Participants

Alex Shee Alex Shee
Strategy director

Alex is an executive at Sama that leads Corporate Development and Strategy. He is working on building an AI business ecosystem around Sama's platform. His role encompasses Partnerships, Corporate Development and Go-To-Market strategy. He was previously the Head of Partnerships and Corporate Development at Element AI (exited to ServiceNow | NYSE: NOW) where he opened and grew the business in Asia, signed major strategic partnerships and led the team that raised Element AI's C$200M Series B. He was also the host of Element AI's #1 rated podcast "The AI Element" which explores the biggest issues and toughest questions in artificial intelligence. He was also recently selected as one of top 250 upcoming leaders in Canada by the Governor General of Canada (equivalent of Presidential Award), one of the top 4 business development and sales leaders in tech by Floodgates in their Annual Anchor List and 2021 "Power Player" by The Peak.


Conference : Does artificial intelligence help fight poverty?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 3

AI for Good is a much talked about term...However, there are few examples of when AI has been able to have a concrete impact in the developing world or poverty alleviation. In his talk, Alex Shee will explore trends that are taking place in AI businesses to help create a positive and tangible impact on poverty. He will challenge preconceived ideas around the successful deployment of AI as well as the business models underlying them. He will outline a vision for how AI can be harnessed to achieve UN Sustainability goals.


Table ronde : L’AI est-elle l’avenir de l’innovation de rupture ?
Friday 6 may 2022, 10h45

Alexei Grinbaum Alexei Grinbaum
Philosopher and physicist

Alexei Grinbaum, Ph.D., HDR, is a physicist and philosopher at LARSIM, the Philosophy of Science Group at CEA-Saclay near Paris. His main interest is in the foundations of quantum theory. He also writes on the ethical and social aspects of emerging technologies, including nanotechnology, synthetic biology, robotics and artificial intelligence. He was coordinator for France of the "European Observatory of Nanotechnologies" and partner in the project “Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice”. Grinbaum is a member of the French national ethics committee for digital technologies and AI as well as of the French ethics commission for research in information technology (Cerna). His books include "Mécanique des étreintes" (2014) and "Les robots et le mal" (2019).


Conference : Does the inhumanity of artificial intelligence do man any good?
Friday 6 may 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 3

We benefit from unprecedented possibilities thanks to artificial intelligence. Its applications are numerous: search engines, image and speech recognition, automatic translation, conversational agents, etc. They are beginning to emerge in sectors such as health, energy, transport, education, commerce and finance. But with them come new dangers. Domestic robots become informers, conversational agents insult their interlocutors: computer systems participate in human conflicts and sometimes even provoke them. Who is responsible? The answer to this question is one of the most urgent challenges in our relationship with digital technologies. But it is not about how to make artificial intelligence benevolent. It is about making sure that it does not replace humans as moral agents.

Anatole Lecuyer Anatole Lecuyer
Virtual reality researcher

Anatole Lécuyer is a research director at Inria, the national research institute dedicated to digital sciences. He has been conducting research in the field of virtual reality for over 20 years, exploring new ways of interacting with virtual worlds. With his team, he has designed the OpenViBE software that allows the deployment of "neural" interfaces to interact directly "with the brain". These interfaces are showing their usefulness in the field of health, accessibility and leisure. He is co-author of more than 200 scientific articles and a dozen patents. He is the author of the book "Your brain is a superhero - When new technologies reveal our unsuspected abilities" published in 2019.


Conference : Can virtual reality make you artificially smarter?
Friday 6 may 2022, 16h - 16h45 — Amphi 1

The digital technologies of "virtual reality" are gradually entering our lives. The colossal investments of the giants of the sector such as Facebook, Google, or Samsung even make us predict the imminent arrival of "metavers": these artificial universes in which humans will be able to live together in alternative reality experiences. Beyond the immense scientific and technological challenges posed by these new media, the physiological and psychological effects on humans are questioned. If we can fear negative effects such as addiction phenomena or the famous "cybermale", what about the possible positive transformations that could result from these virtual immersions? Studies show powerful and sometimes persistent effects, which can be mobilized for various applications such as education, medicine and rehabilitation. In the end, will virtual reality end up making us artificially more intelligent?

Benoît Dupont Benoît Dupont
Professor in Criminology

Benoît Dupont is a full professor at the School of Criminology of the Université de Montréal and Scientific Director of the Integrated Network on Cybersecurity (SERENE-RISC), which he founded in 2014. He holds the Canada Research Chair in Cybersecurity, as well as the Research Chair in Cybercrime Prevention. He serves as an observer representing the research community on the Board of Directors of the Canadian Cyber Threat Exchange (CCTX) and on the Researchers Council of the New Digital Research Infrastructure Organization (NOIRN). He is a member of the inaugural cohort of the Royal Society of Canada's College of New Scholars and Creators in the Arts and Sciences. His current research projects focus on cyber resilience, the co-evolution of crime and technology from an ecological perspective, the social organization of malicious hacker communities, and intervention strategies for victims of cyber fraud.


Conference : Can AI threaten the integrity of justice?
Friday 6 may 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 1

In progress

Catherine Maunoury Catherine Maunoury
CEO Aéro-Club de France

Catherine Maunoury has been keen of planes from early age. She was only 8 years old when her father, aviator and doctor, took her flying for the first time. His encouragement makes her becoming the youngest licensed pilot at the age of 17 years old, with a first solo flight at only 15. Her passion led her to the top of the competition with several titles at the championships of France, Europe and World championship. She is still among the best women aircraft pilots in the world. Today, Catherine Maunoury is president of the Aero-Club de France.


