeless. He then imagined a social SAMU like the medical SAMU in order to take charge of people in situations of exclusion. From 1995 to 1997, he was appointed Secretary of State for Emergency Humanitarian Action by President Jacques Chirac. In 1998, he also founded the Samusocial International, in order to address the high levels of exclusion amongst homeless people in big cities of the world.


Conference : How is a psyche constructed and deconstructed?
30 juin 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 24

in progress


Signing : Se reconstruire dans un monde meilleur
30 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30

Yann Parot Yann Parot
Research engineer in electronics

Yann Parot is a research engineer in electronics at IRAP (Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie) in Toulouse. During his career, he has participated in various Mars missions by building scientific instruments such as ChemCam, aboard the Curiosity rover (NASA - on Mars for 10 years), SuperCam, evolution of ChemCam aboard the Perseverance rover (NASA - on Mars for 1 year) and RLS (Raman Laser Spectrometer), aboard the ExoMars rover (ESA - launch postponed).


Conference : How do you build a Mars instrument?
29 juin 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 24

The construction of an instrument for the in-situ study of Mars is a real challenge. The first step of this construction is the science itself: what are we trying to measure and why? Once these first answers are found, the time comes for the material construction. How to transcribe the idea into a physical instrument? How to build it? How to test it on Earth when it is made to work on Mars? It is to all these questions that we will try to answer during this presentation.

Yvonnick Noël Yvonnick Noël
Senior Lecturer in Psychology and Statistics

Yvonnick Noël is a lecturer in Psychology and Statistics at the University of Rennes 2. His work focuses on the development of specialized statistical models for the measurement of individuals' values and skills. In particular, he develops models for measuring competence or opinion, specially adapted for online digital interfaces. He is an expert psychometrician for several training organizations (PIX, Institut du Monde Arabe, TACIT platform, écri+ platform) for the construction and deployment of adaptive competency tests based on psychometric models. He is the author of the book "Statistical Psychology with R" (Paris: EDP Sciences).


Conference : Can the human be measured?
30 juin 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 24

Between the formulation of hypotheses and experimentation, scientific psychology must deal with the question of the objective measurement of attitudes and skills. However, the dimensions it seeks to achieve are by nature abstract, not to say at first sight elusive: an opinion, an attitude, a disposition or a skill. In this paper, we show some of the psychometric models that provide a basis for measurement in psychology. In this approach, we discover that measurement can only be based on a response model, i.e. on a hypothesis about the cognitive mechanism by which the human subject transforms his inner psychological reality into an observable response in a test. By validating a hypothesis about this response mechanism, we validate the internal consistency of the measurement, without really knowing what we are measuring. It is in the predictive validation of the measurement in situation that we discover its intrinsic meaning. In the implementation of this process, we clearly perceive the extent to which psychological measurement is a construction. Examples of application to the fields of maturing a personal decision to change, managing emotions and developing intellectual skills will serve as illustrations.