Norbert Gautrin was introduced to emergency care in 1969 in Professor Huguenard's intensive care unit when the SAMU du Val de Marne was created. He served as Secretary General of Médecins Sans Frontières for 9 years. He took part in several exploratory missions (in Kurdistan in 1980, in Iran in 1981, in Zaire in 1983 in relation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and in Ethiopia in 1984). In 1986 Norbert Gautrin co-founded a company that was at the origin of thirteen EHPADs and a home care service. In 1993, he was a doctor in Dr Xavier Emmanuelli's team at the creation of the Samu Social de Paris. Since 1980, Norbert Gautrin has been working at SOS médecin Paris. He is also an administrator for the Samu Social International and for the philanthropic society which manages Ehpad, establishments for children with physical and mental disabilities, and shelters for women in great difficulty.