Conference : Does artificial intelligence fly?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 11h30 - 12h15 — Amphi 2

In progress

Catherine Régis Catherine Régis
Law professor

Catherine Regis is a full professor at the University of Montreal Law Faculty, holder of a Canada Research Chair in health law and policy, co-founder of the Health Hub – Policy, Organizations and Law (H-POD) and she is leading the Working group on Digital Innovation and Artificial Intelligence for the U7+ Alliance which regroups more than 50 universities around the world. She is also a researcher at Mila ((The Quebec Institut on Artificial Intelligence), the Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP), the Observatory of the Social Impacts of AI and Digital Technology (OBVIA), and Special advisor and Associate vice-president with planning and strategic communication at the University of Montreal. Catherine participated in the creation of the Montreal Declaration for a responsible development of artificial intelligence as a member of its scientific committee and is an expert member for the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI). Her main areas of research are the regulation of digital innovation and AI as well as health law and policy, at the local and international levels.

Catherine Villemer Catherine Villemer
Assistant to the Vice-Rector

Catherine Villemer has 20 years of experience in the field of international cooperation and relations, research valorization and knowledge mobilization. An agro-economist engineer (Agrocampus Ouest, France), she has studied, taught and worked in Europe (France, Belgium and Germany), Asia (Vietnam, Hong Kong) and North America (Canada). At the Université de Montréal, she has been contributing to the internationalization of the University at the rectorate since 2016. Previously, she worked as coordinator and then executive director of the Centre of Excellence on the European Union (Université de Montréal - McGill University, 2007-2015) and senior advisor to the partnerships of the Centre d'études et de recherches internationales de l'Université de Montréal (CÉRIUM, 2013-2015). She has participated in the organization of several major world conferences on behalf of the Université de Montréal (European Consortium for Political Research General Conference 2015, World Health Summit 2017). Catherine Villemer is a member of the Board of Directors and the Audit Committee of CÉGEP de Bois-de-Boulogne, a general and vocational college located in Montreal. She was Vice President of UniAgro Canada (2013 - 2015), the Canadian branch of the federation of agricultural engineers of the graduate associations of seven French grandes écoles and public institutions of higher agronomic education.

Christian Byk Christian Byk
Judge of the Court of Appeal of Paris

Christian Byk is a judge of the Court of Appeal of Paris, Secretary General of the International Association of Law, Ethics and Science and chair of the UNESCO Intergovermental Bioethics Committee. His doctoral dissertation (Ph.D) focused on a comparison of legislative policy models in North America and Europe in the perspective of elaborating biolaw. He is qualified to conduct research, has practiced as a law professor at the University of Poitiers and as a visiting professor in many countries. He is the author of ten books and more than 300 articles in the field of bioethics and for 30 years directs the International Journal of Bioethics and Ethics of Science and the journal Law, Health and Society. Since the early 1980s, Christian Byk has acquired training and experience in bioethics and science ethics.Trained in international law, he is well acquainted with the functioning of the international organizations of the United Nations system (UNESCO, WHO, WIPO, IAEA) as well as that of European organizations (Council of Europe and European Union). For more than 10 years, he was head of the French delegation to the Council of Europe's Bioethics Committee, then advisor to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe and drafted the first draft of the European Convention on Biomedicine and Human Rights. He has also participated in the normative activities of the European Union (patentability of biotechnologies). Since the late 1980s, he has been involved in UNESCO's bioethics activities and has participated in the negotiations that led to the adoption of the three UNESCO Declarations in this field. Since 2013, he is representing France on the Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee, of which he was successively Vice-President (2015-2017) and President (2017-2019). He participates in the activities of non-governmental organizations: since 1989 he heads the International Association of Law, Ethics and Science, served as Vice-President of CIOMS (1994-2000) and is a founding member of the International Association of Bioethics.Since 2002, he has been a member of the French National Commission for UNESCO, where he chairs the committee on bioethics and ethics of science.


Conference : Is the digital age leading to the emergence of new sovereignty stake holders?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 3

Once a privileged place for the intervention of sovereign states, the international space has long since ceased to be its exclusive place and international trade is, from this point of view, a good illustration of this historical reality. However, the development of exchanges has been accomplished since the last decades of the twentieth century in the context of a "globalized world" very different from what we have known until now both because of the nature and the scale of activities concerned as well as the evolution of the international framework in which these exchanges take place. And this leads to major upheavals in the identification of the actors of sovereignty, its attributes and the influence that results from it on normative production and its scope, perhaps revealing the construction of a new social ontology which goes beyond the mere sphere of exchanges.

Christian Wopperer Christian Wopperer
Vice President, Sales Intelligence

Christian Wopperer has been Vice President, Sales Intelligence at CEIM for the past seventeen years. He has over thirty years of experience in business development and software sales in Europe and Canada. His entrepreneurial experience contributes to his deep understanding of the marketing and sales issues of start-ups. He founded and managed a quality assurance software company in Zürich, Switzerland, which increased its annual sales by 250%. Since his arrival in Canada in 1995, he has assisted Canadian companies in their export efforts to Europe. He managed the marketing and sales department of Orthofab and was responsible for the marketing strategy of KMtechnologies in Montreal. Christian Wopperer offers customized sales advice to IT companies in the commercialization phase. He holds a Swiss Federal Economic Maturity, an IT diploma from EPSIC (Lausanne, Switzerland) and the Advanced Management Course certification from McGill University. He was also part of the first cohort of e-commerce graduates from the Montreal Institute of Electronic Commerce.


Conference : What are the issues and challenges of monetizing artificial intelligence?
Friday 6 may 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 2

In progress

Cyril Rigaud Cyril Rigaud
Scientific advisor

Cyril Rigaud was born in Provence and spent his childhood and adolescence gazing at the sky. He studied science and earned a pilot certificate at age 17. In June 1995, he joined the French Air Force as a transport pilot. Initially in charge of support and training missions for forces in mainland France, overseas, and abroad, he became an instructor in 2006-2008. He then went on to join the transportation team for high-level government officials and health evacuations, until 2013. As of 2010, he has also ensured travel for top government officials. In early 2016, he became a co-pilot on a Canadair CL 415 water bombardier for emergency services.

David Saint-Jacques David Saint-Jacques
Astronaut

David Saint-Jacques has always been keen on exploring the world around him. Prior to joining the Canadian space program in May 2009, he practised family medicine in a northern Canadian village overlooking Hudson Bay. Before that, he worked as an astrophysicist in Cambridge, United Kingdom; Tokyo, Japan; Hawaii, USA; and Montreal, Canada. He was also a clinical faculty lecturer for McGill University’s Faculty of Medicine and an engineer for a Quebec-based small business. As a member of the international astronaut team, David Saint-Jacques has acted as capcom (the liaison between the team on the ground and the crew in space) and carried out various operations planning and support functions at NASA’s Mission Control Center and Astronaut Office. On December 3, 2018, he flew to the International Space Station as an Expedition 58/59 flight engineer and co-pilot of the Soyuz spacecraft. During his 204-day mission, he conducted a series of scientific experiments, robotics tasks and technology demonstrations. David Saint-Jacques became the fourth Canadian Space Agency astronaut to perform a spacewalk and the first to use Canadarm2 to catch a visiting spacecraft.

Gautier Depambour Gautier Depambour
PhD student in science's history

Former student of the French engineering school CentraleSupélec, Gautier Depambour is currently studying History and Philosophy of Science at Paris VII University. During his gap year, he had the opportunity to work as an intern for five months at CERN within the communication group of the ATLAS detector. Meanwhile, he has lead a Machine Learning project on particle physics. He has also spent six months in the Quantum Cavity Electrodynamics group in the Kastler-Brossel Laboratory (Collège de France, Paris) for his Masters degree in nanophysics. Finally, he feels passionate about explaining and helping others understand science. He is involved in several projects such as the website of the French physicist and philosopher Etienne Klein. He also wrote a book to tell his experience at CERN, called Une Journée au CERN.

Hervé Chneiweiss Hervé Chneiweiss
Neurologist

Hervé Chneiweiss is a neurologist and neuroscientist, MD-PhD, Research Director at the CNRS. He is currently head of the research centre Neuroscience Paris Seine (CNRS /Inserm/Sorbonne University). Trained as a neurologist (movement disorders, neurogenetics), his scientific work was mainly dedicated to the biology of astrocytes and in the recent period their roles in brain tumour origin, progression and plasticity, identifying new metabolic drivers and therapeutic avenues. He has authored more than 170 academic papers. He is also involved in bioethics, presently chair Inserm Ethics Committee (IEC) and UNESCO International Bioethics Committee, member WHO advisory committee on developing global standards for governance and oversight of human genome editing and vice-chair of ARRIGE, expert OECD for recommandation 457 on neurotechnology in health. He wrote several books or chapters on bioethics of human embryos, stem cells, genetics and neuroscience.

Hervé Fischer Hervé Fischer
Artist and sociologist

Multimedia artist and philosopher Hervé Fischer initiated Sociological art in1971 and practices since 2011 tweet art and tweet philosophy. His work has been presented in numerous art museums and biennales. The Centre Pompidou has devoted to him a retrospective Hervé Fischer and sociological art in 2017. Pioneer of the digital revolution in Quebec, he cofounded the Cité des arts et des nouvelles technologies de Montréal in 1985, the first Cybercafé in Canada, the Télescience Festival, Science for All. His research focuses on art, sociology of colors, the digital revolution , social imagination, hyperhumanism. He created the Quebec Media lab Hexagram. He is the author of many books including Théorie de l’art sociologique (1976), L’Histoire de l’art est terminée (1981), Digital Shock (2002), CyberProméthée, l’instinct de puissance (2003), La planète hyper, de la pensée linéaire à la pensée en arabesque (2004), The Decline of the Hollywood Empire (2005), La société sur le divan (2007), L’Avenir de l’art (2010), La divergence du futur (2014), La pensée magique du Net (2014), Market Art (2016), Les couleurs de l’Occident. De la Préhistoire au XXIe siècle (2019), L’Âge hyperhumaniste. Pour une éthique planétaire (2019). He is the founder of the International Society of Mythanalysis.


Conference : Mythanalysis of AI: should we desire our own death?
Friday 6 may 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 1

There is a distinction between weak and strong AI, but many believe that the weak one is already so powerful that the strong one will soon follow. Weak AI does not pose a metaphysical problem: as gigantic as its results, its extensions, its computational and human challenges in our social governance may be, it will never be more than human intelligence assisted by computers. Quantum computers will multiply its power and deep self-learning capacity, but weak AI will never be aware of its processes nor of decisional emotion. These attributes that the human imagination naively confers to it would make it inoperative. A bug, but no computer singularity, whatever the guru entrepreneurs of posthumanism say. The strong AI, on the contrary, which claims to see the emergence of artificial intelligences capable of consciousness and emotions, which feeds science fiction, these kinds of "spiritual machines" desperately hoped for by Ray Kurzweil, constitute a toxic fabrication which is a matter of mythanalytic therapy. To believe in them is to desire one's own death!


Table ronde : L’IA peut-elle comprendre les marchés des matières premières ?
Friday 6 may 2022, 14h30
Table ronde : L’AI est-elle l’avenir de l’innovation de rupture ?
Friday 6 may 2022, 10h45
Table ronde : L’I.A serait-elle la grande gagnante des parties du futur ?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 14h30
Table ronde : Jusqu’à quel point pouvons-nous faire confiance à l’IA dans notre gouverne écologique ?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 16h

Hubert Reeves Hubert Reeves
Astrophysicist

Hubert Reeves is a French Canadian astrophysicist and popularizer of science. He obtained a BSc degree in physics from the Université de Montréal in 1953, an MSc degree from McGill University in 1956 with a thesis entitled "Formation of Positronium in Hydrogen and Helium" and a PhD degree at Cornell University in 1960. From 1960 to 1964, he taught physics at the Université de Montréal and worked as an advisor to NASA. He has been a Director of Research at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique since 1965. In 1994, he was made Officer of the National Order of Quebec. He was promoted to Grand Officer in 2017. His most important publications include: Patience dans l'azur (1981) and Poussières d’étoiles (1984), Là où croît le péril… croît aussi ce qui sauve (2013), Le Banc du temps qui passe (2017).


Conference : Opening session
Thursday 5 may 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 1

Jacques Arnould Jacques Arnould
Ehics expert

Jacques Arnould is an engineer in agronomy and forestry, with a Ph.D. in History of Sciences as well as a Ph.D. in Theology. He researches the interrelation between sciences, cultures, and religions, with a particular interest in two areas: life sciences and space exploration. With respect to the first area, he has written several books on the historical and theological dimensions of the life sciences, with a special emphasis on evolution. With respect to the conquest of space, since 2001 he has served as ethics advisor to the Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES), the French space agency. Dr. Arnould has served as adjunct faculty with the International Space University since 2000, and he is an elected member of the International Academy of Astronautics. In 2004 he was awarded the Labruyère Prize from the Académie Française, and in 2011 the received the Audiffred Prize from the Académie des sciences morales et politiques. In addition to authoring numerous books in French, he has published Gene Avatars: The Neo-Darwinian Theory of Evolution (2002), God vs Darwin: Will the Creationists Triumph over Science? (2009), Icarus’ Second Chance: The Basis and Perspectives of Space Ethics (2011) and God, the Moon, and the Astronaut (2015).

Jean-Christophe Baillie Jean-Christophe Baillie
Novaquark Founder

Jean–Christophe Baillie is a French scientist and entrepreneur. He founded the ENSTA ParisTech Robotics Lab where he worked on developmental robotics and computational evolutionary linguistics. While at ENSTA, he designed the urbiscript programming language to control robots, which became the base technology of Gostai, a robotics startup he created in 2006, which has been acquired by Aldebaran Robotics in 2012. More recently, he founded Novaquark, a video game development studio, developing emergent systemic gameplay and being at the forefront of massively mutiplayer online game concepts. Novaquark is currently gearing up to release Dual Universe, the first single-shard Sci-Fi first person sandox MMORPG game with editable content and emergent gameplay. Jean–Christophe Baillie holds a degree from the École Polytechnique in Paris where he studied computer science and theoretical physics. He did his PhD in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics at Université Pierre & Marie Curie in co-supervision with Luc Steels at the Sony Computer Science Lab in Paris.

Jean-François Clervoy Jean-François Clervoy
Astronaut

Jean-François Clervoy, successively active French, NASA and European astronaut for 33 years ranks as brigadier general from DGA (Defense procurement agency) reserve. Born in 1958, JFC graduated from Ecole Polytechnique in 1981, from SupAero college of Aeronautics in 1983 and from Test flying school in 1987. He flew on three missions aboard the space shuttle: in 1994 to study the atmosphere, in 1997 to resupply the Russian space station Mir, and in 1999 to repair the Hubble space telescope. Then JFC worked as senior advisor for the ESA human space flight programs and is chairman of Novespace which organizes weightlessness parabolic flights aboard the Airbus A310 ZERO-G. He is author, inventor and professional speaker. He is member of several organizations for the promotion of space exploration and for the protection of planet Earth.

Jean-Louis Dessalles Jean-Louis Dessalles
Artificial intelligence researcher

Jean-Louis Dessalles is a lecturer-researcher at Telecom Paris (Institut Polytechnique de Paris).
He works in particular on the theory of simplicity and its applications to cognitive sciences.
He is the author of several books, including a recent book in which he exposes the limits of artificial intelligence.


Conference : Can AI imitate cognitive mechanisms without copying them?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 1

How far can statistical techniques based on neural networks mimic human intelligence? For some, it’s already a done deal: statistical AI performs certain intellectual tasks better than the best human specialists, be it Go players or dermatologists. And yet, neural networks have, by design, a considerable handicap: they have to learn everything in advance, using huge sets of examples. They are incapable of adapting to the current context, except when that context closely resembles some learned situation. Humans, by contrast, rely on a variety of cognitive mechanisms that they use on the fly, for example to understand what is meant by a sentence like “She’s not even sick”. The challenge of statistical AI is to replicate intelligence by extrapolating from data, without any understanding of its underlying mechanisms. This strategy is inherently limited. We will need to "reverse engineer" cognitive mechanisms to go beyond that.


Table ronde : Jusqu’à quel point pouvons-nous faire confiance à l’IA dans notre gouverne écologique ?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 16h

Jean-Paul Delahaye Jean-Paul Delahaye
Mathematician

Jean-Paul Delahaye is Professor Emeritus at the University of Lille and a researcher at the CRISTAL laboratory (Centre de recherche en informatique signal et automatique de Lille, UMR CNRS 9189). His work focuses on sequence transformation algorithms (Thesis), on the use of logic in Artificial Intelligence (expert systems, Prolog language), on the computational theory of games (iterated games, simulation of social systems, study of cooperation), and on algorithmic information theory (Kolmogorov complexity theory, computational centent) with applications to bioinformatics and finance. He is currently working on cryptographic currencies and "blockchain technology". He is also interested in ethical problems in science and is a member of the Comité d'éthique du CNRS (COMETS). He has supervised 20 theses. He is the author 22 books, some of which are intended for a wide public. In 1998, he received the Prix d'Alembert from the Société Mathématique de France and, in 1999, the Prix Auteur de la Culture scientifique from the Ministry of National Education and Research. He writes the monthly column Logique et calcul (6 pages) in the journal Pour la science (French version of Scientific American). He also runs a blog (http://www.scilogs.fr/complexites/) dedicated to "Complexities".


Conference : Will complexity theory bring ethics to AI?
Friday 6 may 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 1

On the condition of distinguishing between "information content" and "structure content", modeled mathematically by "Kolmogorov complexity" and "Bennett logical depth", a universal ethics can be defined on a rigorous basis mathematically by "Kolmogorov's complexity" and "Bennett's logical depth", a universal ethics can be defined on a rigorous basis. It concerns Artificial Intelligence and allows to go beyond the three laws of robotics formulated in 1942 by the famous science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov.

Jean-Sébastien Steyer Jean-Sébastien Steyer
Researcher - Paleontologist

Jean-Sébastien Steyer is paleontologist at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (MNHN), Paris. He is working on Life before the dinosaurs, with special emphasis on Pangean faunas, and on extinct species reconstruction. Beyond his research articles, he also writes popular books such as "Earth before the dinosaurs" (Indiana Univ Press, 2010) and popular articles about sciences in science-fiction. Between two fieldworks in Africa and Asia, this National Geographic Grantee is also chronicler in the French version of "Scientific American".


Conference : Is artificial intelligence natural?
Friday 6 may 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 1

In progress

Jian Tang Jian Tang
Deep learning researcher

Jian Tang is an assistant professor in the Department of Decision Sciences at HEC Montréal, as well as a senior academic member at Mila, the Institut Québécois d'Intelligence Artificielle. He holds a Canada - CIFAR Research Chair in AI. His main research interests are deep learning, reinforcement learning, graph representation learning, natural language understanding, recommender systems and drug discovery. During his PhD, he received the Best Paper Award at the 2014 ICML conference; in 2016, he was nominated for the Best Paper Award at the World Wide Web (WWW) Data Mining Conference; in 2020, he received the Amazon and Tencent Faculty Research Award. He is one of the most representative researchers in the field of graph representation learning and has published a representative body of work in this area such as the LINE and RotatE algorithms. The algorithm he developed on node representation learning, LINE, has been widely recognized and is the most cited paper at the WWW conference between 2015 and 2019. Recently, his group just released an open-source platform for drug discovery called TorchDrug, aiming to make AI drug discovery software and libraries freely available to the research community. He is a senior referee for the ICML and NeurIPS conferences.


Conference : Does geometric deep learning help in drug discovery?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 2

Drug discovery is a very long and expensive process, taking on average more than 10 years and costing $2.5B to develop a new drug. Artificial intelligence has the potential to significantly accelerate the process of drug discovery by extracting evidence from a huge amount of biomedical data and hence revolutionizes the entire pharmaceutical industry. In particular, graph representation learning and geometric deep learning--a fast growing topic in the machine learning and data mining community focusing on deep learning for graph-structured and 3D data---has seen great opportunities for drug discovery as many data in the domain are represented as graphs or 3D structures (e.g. molecules, proteins, biomedical knowledge graphs). In this talk, I will introduce our recent progress on geometric deep learning for drug discovery and also a newly released open-source machine learning platform for drug discovery, called TorchDrug.

Joséphine Jobard Joséphine Jobard
Illustrator

With her literary high school diploma (baccalauréat) in hand, Joséphine joined the Ecole Boulle in 2016. After three years of study, just turning 21 years of age, she obtained her Diploma in Artistic Woodcarving (Diplôme des Métiers d’Art), with an innovative project mixing shadows and sculpture. From academic drawing, to comic strips, to sketchbooks and travel books; illustration is an important part of her everyday life.

Laurence Honnorat Laurence Honnorat
CEO Innovaxiom

After a background in physical sciences, management and communication and fifteen years of experience in the industry, Laurence Honnorat presides over Innovaxiom, founded in 2007. Innovaxiom, a strategy consulting company, builds and implements projects in science. Laurence Honnorat is also at the origin of the creation in 2012 of Innovaxiom Corp, based in Boston. She is co-founder of the Out Of Atmosphere Foundation for space exploration. In 2016 Laurence created Weneedyourbrain.com, a network of scientific speakers, and in 2017 Icedmoment.com, an exhibition of online photographic collections. In 2018, she launches TimeWorldEvent, a world science congress, and in 2020, the general interest association Ideasinscience.com in response to the eponymous YouTube channel, created in 2011 and of which she is the producer. She works as a strategy consultant, particularly in industry, on issues related to anticipation and in higher education where she addresses the themes of idea emergence, communication and project management. In 2019, she received the Alexandre Ananoff prize from the Société Astronomique de France for her actions in favour of the valorisation of space culture.


Conference : Opening session
Thursday 5 may 2022, 9h15 - 10h — Amphi 1

Louisiane Gautier Louisiane Gautier
Clinical psychologist

Louisiane Gauthier is a clinical child psychologist at the Centres Jeunesse de Montréal and has been an expert witness in court for over 35 years. For two years, she was the Executive Director of the Musée maritime de Charlevoix. Louisiane is currently very involved in various boards of directors. She chairs the Board of Directors of Vision Diversité, whose mission is to promote artistic diversity. She is the vice-president of the Observatoire de la géosphère de Charlevoix and responsible for the development of the Espace Hubert-Reeves-en Charlevoix. Louisiane Gauthier is a member of the board of directors of Les Petits Violons and Ensemble musical Jean Cousineau, a private school that trains students in orchestral performance. In 2007, Louisiane received three awards: the Excellence Award for "constancy in contribution and personal commitment" from the Multidisciplinary Council of Montreal Youth Centres; the Professional Award from the Ordre des Psychologues du Québec 2001; and the Welfare League of Canada Award for the defense of children's rights.

Maxime Abolgassemi Maxime Abolgassemi
Professor and Writer

Maxime Abolgassemi teaches literature and culture in classes préparatoires at Lycée Chateaubriand in Rennes. An advocate for educational reform, he has published a book to promote creative writing in French schools. With his experience on different selection committees and as an educator, he has developed a practical method to evaluate the various aspects that go into “personality interview” tests during oral entrance exams for France’s prestigious higher education institutions (grandes écoles). He holds a doctorate in literature from the Paris-Sorbonne University and a master’s degree in theoretical physics from Pierre and Marie Curie University. He has his agrégation in modern literature. His work focuses on Surrealist “objective chance”, his own notion of counter-fiction, and democratic transparency. In 2017, he published his first novel, Nuit Persane, which takes readers to Teheran in the years leading up to the Iranian Revolution.


Conference : What intelligence to understand the crowd?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 12h15 - 13h — Amphi 2

In progress

Maxime Colleret Maxime Colleret
Doctoral student in science, technology and society

Maxime Colleret is a doctoral student in the Science, Technology and Society program at UQAM and a student member of the Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie (CIRST). He has published several works on the development of academic institutions in Canada, particularly with respect to technology transfer. He also addresses the promises of nanotechnology and artificial intelligence in several articles and research notes.


Conference : Is artificial intelligence creating an economy of promise?
Friday 6 may 2022, 13h45 - 14h30 — Amphi 2

In the early 2000s, most Western states agreed that nanotechnology would trigger a new industrial revolution, requiring a workforce of millions and leading to a near complete restructuring of national economic models. Twenty years later, we know that a considerable part of the promises on which these expectations were based were in fact greatly exaggerated. Nanotechnology is no longer the focus of technology policy. It is now AI that monopolizes the attention and promises yet another industrial revolution. Thanks to real breakthroughs in machine learning techniques, AI has become a national priority and its promoters are taking advantage of a real investment race to realize their industrial projects. In our presentation, we will compare the discourses of nanotechnology and AI promoters and show that the rhetoric of the promise deployed by them is the same. We will also analyze the response to these promises by the Quebec government.

Michel Viso Michel Viso
Exobiologist

Michel Viso was a veterinarian for many years. He enrolled in Alfort Veterinary School in 1980 and the National Institute of Agronomical Research in 1981. He was chosen to be an astronaut by the French space agency, CNES, in 1985. He collaborated on the RHESUS Project in cooperation with NASA. His prospects of traveling to space evaporated in 1993 when NASA ended the project. He then went on to ensure scientific responsibility in animal physiological and biological space experiments performed in cooperation with the United States, Russia, and other partners. In 2004, CNES named him to the position of scientific manager for Exobiology, in preparation for French participation in the European project Exomars and future exploration missions in the solar system, including new projects on sample returns from Mars in the 2030s. He represents the CNES on COSPAR’s Panel for Planetary Protection. In June 2021, Michel Viso becomes Innovaxiom's scientific advisor.

Pascale Lehoux Pascale Lehoux
Professor

Pascale Lehoux holds a Bachelor's degree in Industrial Design, a PhD in Public Health and completed her postdoctoral training in Science & Technology Dynamics at the University of Amsterdam. She is a full professor in the Department of Management, Evaluation and Health Policy and a researcher at the Centre de recherche en santé publique (CReSP) of the Université de Montréal. She is a member of the Board of Directors of the Institut national d'excellence en santé et services sociaux (INESSS) and co-leader of the "Research and Creation" function of the Observatoire international des impacts sociétaux de l'intelligence artificielle et du numérique (OBVIA). Over the past twenty years, she has developed numerous knowledge mobilization initiatives, including the Hinnovic blog, and published more than 150 scientific articles. Her work has clarified the impact of business models and venture capital on health innovation and strengthened methods for prospective public deliberation. His current research program, In Fieri, examines the design, financing and commercialization of responsible health innovation (RHI). Funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the team includes experts in health services and policy research, medicine, engineering, design, ethics, sociology and economics.


Conference : Is AI responsible or not?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 15h15 - 16h — Amphi 1

Based on the premise that some words cannot be used lightly, this presentation aims to provoke new - and also playful - reflections on what the qualifier "responsible" means when attached to Artificial Intelligence. Using the healthcare field as a case study, where responsibility has been institutionalized over several decades, I will use real and fictional examples to clarify what thinking about and building responsible solutions entails. I will point out that the AI and digital industry differs in many ways from the medical device and pharmaceutical industries, and that its current characteristics move us away from an ability to truly embody responsibility. Considering the societal challenges we all face, it is high time to rethink the innovations that the 21st century needs.

Pierre-Majorique Léger Pierre-Majorique Léger
User Experience Researcher

Professor Pierre-Majorique Léger is a full professor at HEC Montréal and holds the NSERC-Prompt Industrial Research Chair in User Experience. He holds a Ph.D. in industrial engineering from École Polytechnique de Montréal. His research aims to improve the user experience (UX) during learning or use of an information technology (IT), by mobilizing psycho- and neuro-physiological data generated during the interaction and allowing to qualify the user's emotion and cognition.


Conference : How does the technology user really experience it?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 2

To design digital products and services that users will want to use and reuse, it is essential to understand their experience. However, the use of technology in everyday life is often automatic and even unconscious, which makes it very difficult for the user to share what they are really experiencing. Our research aims to improve the user experience by mobilizing neuroscience tools that can measure the cognitive and emotional states of users during an interaction with a technology. This neuroscientific data is a real goldmine for designers to create more intuitive applications. This conference will focus on concrete examples from projects conducted with companies here and abroad that have sought to evaluate what their users really experience through the use of neuroscience in the context of collaborative research within the Tech3Lab laboratory they co-founded over 10 years ago.

Pierre Michaud Pierre Michaud
Composer, clarinetist and researcher

Pierre Michaud is a New Brunswick-born composer, clarinetist and creative researcher. He has been a professor of mixed composition at the Faculty of Music of the Université de Montréal since 2012 and Vice-Dean of Graduate Studies and Research since 2019. He holds a doctorate in composition from the Université de Montréal and has completed additional studies at the Jan Levoslav Bella Conservatory in Slovakia, at the Université de Moncton, at Mount-Allison University and at the Institut de coordination acoustique/musique (IRCAM) in Paris as part of his professional training. He is particularly interested in comprovisation, performer-composer collaboration, interdisciplinarity, interactive spaces, and the integration of technology in the creative process. His works have been heard in concert series and festivals in several cities in Canada, Central America, Asia and Europe. Performers and companies include: Chants libres, Quatuor Bozzini, Quasar, Sixtrum, Ensemble de la Société de musique contemporaine du Québec (SMCQ), Susan Narucki, Shanghai Symphony, Winnipeg Symphony, CBC Radio Orchestra, Royal Conservatory New Music Ensemble, Bratislava Chamber Soloists, Slovak State Opera Orchestra, Arthur-Leblanc Quartet, Claudel Quartet, Suzie Leblanc.

Pierre-Paul Vidal Pierre-Paul Vidal
Neuroscientist

Pierre-Paul Vidal began his studies in medicine and human biology at the Pitié Salpétrière. They ended with a medical thesis and a research degree in human biology. After a DEA in Neuroscience in 1981, he began a doctoral thesis in science which was completed in 1986. Pierre Paul Vidal became a member of the CNRS Laboratory of Occupational Physiology during his studies as an assistant in the Physiology Department where he began his career as a researcher and physician. He joined the CNRS as a research associate. He became director of research in 1990. He is currently Director of Research of exceptional class emeritus, Pierre-Paul Vidal is full professor at Hangzhou Dianzi University and associate professor at the University of Medicine Fra Gemelli, Università Cattolica del S. Cuore in Rome. In the course of his professional career he has created three research laboratories in integrative neuroscience: the Laboratory of Neurobiology of Sensorimotor Networks, the Center for the Study of Sensorimotor Systems and the Cognition and Action Group. He is co-founder of the Borelli Center. He is President of the expert committee for the biomedical promotion of the INSB of the CNRS, CNRS representative on the Board of the Biomedicine Agency, Director of the Sensorimotricity Study Platform of the Saints-Pères at the René Descartes University and Member of the Scientific Council of the IRME. Pierre-Paul Vidal is associate editor of three scientific journals (Frontiers in Neurology, Sensors and Experimental Brain Research).


Conference : Which quantification for the perceptual motor style in Human ?
Friday 6 may 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 1

Little is known about how humans can adapt to the rigorous environmental requirements that have been created over the past 150 years. These new types of environment are complex in the sense that they are radically different to the environments of the last 7 million years, which have shaped the human central nervous system since the appearance of bipedalism. In this context, one is entitled to ask, can it be said that the human brain is indefinitely adapted and adaptable to human-generated environments? In other words, why would a completely artificial environment created by a biological organism be necessarily compatible with the same organism’s functioning? For example, does this adaptation guarantee that persons with chronic diseases and handicaps can live an independent and satisfying life in a complex urban environment? More generally, are these artificial environments compatible with sensory or motor disabilities, regardless of the person’s age? Also, increasingly intelligent machines are continuously being built, so what are the guarantees that operators will continue to be capable of driving them? This list is not an exhaustive list of the questions that require answers. Therefore, long-term monitoring should take place of human groups that are engaged in complex behavioral tasks, and this includes seniors. It is proposed that these groups be named “high-maintenance cohorts (HMCs).” They must be monitored to evaluate their training and, once trained, regular verification that their skills are operational should take place. HMCs should also be monitored to ensure they are not exposed to excessive stresses that could lead to depression, overwork, overtraining, burnout, or post-traumatic syndrome, which are prevalent in current society. Following this definition, it is clear that HMCs are diverse, and given the evolution of society, their number will inevitably increase. To quote a few examples, HMCs include not only seniors, but also persons of any age with chronic diseases, handicaps, those in rehabilitation, operators of complex human-machine interfaces, military personnel on active duty, high-level athletes, and so forth. It is believed that the concepts of pre-frailty and frailty are useful for monitoring many types of HMCs, with little adaptation from the original HMC definition. In my talk, I will describe how individual longitudinal monitoring (ILM) or followup of HMCs can be developed using quantitative approaches.


Table ronde : L’IA sera-t-elle un outil de médecine préventive ?
Friday 6 may 2022, 16h

Stéphane Durand Stéphane Durand
Theoretical Physicist

Stéphane Durand completed doctoral and post-doctoral studies in theoretical physics in Montreal and Paris. He is a professor of physics at Collège Édouard-Montpetit and a member of the Center de recherches mathématiques (CRM) of the Université de Montréal. He has also taught quantum mechanics and relativity at the Department of Physics at the Université de Montréal and École Polytechnique de Montréal. He received the Quebec Minister of Education Award for his book "La relativité animée : Comprendre Einstein en animant soi-même l'espace-temps" (3rd edition, Belin, 2014). He received an Excellence in Teaching Award from the Department of Physics at the Université de Montréal, as well as the First Prize in the International Poster Competition of the European Mathematical Society as part of the World Mathematics Year (posters used and adapted in a dozen countries). He has also published the book " Les carnets insolites du prof Durand " (Flammarion, 2015), inspired by his 150 radio chronicles on Radio-Canada during 4 seasons. Recently, he designed a mini-exhibition on "Time according to relativity", an integral part of the exhibition "Eternity: human dreams and realities of science" presented at the Saguenay Fjord Museum in 2017.


Conference : How fast does artificial intelligence think?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 14h30 - 15h15 — Amphi 1

In progress

Sylvain Sénécal Sylvain Sénécal
Researcher in consumer behavior

Sylvain Sénécal is a full professor of marketing, holder of the RBC Financial Group E-Commerce Chair at HEC Montréal and co-director of the Tech3Lab. He holds an MSc and a PhD in marketing from HEC Montréal. His research interests are related to consumer marketing on the Internet and consumer neuroscience. His work has been presented at several international conferences and published in leading marketing and e-commerce journals.


Conference : How does the technology user really experience it?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 2

To design digital products and services that users will want to use and reuse, it is essential to understand their experience. However, the use of technology in everyday life is often automatic and even unconscious, which makes it very difficult for the user to share what they are really experiencing. Our research aims to improve the user experience by mobilizing neuroscience tools that can measure the cognitive and emotional states of users during an interaction with a technology. This neuroscientific data is a real goldmine for designers to create more intuitive applications. This conference will focus on concrete examples from projects conducted with companies here and abroad that have sought to evaluate what their users really experience through the use of neuroscience in the context of collaborative research within the Tech3Lab laboratory they co-founded over 10 years ago.

Sylvia Gutierrez Sylvia Gutierrez
Economist

Sylvia Gutierrez is an economist and specialist in international management. Of Franco-Venezuelan origin, she has lived in Quebec for over 30 years. At the college level at CEGEP Ahuntsic and at the university level at HEC, Sylvia Gutierrez teaches macroeconomics, microeconomics and international economics in French, English and Spanish. Sylvia has also taught courses in China (CTBU, Chongquing Technology and Business University, Chongquing), Algeria (MDI, Algiers Business School, Algiers) and Peru (UDP, Universidad del Pacifico, Lima). She is a member of the Board of Directors of the Palliative Care Foundation of Notre-Dame PalliAmi Hospital.

Terry Virts Terry Virts
Astronaut

Over the course of his 16-year-career at NASA, Terry Virts piloted a space shuttle and commanded the International Space Station. Virts, a colonel in the U.S. Air Force, considers Columbia, Maryland, his hometown. He is a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, and Harvard Business School. He also was a member of the U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School class 98B at Edwards Air Force Base in California, and served as an experimental test pilot in the F-16 Combined Test Force there before being selected for the astronaut class of 2000. During his time on the ground at NASA, Virts served in a variety of technical assignments, including as the lead astronaut for the T-38 training jet program, chief of the astronaut office’s robotic branch and lead astronaut for the Space Launch System rocket program. In space, Virts served as space shuttle pilot for the STS-130 mission in 2010, helping to deliver the Tranquility module to the space station, along with its cupola bay windows. He then returned to the station in December of 2014, serving as flight engineer for Expedition 42, and commander on Expedition 43. Virts spent a total of 213 days space and conducted three spacewalks for a total of 19 hours and 2 minutes outside of the space station.

Yohann Thenaisie Yohann Thenaisie
Neuroscientist

After three years of preparatory classes in Poitiers, Yohann joined the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon in biology. There he initiated the Vulgarizators festival, which brings together French-speaking popularization figures. It was in a popular science magazine that he discovered in 2015 the work on neuroprostheses of a Swiss laboratory of the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne... in which he started a PhD three years later! His project? Connecting the brains of people affected by Parkinson's disease to an artificial intelligence to help them walk better. In parallel to his research at the Neurorestore center, he practices theater and improvisation. In 2021, he combined his passions for science and theater and won first prize in the international competition My thesis in 180 seconds.


Conference : Why and how to connect an artificial intelligence to the brain?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 10h45 - 11h30 — Amphi 1

A car accident. Your spinal cord is damaged, the communication between your brain and your legs is cut off. You are paralyzed. Permanently...? What if we could read your brain when you want to walk? Then we could send electrical stimulation to the spinal cord - underneath the injury - to make your legs move again and you could walk again! This is not science fiction, but a rapidly growing field of research: brain-machine interfaces. Each of our thoughts corresponds to the activation of a combination of neurons. An artificial intelligence, connected to electrical cables implanted in the brain, can decode thoughts in order to control a prosthesis. Such artificial intelligences can already know if you want to move your arm or your leg, predict if you are about to have an epileptic seizure, and even... guess if you are happy or unhappy! How far will brain-machine interfaces go?


Table ronde : L’IA inventera-t-elle les métiers de demain ?
Saturday 7 may 2022, 9h15

Yoshua Bengio Yoshua Bengio
Researcher in artificial intelligence

Yoshua Bengio FRS OC FRSC is a computer scientist, most noted for his work on artificial neural networks and deep learning. He is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Operations Research at the Université de Montréal and scientific director of the Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms (MILA).


Conference : Can AI help scientific discovery?
Thursday 5 may 2022, 10h - 10h45 — Amphi 1

Until now, AI has been used mainly to learn to classify, predict, etc. from a fixed and largest possible data set. But if we observe how a child or a scientist discovers the world, they explore, they are curious, they try to understand and they act instinctively (in the case of the child) or even deliberately and planned (in the case of the scientist) to improve this understanding. Some reinforcement learning methods are being developed to help the scientist to develop her experiments, taking into account that several experiments will be carried out and that the first ones will allow to acquire knowledge that will be used for the following ones. Moreover, we are developing learning algorithms that seek to represent knowledge not only in an intuitive way (which we already know how to do quite well) but in a more structured way inspired by the way humans think and communicate. By combining new technologies to obtain large amounts of data with each experiment (more than a human can easily digest), such learning and structured models and experimental design generators trained to maximize information gain, it is hoped to accelerate the process of scientific discovery in the coming years. Preliminary experiments on molecule discovery will be presented.

Yves Joanette Yves Joanette
Assistant Vice-Rector for VRRDCI

Yves Joanette is Assistant Vice-Rector for Research at the VRRDCI (Vice-Rector for Discovery, Creation and Innovation at the Université de Montréal), responsible for major strategic initiatives and the deployment of the digital strategy for the University. He is also Director of the Consortium Santé Numérique. Yves Joanette is a professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the Université de Montréal and a researcher at the Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (CRIUGM). His research is in cognitive neuroscience of aging and communication, both in the context of normal aging and in the context of brain diseases, particularly following stroke and neurodegenerative diseases causing dementia. This work has always placed a strong emphasis on training and knowledge mobilization, including clinical tools. Yves Joanette was director of the CRIUGM, then president of the Fonds recherche Québec - Santé, and then director of one of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. He is a member and past president of the World Dementia Council and a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences. The excellence of his contribution has been recognized by several awards, including two honorary doctorates (Lyon and Ottawa).